- 1st Canadian Tank Brigade
The Ontario Regimentand The Three Rivers Regimentwere transferred from the incomplete 1st Canadian Armoured Divisionto provide the nucleus of 1st Canadian Tank Brigade in February 1941. In March, The Calgary Regimentjoined the new brigade from 2nd Division. The Fort Garry Horsewere also originally part of the brigade, but transferred to the 5th Canadian Armoured Divisionin May 1941.
1st Tank Brigade moved to the UK in the summer of 1941; personnel arrived in the Clyde on
30 Juneand were promptly moved to Salisbury Plainwhere they were issued sufficient Churchill tanks for training. The Calgary Regiment participated in the disastrous Dieppe landing in 1942. Issued brand new M4 "Sherman" tanks, the entire brigade moved to the Mediterranean, with The Three Rivers Regiment participating in the assault landingat Pachino. The remainder of the brigade landed with the follow-up convoy of 13th July and served alongside the Three Rivers Regiment for the final weeks of the brief campaign. 1st Tank Brigade's role in the latter operations was largely one of fire support, the rugged terrain limiting the role of the armoured corps. The fight for Sicilyended with 1st Tank in reserve. Preparing for Operation Baytown, landings on mainland Italy, it was redesignated 1st Canadian Armoured Brigadein August of 1943. Having established a reputation for both courage and skill, the Canadian tankers were in constant demand by British commanders.
:The Ontario Regiment:The Three Rivers Regiment:The Calgary Regiment
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