Andy Goldsworthy


Andy Goldsworthy

Infobox Artist
bgcolour =
name = Andy Goldsworthy


imagesize =
caption =
birthname =
birthdate = Birth date and age|1956|7|26|df=yes
location = Cheshire, England
deathdate =
deathplace =
nationality = British
field = Sculpture; photography
training = Bradford College of Art (1974–1975); Preston Polytechnic (now University of Central Lancashire) (1975–1978)
movement = Environmental art and land art
works =
patrons =
influenced by = Constantin Brancusi; Richard Long; Robert Smithson; Joseph Beuys; Ben Nicholson; Paul Nash; David Nash
influenced =
awards = Scottish Arts Council Award (1987); honorary degree from the University of Bradford (1993); OBE (2000)

Andy Goldsworthy (born 26 July 1956) is a British sculptor, photographer and environmentalist living in Scotland who produces site-specific sculpture and land art situated in natural and urban settings. His art involves the use of natural and found objects, to create both temporary and permanent sculptures which draw out the character of their environment.

Biography

The son of F. Allin Goldsworthy (1929–2001), former professor of applied mathematics at the University of Leeds, Andy Goldsworthy was born on 26 July 1956 in CheshireStonard, John Paul (10 December 2000). "Goldsworthy, Andy". [http://www.groveart.com Grove Art Online] . Retrieved on 15 May 2007.] and grew up on the Harrogate side of Leeds, West Yorkshire, in a house edging the green belt. From the age of 13 he worked on farms as a labourer. He has likened the repetitive quality of farm tasks to the routine of making sculpture: "A lot of my work is like picking potatoes; you have to get into the rhythm of it."cite news|last=Adams|first=Tim|title=Natural talent|url=http://observer.guardian.co.uk/review/story/0,,2031027,00.html|publisher="The Observer"|date=2007-03-11]

He studied fine art at Bradford College of Art (1974–1975) and at the Preston Polytechnic (1975–1978) (now the University of Central Lancashire) in Preston, Lancashire, receiving his Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree from the latter.cite web|title=Andy Goldsworthy (British, 1956)|url=http://www.artnet.com/artist/7145/andy-goldsworthy.html|publisher=artnet|accessdate=2008-01-31]

After leaving college, Goldsworthy lived in Yorkshire, Lancashire and Cumbria. In 1985 he moved to Langholm in Dumfries and Galloway, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, and a year later to Penpont. It has been said that his gradual drift northwards was "due to a way of life over which he did not have complete control", but that contributing factors were opportunities and desires to work in these areas and "reasons of economy".cite web|title=Andy Goldsworthy|url=http://www.sculpture.org.uk/biography/AndyGoldsworthy|publisher=Cass Sculpture Foundation|accessdate=2008-01-31]

In 1993 he was conferred an honorary degree by the University of Bradford. He is currently an A.D. White Professor-At-Large at Cornell University.cite web|title=Andy Goldsworthy, British, born 1956|url=http://www.nga.gov/cgi-bin/pbio?571670|publisher=National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.|accessdate=2008-01-31]

He is the subject of a 2001 documentary feature film "Rivers and Tides", directed by Thomas Riedelsheimer. [imdb title|id=0307385|title=Rivers and Tides. Retrieved on 31 January 2008.]

Artistic style

The materials used in Andy Goldsworthy's art often include brightly-coloured flowers, icicles, leaves, mud, pinecones, snow, stone, twigs, and thorns. He has been quoted as saying, "I think it's incredibly brave to be working with flowers and leaves and petals. But I have to: I can't edit the materials I work with. My remit is to work with nature as a whole."cite news|last=Sooke|first=Alastair|title=He's got the whole world in his hands|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml?xml=/arts/2007/03/24/bagoldsworthy124.xml|publisher="The Daily Telegraph"|date=2007-03-24] Goldsworthy is generally considered the founder of modern rock balancing. For his ephemeral works, Goldsworthy often uses only his bare hands, teeth, and found tools to prepare and arrange the materials; however, for his permanent sculptures like "Roof", "Stone River" and "Three Cairns", "Moonlit Path" (Petworth, West Sussex, 2002) and "Chalk Stones" in the South Downs, near West Dean, West Sussex he has also employed the use of machine tools. To create "Roof", Goldsworthy worked with his assistant and five British dry-stone wallers, who were used to make sure the structure could withstand time and nature.

Photography plays a crucial role in his art due to its often ephemeral and transient state. According to Goldsworthy, "Each work grows, stays, decays – integral parts of a cycle which the photograph shows at its heights, marking the moment when the work is most alive. There is an intensity about a work at its peak that I hope is expressed in the image. Process and decay are implicit." [cite web|title=Andy Goldsworthy: Art of nature|url=http://sunday.ninemsn.com.au/sunday/art_profiles/article_1934.asp|publisher=ninemsn|date=2006-02-19|accessdate=2007-06-18]

Goldsworthy produced a commissioned work for the entry courtyard of San Francisco's De Young Museum called "Drawn Stone", which echoes San Francisco's frequent earthquakes and their effects. His installation included a giant crack in the pavement that broke off into smaller cracks, and broken limestone, which could be used for benches. The smaller cracks were made with a hammer adding unpredictability to the work as he created it. [citation | title= In Their Words: James Turrell and Andy Goldsworthy | author=Sarah Douglas | publisher=ARTINFO | year=2005 | date= 24 October 2005 | url=http://www.artinfo.com/news/story/1365/in-their-words-james-turrell-and-andy-goldsworthy/ | accessdate=2008-04-16 ]

Awards

*1979 – North West Arts Award
*1980 – Yorkshire Arts Award
*1981 – Northern Arts Award
*1982 – Northern Arts Award
*1986 – Northern Arts Bursary
*1987 – Scottish Arts Council Award
*1989 – Northern Electricity Arts Award
*2000 – Appointed officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)

Publications

*cite book|title=Rain, Sun, Snow, Hail, Mist, Calm : Photoworks by Andy Goldsworthy|location=Leeds|publisher=Henry Moore Centre for the Study of Sculpture|year=1985|isbn=0-9019-8124-9
*cite book|title=Parkland|location= [Yorkshire] |publisher=Yorkshire Sculpture Park|year=1988|isbn=1-8714-8000-0
*cite book|title=Touching North|location=London|publisher=Fabian Carlsson|year=1989|isbn=0-9482-7406-9
*cite book|title=Leaves|location=London|publisher=Common Ground|year=1989|isbn=1-8703-6407-4
*cite book|title=Andy Goldsworthy|location=London|publisher=Viking|year=1990|isbn=0-6708-3213-8 Republished as cite book|title=Andy Goldsworthy : A Collaboration with Nature|location=New York, N.Y.|publisher=H.N. Abrams|year=1990|isbn=0-8109-3351-9
*cite book|title=Ice and Snow Drawings : 1990–1992|location=Edinburgh|publisher=FruitMarket Gallery|year=1992|isbn=0-947912-06-1
*cite book|last=Goldsworthy|first=Andy|coauthors=Terry Friedman|title=Hand to Earth : Andy Goldsworthy Sculpture, 1976–1990|location=New York, N.Y.|publisher=H.N. Abrams|year=1993|isbn=0-8109-3420-5
*cite book|title=Stone|location=London|publisher=Viking|year=1994|isbn=0-6708-5478-6
*cite book|title=Black Stones, Red Pools : Dumfriesshire Winter 1994–5|location=London|publisher=Pro Arte Foundation in association with Michael Hue-Williams Fine Art Ltd. & Galerie Lelong, N.Y|year=1995|isbn=0-9525-4570-5
*cite book|last=Goldsworthy|first=Andy|coauthors=Steve Chettle; Paul Nesbitt & Andrew Humphries|title=Sheepfolds|location=London|publisher=Michael Hue-Williams Fine Art Ltd|year=1996
*cite book|title=Wood|location=London|publisher=Viking|year=1996|isbn=0-6708-7137-0
*cite book|last=Goldsworthy|first=Andy|coauthors=David Craig|title=Arch|location=London|publisher=Thames & Hudson|year=1999|isbn=0-5000-1933-9
*cite book|title=Time|location=London|publisher=Thames & Hudson|year=2000|isbn=0-5005-1026-1
*cite book|last=Goldsworthy|first=Andy|coauthors=Jerry L. Thompson & Storm King Art Center|title=Wall at Storm King|location=London|publisher=Thames & Hudson|year=2000|isbn=0-5000-1991-6
*cite book|title=Midsummer Snowballs|location=London|publisher=Thames & Hudson|year=2001|isbn=0-5005-1065-2
*cite book|title=Andy Goldsworthy : Refuges D'Art|location=Lyon; Digne, France|publisher=Editions Artha; Musée départemental de Digne|year=2002|isbn=2-8484-5001-0
*cite book|title=Passage|location=London|publisher=Thames & Hudson|year=2004|isbn=0-5005-1191-8
*cite book|title=Enclosure|location=London|publisher=Thames & Hudson|year=2007|isbn=0-5000-9336-9

Major exhibitions and installations

Personal life

In 1982, Goldsworthy married Judith Gregson. They had four children and settled in the village of Penpont in the region of Dumfries and Galloway, Dumfriesshire, in southwest Scotland. He now lives there with his partner, Tina Fiske, an art historian whom he met when she came to work with him a few years after he separated from his wife.

Quotations

*"I find some of my new works disturbing, just as I find nature as a whole disturbing. The landscape is often perceived as pastoral, pretty, beautiful – something to be enjoyed as a backdrop to your weekend before going back to the nitty-gritty of urban life. But anybody who works the land knows it's not like that. Nature can be harsh – difficult and brutal, as well as beautiful. You couldn't walk five minutes from here without coming across something that is dead or decaying."
*"One of the beauties of art is that it reflects an artist's entire life. What I've learned over the past 30 years is really beginning to inform what I make. I hope that process continues until I die."

ee also

*Environmental art
*Environmental sculpture
*Greenmuseum.org
*Land art
*Rock balancing

Notes

References

*cite news|last=Adams|first=Tim|title=Natural talent|url=http://observer.guardian.co.uk/review/story/0,,2031027,00.html|publisher="The Observer"|date=2007-03-11
* [http://www.sculpture.org.uk/biography/AndyGoldsworthy Biography of Andy Goldsworthy at the Cass Sculpture Foundation]
* [http://www.nga.gov/cgi-bin/pbio?571670 Biography of Andy Goldsworthy at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.]
*cite news|last=Sooke|first=Alastair|title=He's got the whole world in his hands|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml?xml=/arts/2007/03/24/bagoldsworthy124.xml|publisher="The Daily Telegraph"|date=2007-03-24

Further reading

Articles:
*cite web|last=Beyst|first=Stefan|title=Andy Goldsworthy: The beauty of creation|url=http://d-sites.net/english/goldsworthy.htm|month=June | year=2002|accessdate=2007-06-24
*cite web|last=Moore|first=Robbie|title=Goldsworthy in stone|url=http://www.specifier.com.au/pastissues/view/detailed/c/GoldsworthyinStone/id/6070|publisher="Specifier Magazine"|accessdate=2007-06-24

Books:
*cite book|last=Malpas|first=William|title=Andy Goldsworthy: Touching Nature|location=Kidderminster|publisher=Crescent Moon|year=1995|isbn=1861710496 (pbk.)
*cite book|last=Malpas|first=William|title=The Art of Andy Goldsworthy|location=Kidderminster|publisher=Crescent Moon|year=1998|isbn=1861710321 (pbk.)
*cite book|last=Malpas|first=William|title=Andy Goldsworthy in Close-Up|location=Maidstone, Kent|publisher=Crescent Moon|year=2003|isbn=186171050X
*cite book|last=Malpas|first=William|title=Andy Goldsworthy: Pocket Guide|location=Maidstone, Kent|publisher=Crescent Moon|year=2008|isbn=9781861712417

External links

General:
* [http://www.sculpture.org.uk/artists/AndyGoldsworthy Andy Goldsworthy at the Cass Sculpture Foundation]
* [http://www.artisancam.org.uk/pages/artists/andy.php?mnbtn=2 Andy Goldsworthy at ArtisanCam]
* [http://www.artnet.com/artist/7145/andy-goldsworthy.html Andy Goldsworthy at artnet]
* [http://www.commonground.org.uk/sculpture/s-ag.html Andy Goldsworthy's 1980s work with] Common Ground, a UK charity and lobby group promoting local distinctiveness
* [http://www.kqed.org/arts/people/spark/profile.jsp?id=4157 Andy Goldsworthy working on "Drawn Stone" on KQED's TV programme "Spark" (June 2005)]

Art:
* [http://www.goldsworthy.cc.gla.ac.uk Online preview of the Andy Goldsworthy Digital Catalogue DVD Volume 1: 1976-1986] . A collaborative effort involving Goldsworthy, The Crichton Foundation, and the University of Glasgow's Crichton Campus and Humanities Advanced Technology and Information Institute (HATII). The DVD documents, visually and textually, the first ten years of Goldsworthy's ephemeral outdoor practice. It replicates Goldsworthy's "Slide Cabinet Index", and includes previously unpublished material from "Goldsworthy's Sketchbook Diaries".
*" [http://collections.sfmoma.org/Obj104420$12670 Wet feathers/Wrapped around a stone/Before the incoming tide, Carrick] " (1999). Photograph from the collection of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
*" [http://www.artandarchitecture.org.uk/search/results.html?_creators=ULAN33454&display=Goldsworthy%2c+Andy Snowballs in Summer] " (2000), photographed in Charterhouse Square and Smithfield Market in Smithfield, London, UK. Photographs from the Conway Collection, Courtauld Institute of Art, London.
*" [http://www.desmoinesartcenter.org/dreampics/index.php?fuseaction=gallery.viewPhotos&exhibition_id=4&photo_id=263&pageNumber=1 Three Cairns] " (2002), Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, Iowa, US.
* [http://www.gac.culture.gov.uk/search/Artist.asp?maker_id=122429 Photographs by Andy Goldsworthy in the UK Government Art Collection] .
* [http://www.flickr.com/groups/andygoldsworthy/pool/ Photographs of Andy Goldsworthy's sculptures at Flickr]
* [http://www.sculpture.org.uk/portfolio/AndyGoldsworthy Andy Goldsworthy's Portfolio at the Cass Sculpture Foundation]

Persondata
NAME = Goldsworthy, Andy
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = British sculptor and photographer
DATE OF BIRTH = 26 July 1956
PLACE OF BIRTH = Cheshire, England, United Kingdom
DATE OF DEATH =
PLACE OF DEATH =


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