Bradford City A.F.C.


Bradford City A.F.C.

Infobox Football club
clubname = Bradford City


fullname = Bradford City Association Football Club
nickname = The Bantams
The Paraders
The Citizens
founded = 1903
ground = Valley Parade
Bradford
capacity = 25,136
chairman = flagicon|England Julian Rhodes flagicon|England Mark Lawn
mgrtitle = Manager
manager = flagicon|Scotland Stuart McCall
league = League Two
season = 2007–08
position = League Two, 10th
current = Bradford City A.F.C. season 2008-09
pattern_la1 =|pattern_b1=_thinredstripes|pattern_ra1=
leftarm1 = 800000|body1=FFA500|rightarm1=800000|shorts1=000000|socks1=000000
pattern_la2=_blackborder|pattern_b2=|pattern_ra2=_blackborder
leftarm2 = FFFFFF|body2=FFFFFF|rightarm2=FFFFFF|shorts2=FFFFFF|socks2=FFFFFF

Bradford City Association Football Club (also known as The Bantams, and previously The Paraders) is an English football club based in Bradford, West Yorkshire, playing in League Two. The club plays home games at Valley Parade, named the Coral Windows stadium under sponsorship naming rights. The ground was the victim of a fire on 11 May 1985, which took the lives of 56 supporters.

The club was founded in 1903. It was instantly elected into Division Two of the Football League despite not having played a previous game. Promotion to the top tier followed in 1908 and the club won the FA Cup in 1911, its only major honour. After relegation in 1922 from Division One, the club spent 77 years outside the top flight until promotion to the Premier League in 1999. City stayed up, with a then record low of 36 points, in the first season in the Premier League. Relegation followed the following season. Since then a series of financial crises have pushed the club to the brink of closure. The financial pressures have resulted in two more relegations to its current position in League Two.

The club has had more than 40 managers, all of whom have been from Great Britain and Ireland. The club's current manager is Stuart McCall, who played for the club in two previous spells, and is one of several managers to have played international football.

History

Bradford City were formed in 1908 as a result of a series of meetings called by James Whyte, a sub-editor of the "Bradford Observer", with Football Association representatives and officials at Manningham Football Club, a rugby league side. [cite book
last=Frost
first=Terry
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
publisher=Breedon Books Sport
year=1988
pages=p. 11
isbn=0907969380
] The Football League saw the invitation as a chance to promote football in the rugby league-dominated county of the West Riding of Yorkshire. It duly elected the new club into Division Two of the league, in place of Doncaster Rovers. Four days later, at the 23rd annual meeting of Manningham FC, the committee decided to change code from rugby league to association football. Bradford City Association Football Club were formed without having played a game, taking over Manningham's colours of claret and amber, and their Valley Parade ground. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 13
]

Robert Campbell was appointed the club's first manager and with the help of the new committee, he assembled a playing squad at the cost of £917 10s 0d. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 65
] cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 14
] City's first game was a 2–0 defeat at Grimsby Town on 1 September 1903, [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 149
] six days before their first home game attracted 11,000 fans.cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 54
] The club finished 10th in their first season. Peter O'Rourke took over as manager in November 1905, and he led City to the Division Two title in 1907–08 and with it promotion to the Division One.cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=pp. 65–66
] Having narrowly avoided relegation in their first season in the top flight, City recorded their highest finish of 5th in 1910–11. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 16
] The same season they won the FA Cup, when a goal from captain Jimmy Speirs won the final replay against Newcastle United. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 49
] City's defence of the cup, which included the first Bradford derby against Bradford Park Avenue was stopped by Barnsley after a run of 12 consecutive clean sheets. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 17
] [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 159
]

City remained in the top flight in the period up to the First World War and for three seasons afterwards, but were relegated in 1921–22 along with Manchester United.cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 21
] [cite web
url=http://www.manutd.com/default.sps?pagegid={E0DB31FD-0C0E-49D7-98B7-AA7B75FF0E21}&section=decadeDetails&sectionid=945&customPageID=945
title=1920-1929
accessdate=2008-05-14
publisher=Manchester United Football Club
] Back in Division Two, attendances dropped and City struggled for form, [cite book
last=Dewhirst
first=John
title=City Memories – An Illustrated Record of Bradford City A.F.C.
publisher=True North Books
year=1998
pages=ch. 2
isbn=1-900-463-57-1
] with five consecutive finishes in the bottom half of the table. They suffered a second relegation to Division Three (North) in 1926–27. Two seasons later, O'Rourke, who had initially retired in 1921 following the death of his son, returned and guided City to promotion with a record haul of 128 goals. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=pp. 34–35
] O'Rourke left for a second time after one more season, and although City spent a total of eight seasons back in Division Two, they rarely looked like promotion back to the top flight. Instead in 1936–37, the club were relegated back to Division Three (North). [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 22
] City won their third piece of silverware two seasons later, when they lifted the Third Division North Challenge Cup but they were unable to defend the trophy because competitive football was suspended for the Second World War. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 356
]

After the war, City went through two managers in the first two seasons, [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 23
] and were consistently in the bottom half of the Division Three (North) table until 1955–56. After three successive top half finishes, [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 168
] City were placed in the new Division Three in 1958–59. Bradford spent just three seasons in Division Three, but during their relegation season in 1960–61,cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 24
] they upset Division One side Manchester United in the inaugural season of the League Cup. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 152
] With 34 goals from David Layne, City nearly earned an instant promotion the following season, but it did also include a record 9–1 defeat to Colchester United. Layne left for Sheffield Wednesday, [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 113
] and without him City finished second from bottom of the league and had to apply for re-election. They suffered the same fate three seasons later, but after another three difficult seasons during which time manager Grenville Hair died following a heart attack in training, City returned to Division Three. City's stay in Division Three lasted just three years, when they finished bottom in 1971–72. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 26
] Promotion via fourth spot was won again in 1976–77 but it was instantly followed by a relegation season.cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 27
]

City failed to win promotion for three successive seasons, until the board appointed former England centre back Roy McFarland as manager in May 1981. McFarland won promotion in his first season, but was poached by his former club Derby County just six months later. City won compensation from Derby and instead installed another England international Trevor Cherry as McFarland's replacement. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 81
] Cherry, with former teammate Terry Yorath as his assistant manager, failed to win for two months, but eventually the pair guided City safe from relegation. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 306
] But during the summer, the club chairman Bob Martin had to call in the official receivers. The club was saved by former chairman Stafford Heginbotham and former board member Jack Tordoff, but to ensure the club could start the new season, prize asset, striker Bobby Campbell was sold to Derby. City struggled but so did Campbell, and when he returned, the club went on a record run of ten successive victories. And although they missed out on promotion, the following season, City won the league to return to the second tier of The Football League. However, City's triumph was overshadowed by the fire disaster, which killed 56 people when Valley Parade caught fire in the final game of the season. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 28
]

City played games away from Valley Parade for 19 months. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 59
] But just ten days after the new £2.6m ground was opened, Cherry was sacked. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=pp. 28–29
] His replacement, Terry Dolan steered City away from possible relegation, [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 29
] before he mounted a promotion challenge the following season. City went top of the table in September 1987, but fell away during Christmas and missed out on promotion on the final day of the season. Instead they entered the play-offs, but were defeated in the semi-finals by Middlesbrough. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 30
] Two years later City were relegated back to Division Three. For three seasons, City finished mid-table in the third tier, which was now renamed Division Two, following the advent of the Premier League.

In January 1994, Geoffrey Richmond came from Scarborough to take over as chairman,cite book
last=Markham
first=David
title=The legends of Bradford City
publisher=Breedon Books Sport
year=2007
pages=p. 165
isbn=978-1-85983-572-2
] and promised to guide City to the Premier League within five years. He cleared the debts and after four months sacked manager Frank Stapleton to appoint his own manager, Lennie Lawrence. Lawrence left after little more than a year to join Luton Town but his successor, Chris Kamara took City to the play-offs and their first game at Wembley Stadium. They defeated Notts County 2–0 to earn promotion to Division One. City avoided relegation back on the final day of the following season, but Kamara was sacked in January 1998. [cite book
last=Markham
title=The legends of Bradford City
pages=p. 103
] [cite web
url=http://www.soccerbase.com/managers2.sd?managerid=284
title=Chris Kamara's managerial career
accessdate=2008-05-17
publisher=Soccerbase
] Paul Jewell took over, initially on a temporary basis, before he was given a permanent contract. He bought the club's first £1 million signings and guided the club to the Premiership—the first time they had been in the top flight for 77 years—with a second place finish. [cite book
last=Markham
title=The legends of Bradford City
pages=p. 99
] [cite news
url=http://archive.thisisbradford.co.uk/1999/5/10/163276.html
title=Premier display!
date=1999-05-10
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=Telegraph & Argus
first=Richard
last=Sutcliffe
] The following season, Jewell continued to defy the critics, who labelled his team "Dad's Army", by avoiding relegation again on the last day with a 1–0 victory over Liverpool. [cite news
url=http://archive.thisisbradford.co.uk/2000/5/15/153503.html
title=The miracle workers
date=2000-05-15
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=Telegraph & Argus
]

However, Jewell left shortly afterwards. His assistant Chris Hutchings was promoted to the manager's position, [cite news
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/b/bradford_city/803023.stm
title=Bradford pull off great escape
date=2000-07-29
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=BBC Sport
] and despite a series of new expensive signings, [cite news
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/b/bradford_city/876295.stm
title=Bantams aim to fly high
date=2000-08-13
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=BBC Sport
] [cite news
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/b/bradford_city/991922.stm
title=Bradford swoop for Collymore
date=2000-10-26
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=BBC Sport
] he was sacked by November 2000, with City second from bottom of the league. [cite news
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/b/bradford_city/1009904.stm
title=Bradford sack Hutchings
date=2000-11-06
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=BBC Sport
] Jim Jefferies took over but could not save the club from relegation. [cite news
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/b/bradford_city/1027129.stm
title=Jefferies is new Bradford manager
date=2000-11-20
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=BBC Sport
] [cite news
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/eng_prem/1303049.stm
title=Jefferies upbeat in defeat
date=2001-04-29
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=BBC Sport
] At the end of the first season back in Division One, City were placed in administration with debts of nearly £13million. [cite news
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/b/bradford_city/1991450.stm
title=Bradford City in administration
date=2002-05-16
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=BBC Sport
] Two years later, the club suffered a second spell in administration and a second relegation. [cite news
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/b/bradford_city/3513575.stm
title=Bantams in administration
date=2004-02-27
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=BBC Sport
] In both 2004–05 and 2005–06, Bradford came 11th—the first time they had finished in the top half of a league since promotion to the Premier League. [cite web
url=http://www.soccerbase.com/league2.sd?competitionid=3&seasonid=137&x=16&y=8
title=Final 2004/2005 Football League One Table
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=Soccerbase
] [cite web
url=http://www.soccerbase.com/league2.sd?competitionid=3&seasonid=137&x=16&y=8
title=Final 2005/2006 Football League One Table
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=Soccerbase
] But the following season, key assets Jermaine Johnson and Dean Windass were sold, [cite news
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/s/sheff_wed/6313105.stm
title=Owls sign Bradford winger Johnson
date=2007-01-30
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=BBC Sport
] [cite news
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/h/hull_city/6725825.stm
title=Windass completes Tigers switch
date=2007-06-19
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=BBC Sport
] and the club were relegated for a third time in seven seasons meaning the 2007–08 season would be their first in the bottom tier for 26 seasons.cite news
url=http://www.thetelegraphandargus.co.uk/search/display.var.1362773.0.woeful_city_relegated.php
title=Woeful City relegated
date=2007-04-28
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=Telegraph & Argus
last=Parker
first=Simon
] Former player Stuart McCall was appointed the new manager, [cite news
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/b/bradford_city/6679253.stm
title=McCall named new Bradford manager
date=2007-05-22
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=BBC Sport
] and although he said anything less than promotion would be a failure, [cite news
url=http://www.thetelegraphandargus.co.uk/search/display.var.1456117.0.mccall_ill_have_failed_if_we_dont_go_up.php
title=McCall: I'll Have Failed If We Don't Go Up
date=2007-06-08
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=Telegraph & Argus
last=Parker
first=Simon
] he later changed his mind after a poor start and finally led the team to a 10th place finish. [cite news
url=http://www.thetelegraphandargus.co.uk/search/display.var.2011939.0.mccall_the_big_interview.php
title=McCall: The big interview
date=2008-02-01
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=Telegraph & Argus
last=Greenhalf
first=Jim
] [cite web
url=http://www.soccerbase.com/league2.sd?seasonid=137&competitionid=4
title=Final 2007/2008 Football League Two Table
accessdate=2008-05-13
publisher=Soccerbase
]

Colours and club crest

Bradford City is the only professional football club in England to wear claret and amber. The club colours were inherited from Manningham FC, when the club converted to football upon Bradford City's foundation in 1903. However, whereas Manningham played in hoops, the new football club adopted claret and amber stripes. [cite book
last=Dewhirst
title=City Memories – An Illustrated Record of Bradford City A.F.C.
pages=ch. 1
] Manningham RFC adopted the colours in 1884 before the move to Valley Parade in 1886. Having originally worn black shirts with white shorts, the club’s first game in claret and amber was against Hull on 20 September 1884, at Carlisle Road.

The reason Manningham chose claret and amber is not documented but it was the same colours of the West Yorkshire Regiment, which was based at Belle Vue Barracks on nearby Manningham Lane. Both Manningham, from 1886, and Bradford City, from 1903-08, used the barracks as changing and club rooms.

Bradford City has worn claret and amber, with either white or black, since it was founded. The traditional style has been for stripes. Since the fire in 1985, the club has used black on the kit as a memory to the 56 supporters who died.cite web|url=http://www.bradfordcityfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/News/0,,10266~1295874,00.html|title=All white change strip for next season|accessdate=2008-04-23|date=2008-04-22|publisher=Bradford City official website] The club's away shirt has traditionally been white and to a lesser extent also blue, but there has been a profusion of other colours and designs particularly in more recent years. The away kit for the 2008-2009 season will be all white.

City scarves have also sold in large numbers in recent years to fans of Harry Potter, because the colours are the same as Harry’s house scarf at Hogwarts School. [cite web
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/tv_film/newsid_2557000/2557569.stm
title=Potter magic sells footie scarves
accessdate=2007-12-30
date=9 December 2002
publisher=CBBC Newsround
]

A number of other clubs across the world wear claret and amber. They include Scottish club, Motherwell, who originally wore blue until they wore claret and amber for the first time on 23 August 1913, against Celtic. Motherwell chose the colours because they were the racing colours of Lord Hamilton. [cite web
url=http://www.motherwellfc.org/history.htm
title=A brief history of Motherwell FC
accessdate=2007-12-30
publisher=Motherwell FC.org
]

Contrary to any suggestion the City colours were certainly not derived from the civic identity of Bradford given that the primary colours of the Bradford coat of arms were red and blue with gold. Manningham was a township within Bradford and its identity was defined more by sporting rivalry with the township of Horton where the Park Avenue ground was situated. The fact that red, amber and black (with white) has been worn by three of the city's senior football clubs (namely Bradford AFC, Bradford RFC / Bradford & Bingley RUFC and Bradford Northern RLFC / Bradford Bulls who were all descended from the original Bradford FC which was based at Park Avenue) has made many people assume that these were the de facto sporting colours of Bradford. Indeed the colours have also been used by other sports organisations in Bradford such as cycling, hockey and athletics principally in the style of a red, amber and black band on a white shirt (as typically worn by Bradford Northern and as an away kit by Bradford). Red, amber and black are also the historic colours of Bradford Cricket Club formed in 1836. Bradford FC had been formed in 1863 by former pupils of Bramham College and in 1880 joined Bradford CC at Park Avenue. However it is not known whether one club took the colours of the other at this time. Bradford did not achieve city status until 1897 and to that extent red, amber and black could well have been associated with Bradford prior to the granting of the arms and certainly well before Bradford's city status.

The club’s crest combines a series of logos from over the years. In 1974, City adopted a contemporary style crest incorporating the club’s initials, with a B-C logo. At the time, the new logo maintained the previous nickname of the Paraders. By December 1981, the club relaunched the Bantams as the official identity with a bantam on the new crest. The crest maintains the club colours and also includes the words The Bantams.

Nickname

Bradford City have had a number of nicknames during the history. In their early years, they were referred to as the Robins or Wasps, taking over the nickname of Manningham FC, as a result of Manningham's claret and amber hoops. Other nicknames have been the Citizens or Paraders, but the club is better known as the Bantams.

tadium

Valley Parade was the site of a quarry on the hillside below Manningham, Bradford, owned by Midland Railway Company, in 1886, when Manningham RFC bought one-third of the land and leased the remainder, because they had been forced to find a new home. The spent £1,400 erecting a ground with a capacity of 20,000, club facilities and levelling the land.cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 53
] When Bradford City were formed in 1903, they took over the ground, playing their first home game on 5 September 1903 against Gainsborough Trinity, drawing a crowd of 11,000. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 170
] Five years later, the club won promotion to Division One, and so commissioned football architect Archibald Leitch to redevelop the ground. The capacity was increased to 40,000 by December 1908 with a 5,300-seater main stand, a terraced paddock in front, a Spion Kop, and an 8,000-capacity Midland Road stand. [cite book
last=Inglis
first=Simon
title=The football grounds of Great Britain
publisher=Willow Books
year=1987
pages=p. 117
isbn=0-00-218249-1
] Its first game against Bristol City on Christmas Day attracted a crowd of 36,000.cite book
last=Dewhirst
first=John
title=City Memories – An Illustrated Record of Bradford City A.F.C.
publisher=True North Books
year=1998
pages=ch. 1
isbn=1-900-463-57-1
] On 11 March 1911, Valley Parade attracted its highest attendance, for an FA Cup game between Bradford City and Burnley during Bradford's FA Cup winning run. [cite web
url=http://www.bradfordcityfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/History/0,,10266~91531,00.html
title=Facts
accessdate=2008-03-11
publisher=Bradford City official website
]

Until 1952, by which time Bradford City had bought the remaining two-thirds of the ground to own it outright,cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 56
] the ground remained virtually unchanged. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 55
] However, twice during the next decade, the club's Midland Road stand had to be demolished. The first investigation was in 1952, following the 1946 Burnden Park disaster, which resulted in the closure of the stand. Its frame was sold to Berwick Rangers and a replacement stand built in 1954. Six years later, the new stand was itself demolished, and Valley Parade remained a three-sided ground until 1966, when the pitch was moved, and a new stand built. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=p. 57
]

On 11 May 1985, Valley Parade was the scene of a fatal fire, during which 56 supporters were killed and at least 265 were injured. The game was the final match of the 1984–85 season, before which City were presented with the Division Three championship trophy. The fire destroyed the main stand in just nine minutes. [cite web
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/may/11/newsid_2523000/2523561.stm
title=BBC On this day - 1985: Fans killed in Bradford stadium fire
accessdate=2008-03-16
publisher=BBC Sport
] The club played its home games at Odsal Stadium, a rugby league ground in Bradford, Elland Road, Leeds, and Leeds Road, the former home of Huddersfield Town, until December 1986, while Valley Parade was redeveloped. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=pp. 60–61
] The club spent £2.6million building a new main stand and improving the Kop, and reopened the new ground on 14 December 1986 for an exhibition match against an England international XI. [cite book
last=Frost
title=Bradford City A Complete Record 1903–1988
pages=pp. 59–60
]

In 1991, the Bradford end of the ground was the next to be redeveloped, and was converted into a two-tier stand with a scoreboard. In 1996, following City's promotion to Division One, club chairman Geoffrey Richmond announced the construction of a 4,500 seater stand on the Midland Road side. Ahead of promotion to the Premiership in 1999, Richmond spent another £6.5million to convert the Kop into a two-tier 7,500-seat capacity stand.cite web
url=http://www.bradfordcityfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/History/0,,10266~400739,00.html
title=Transformation of Valley Parade
accessdate=2008-04-16
publisher=Bradford City official website
] A corner stand between the Kop and main stand was opened in December 2000, taking the capacity to 20,000 for the first time since 1970. [cite news
url=http://archive.thetelegraphandargus.co.uk/2000/12/16/146052.html
title=City to break crowd record
date=2000-12-16
accessdate=2008-03-16
publisher=Telegraph & Argus
] The following summer, the main stand was also converted into a two-tier stand, taking the capacity to 25,136. Further projects were planned until the club went into administration in May 2002 so none have taken place. The following year, Valley Parade was sold to Gibb's pension fund for £5m, with the club's offices, shop and car park sold to London-based Development Securities for an additional £2.5m. [cite news
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/b/bradford_city/3135993.stm
title=Valley Parade sold for £5m
date=2003-08-08
accessdate=2008-04-16
publisher=BBC Sport
] Valley Parade has had several other names under sponsorship naming deals and is now called the Coral Windows Stadium. [cite web
url=http://www.thetelegraphandargus.co.uk/search/display.var.1580765.0.the_coral_windows_stadium.php
title=The Coral Windows Stadium
accessdate=2007-12-30
date=2007-07-29
publisher=Telegraph & Argus
] The club's bantamspast museum is also based above the ground's shop. [cite web
url=http://www.thetelegraphandargus.co.uk/news/newsindex/display.var.1608557.0.bantams_museum_reopens.php
title=Bantams museum reopens
accessdate=2007-12-30
date=2007-08-10
publisher=Bradford City official website
]

upporters

The club spearheaded an initiative in 2007 to slash the price of watching professional football 2007–08 season. [cite web
url=http://www.thetelegraphandargus.co.uk/search/display.var.1359276.0.bradford_city_will_slash_ticket_prices.php
title=Bradford City WILL slash ticket prices
accessdate=2007-12-30
date=2007-04-27
publisher=Telegraph & Argus
] As a result season tickets to watch Bradford City were the cheapest in England at £138, the equivalent of £6 per match. [cite web
url=http://flc.theoffside.com/league-two/bradford-city-set-to-offer-cheapest-season-tickets-in-the-uk.html
title=Bradford City Set to Offer Cheapest Season Tickets in the UK
accessdate=2007-12-30
date=2007-05-24
publisher=TheOffside.com
] When the offer finished at 7pm on Tuesday, 31 July 2007, the club confirmed the amount of season tickets sold was 12,019. [cite web
url=http://www.bradfordcityfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/News/0,,10266~1082906,00.html
title=City break 12,000 Season Ticket barrier
accessdate=2007-12-30
date=2007-08-01
publisher=Bradford City official website
] The scheme enabled the club to top the average league attendances for Football League Two during the 2007–08 season, attracting more than three times more than any other club. The club won the Perform Best Fan Marketing campaign category in The Football League Awards for the scheme. [cite news
url=http://www.telegraphandargus.co.uk/display.var.2087772.0..php
title=Bantams land prestigious award
date=2008-03-03
accessdate=2008-03-04
publisher=Telegraph & Argus
first=Simon
last=Parker
] The club aimed to attract 20,000 fans for the 2008–09 by offering a free season ticket to anyone buying a season ticket as long as 9,000 adults sign up, but they fell 704 short of the target. [cite news
url=http://www.thetelegraphandargus.co.uk/sportbcfc/sportbcfcheadlines/3166954.City_fail_to_hit_magic_9_000_mark/
title=City fail to hit magic 9,000 mark
date=2008-06-16
accessdate=2008-06-16
publisher=Telegraph & Argus
first=Simon
last=Parker
]

Bradford City has two official mascots—City Gent and Billy Bantam.

Rivalry

Although their original neighbours and fierce rivals Bradford (Park Avenue) are now a non-league club, they still engage in a very fierce competition with local rivals Leeds United: they are considered to be the club's most hated rivals in modern times, although it could be said that this is a one-way rivalry: Leeds fans are unlikely to raise the same level of emotion talking about Bradford City that a City fan would in talking of Leeds. This rivalry is mainly due to the two cities' proximity to one another, which has exacerbated in later years because there has been a large following within Bradford choosing to travel the short distance to support Leeds rather than the home town's City. There may be other reasons, including the setting alight of a chip van by Leeds fans during a game between the two sides at Odsal perceived by some as a mockery of the Bradford City disaster. Leeds United's relegation to League One in 2007 may reignite this rivalry, although Bradford's relegation to League Two has removed the possibility that the three major West Yorkshire football teams (Leeds, Bradford and Huddersfield) might be in the same division for the first time since the 1980s in the 2007–08 season.

Also, Huddersfield Town have had roughly the same league status as City for the last couple of decades and so it could be argued that they are City's closest rivals.

Matches against these sides have produced both amazing spectacles and some terrible moments—the 1996–97 season providing examples of both. On 1 February 1997, Huddersfield Town defender Kevin Gray broke the leg of Bradford City striker Gordon Watson in two places with a horrific sliding tackle. Watson was, at that time, the most expensive player in Bradford City's history having cost them £575,000, and was playing in only his third match for the club. He required a six-inch plate and seven screws in his leg. It took Gordon almost two years of recovery and five further operations before he was able to return to football, after which he made just a handful of appearances for City before leaving the club. At Leeds High Court in October 1998 he succeeded in becoming only the second player in the history of football to prove negligence by another player and was later awarded in excess of £900,000 in damages, [cite web
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/3514673.stm
title=Holmes awarded £250,000
accessdate=2007-12-30
date=23 February 2004
publisher=BBC Sport
] [cite web
url=http://www.le.ac.uk/crss/sf-review/98-99/98article5.html
title=Singer & Friedlander Football Review 1998-99 season
accessdate=2007-12-30
date=7 December 2001
publisher=University of Leicester
] making it "the most expensive tackle in British football and legal history".

The return fixture that season was a happier affair. It provided a spectacular display of goals in which City took a 3–0 lead, including one famous goal scored directly from a corner by ex-England star Chris Waddle, before the game swung in Huddersfield's favour as they fought back to the final score of 3–3.

The most recent derby with Huddersfield Town at Galpharm Stadium ended in a 4–0 victory to Town on 12 August 2008.

There are also lesser rivalries with Barnsley, Burnley, Hull City, Oldham Athletic, Sheffield United and Sheffield Wednesday.

Players

:"As of 30 August 2008." [cite web
url=http://www.bradfordcityfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/TeamHome/0,,10266,00.html
title=Team
accessdate=2008-08-01
publisher=Bradford City official website
]

Current squad

Players out on loan

Former players

In 2007 former "Telegraph & Argus" sports journalist David Markham released the book "The Legends of Bradford City", initially written to mark the club's centenary in 2003. It featured biographies of 100 players and staff members from the history of the club. The players were:

*flagicon|ENG Greg Abbott
*flagicon|ENG Bruce Bannister
*flagicon|ENG Sam Barkas
*flagicon|SCO Bobby Bauld
*flagicon|ENG Peter Beagrie
*flagicon|ENG Charlie Bicknell
*flagicon|ENG Robbie Blake
*flagicon|ENG Dicky Bond
*flagicon|ENG Irvine Boocock
*flagicon|SCO Tommy Cairns
*flagicon|NIR Bobby Campbell
*flagicon|SCO Robert Campbell
*flagicon|ENG Eddie Carr
*flagicon|ENG Trevor Cherry
*flagicon|DMA Joe Cooke
*flagicon|ENG Ian Cooper
*flagicon|ENG Terry Dolan
*flagicon|ENG Peter Downsborough
*flagicon|ENG Donald Duckett
*flagicon|ENG Lee Duxbury
*flagicon|ENG Roy Ellam
*flagicon|ENG Mark Ellis
*flagicon|ENG Dave Evans
*flagicon|SCO Jock Ewart
*flagicon|ENG Tommy Flockett
*flagicon|ENG Oscar Fox
*flagicon|ENG David Fretwell
*flagicon|ENG Allan Gilliver
*flagicon|SCO David Gray
*flagicon|ENG John Hall
*flagicon|WAL Tom Hallett
*flagicon|ENG John Hallows
*flagicon|ENG Bobby Ham
*flagicon|ENG Joe Hargreaves
*flagicon|ENG Derek Hawksworth
*flagicon|SCO John Hendrie
*flagicon|ENG George Hinsley
*flagicon|ENG Don Hutchins
*flagicon|ENG Gerry Ingram
*flagicon|ENG David Jackson
*flagicon|ENG Peter Jackson
*flagicon|ENG Peter Jackson
*flagicon|ENG Wayne Jacobs
*flagicon|ENG Paul Jewell
*flagicon|ENG Rod Johnson
*flagicon|ENG Chris Kamara
*flagicon|IRL Jimmy Lawlor
*flagicon|JAM Jamie Lawrence
*flagicon|ENG David Layne
*flagicon|WAL Ken Leek
*flagicon|SCO Peter Logan
*flagicon|SCO Stuart McCall
*flagicon|WAL Sean McCarthy
*flagicon|SCO John McCole
*flagicon|SCO Jimmy McDonald
*flagicon|ENG Roy McFarland
*flagicon|SCO Andy McGill
*flagicon|SCO Jimmy McLaren
*flagicon|SCO David McNiven
*flagicon|ENG John Middleton
*flagicon|SCO Brian Mitchell
*flagicon|ENG Charlie Moore
*flagicon|SCO George Mulholland
*flagicon|WAL George Murphy
*flagicon|ENG Graham Oates
*flagicon|IRL Andy O'Brien
*flagicon|ENG Gavin Oliver
*flagicon|ENG Ian Ormondroyd
*flagicon|SCO Frank O'Rourke
*flagicon|SCO Peter O'Rourke
*flagicon|ENG Harold Peel
*flagicon|SKN Ces Podd
*flagicon|WAL Ivor Powell
*flagicon|ENG John Reid
*flagicon|ENG Dean Richards
*flagicon|ENG Arthur Rigby
*flagicon|ENG George Robinson
*flagicon|ENG Abe Rosenthal
*flagicon|ENG Lee Sinnott
*flagicon|ENG Geoff Smith
*flagicon|SCO Jimmy Speirs
*flagicon|ENG Derek Stokes
*flagicon|ENG Charlie Storer
*flagicon|ENG Bruce Stowell
*flagicon|ENG Paul Tomlinson
*flagicon|SCO Bob Torrance
*flagicon|ENG Whelan Ward
*flagicon|ENG Dickie Watmough
*flagicon|ENG Billy Watson
*flagicon|ENG Garry Watson
*flagicon|ENG Bobby Webb
*flagicon|ENG David Wetherall
*flagicon|ENG Jock Whyte
*flagicon|ENG George Williamson
*flagicon|ENG Dean Windass

taff

Current staff

"Correct as of 20 February 2008" [cite web|url=http://www.bradfordcityfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/WhosWho/0,,10266,00.html|title=Who's Who at Bradford City|accessdate=2008-02-20|publisher=Bradford City official website]

*Manager – flagicon|SCO Stuart McCall
*Assistant manager – flagicon|ENG Wayne Jacobs
*First team coach – flagicon|ENG David Wetherall
*Youth team manager – flagicon|ENG Chris Casper [cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/b/bradford_city/7473027.stm|title=Casper gets Bradford youth role|accessdate=2008-06-25|date=2008-06-25|publisher=BBC]
*Youth coach – flagicon|ENG Dean Richards
*Goalkeeping coach – flagicon|ENG Nigel Martyn
*Under 16s coach – flagicon|ENG Mark Ellis [cite news |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/b/bradford_city/7433823.stm |title=Ellis Returns To Bradford |accessdate=2008-06-25 |date=2008-06-03 |publisher=BBC]
*Football in the community officer – flagicon|ENG Ian Ormondroyd

Former managers

*flagicon|Scotland Robert Campbell (1903–1905)
*flagicon|Scotland Peter O'Rourke (1905–1921)
*flagicon|Scotland David Menzies (1921–1926)
*flagicon|England Colin Veitch (1926–1928)
*flagicon|England Jack Foster (Caretaker manager) (Jan–May 1928)
*flagicon|Scotland Peter O'Rourke (1928–1930)
*flagicon|England Jack Peart (1930–1935)
*flagicon|England Dick Ray (1935–1937)
*flagicon|England Fred Westgarth (1938–1943)
*flagicon|England Bob Sharp (1943–1946)
*flagicon|England Jack Barker (1946–1947)
*flagicon|England Jack Milburn (1947–1948)
*flagicon|Scotland David Steele (1948–1952)
*flagicon|England Albert Harris (Feb–May 1952)
*flagicon|Wales Ivor Powell (1952–1955)
*flagicon|England Peter Jackson (1955–1961)
*flagicon|England Bob Brocklebank (1961–1964)
*flagicon|Wales Bill Harris (1965–1966)
*flagicon|England Willie Watson (1966–1967)
*flagicon|England Grenville Hair (1967–1968)
*flagicon|Scotlandflagicon|WalesJim McAnearney & Tom Hallett (Joint caretaker managers) (Mar–May 1968)
*flagicon|England Jimmy Wheeler (1968–1971)
*flagicon|England Ray Wilson (Player/caretaker manager) (Sep–Nov 1971)
*flagicon|England Bryan Edwards (1971–1975)
*flagicon|Scotland Bobby Kennedy (1975–1978)
*flagicon|Northern Ireland John Napier (Feb–Oct 1978)
*flagicon|Scotland George Mulhall (1978–1981)
*flagicon|England Roy McFarland (1981–1982)
*flagicon|England Trevor Cherry (1982–1987)
*flagicon|England Terry Dolan (1987–1989)
*flagicon|Wales Terry Yorath (1989–1990)
*flagicon|Scotland John Docherty (1990–1991)
*flagicon|Republic of Ireland Frank Stapleton (1991–1994)
*flagicon|England Lennie Lawrence (1994–1995)
*flagicon|England Chris Kamara (1995–1998)
*flagicon|England Paul Jewell (1998–2000)
*flagicon|England Chris Hutchings (May–Nov 2000)
*flagicon|Scotland Stuart McCall (Player/caretaker manager) (Nov 2000)
*flagicon|Scotland Jim Jefferies (2000–2001)
*flagicon|England Steve Smith (Caretaker manager) (Dec 2001)
*flagicon|England Nicky Law (2002–2003)
*flagicon|England "Senior players" [Peter Atherton, Wayne Jacobs, David Wetherall and Dean Windass appointed player/caretaker managers.] (Nov 2003)
*flagicon|England Bryan Robson (2003–2004)
*flagicon|England Colin Todd (2004–2007)
*flagicon|England David Wetherall (Player/caretaker manager) (Feb–May 2007)
*flagicon|Scotland Stuart McCall (June 2007–"present")

tatistics

Honours

League

* Division One:"Runners-up (1):" 1998–99 [ The divisions were renamed in 1992 with the formation of the Premier League meaning Division Two became the new Division One ]

* Division Two:"Winners (1):" 1907–08:"Play-off winners (1):" 1995–96 [ The divisions were renamed in 1992 with the formation of the Premier League meaning Division Three became the new Division Two ]

* Division Three:"Winners (1):" 1984–85

* Division Three (North):"Winners (1):" 1928–29

* Division Four:"Runners-up (1):" 1981–82

Cup

* FA Cup:"Winners (1):" 1911

* Third Division North Challenge Cup:"Winners (1): "1939:"Runners-up (1): "1938

Records

*Record league victory: 11–1 v Rotherham United, Division Three (North), 25 August 1928
*Record FA Cup victory: 11–3 v Walker Celtic, First Round Replay, 1 December 1937
*Record League Cup victoy: 7–2 v Darlington, Second Round Second Leg, 25 September 2000
*Record league defeat: 0–8 v Manchester City, Division Two, 7 May 1927 / 1–9 v Colchester United, Division Four, 30 December 1961
*Record FA Cup defeat: 1–6 v Newcastle United, Third Round, 7 March 1963 / 0–5 v Burnley, Fifth Round Replay, 3 February 1960 / 0–5 v Tottenham Hotspur, Third Round, 7 January 1970
*Record attendance: 39,146 v Burnley, FA Cup Fourth Round, 11 March 1911
*Record gate receipts: £181,990 v Manchester United, Premiership, 13 January 2001
*Longest unbeaten run : 21 1968 to 1969
*Longest run of wins: 10 1983 to 1984
*Most appearances : 574 Ces Podd
*Most league appearances: 502 - Ces Podd
*Most goals scored : 143 - Bobby Campbell
*Most league goals: 121 - Bobby Campbell
*Most goals in a season: 36 - David Layne, 1961–62
*Most goals scored in a match: 7 - Albert Whitehurst v Tranmere Rovers, Division Three (North), 6 March 1929
*Highest transfer fee paid: £2.5 million - David Hopkin, from Leeds United, July 2000
*Highest transfer fee received: £2 million - Des Hamilton, to Newcastle United, March 1997 / Andy O'Brien, to Newcastle United, March 2001
*Most team league goals in a season: 128 - Division Three (North), 1928–29
*Most points (three points for a win): 94 - Division Three, 1984–85
*Most points (two points for a win): 63 - Division Three (North), 1928–29

"All records courtesy of Bradford City F.C. official website". [cite web
url=http://www.bradfordcityfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/News/0,,10266~1032184,00.html
title=Facts
accessdate=2007-12-30
publisher=Bradford City official website
]

ponsors

Team

*2006-pres Bradford & Bingley
*1997-2005 JCT600
*1994-1996 Diamond Seal
*1992-1995 Freemans
*1988-1991 Grattan
*1987-1988 Bradford 'Great' City (Bradford City Council)
*1985-1987 Bradford Mythbreakers (Bradford City Council)
*1983-1984 Toy City
*1982-1983 National Breakdown

Kit

*2004-pres Surridge Sport
*2003-2004 Diadora
*2001-2003 BCFC Leisure
*1999-2001 Asics
*1994-1999 Beaver
*1991-1994 Front Runner
*1988-1991 Bukta
*1985-1988 Admiral
*1982-1985 Patrick

tadium

*July 2007-Pres - Coral Windows
*Jan-July 2007 Intersonic
*2005-2007 Bradford & Bingley
*1995-1999 The Pulse

ee also

*Football in Yorkshire

References

External links

* [http://www.bradfordcityfc.co.uk/ Official Site]
* [http://www.bantamspast.co.uk/ Site of Bradford City's bantamspast museum]


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