Hans Luther


Hans Luther

Infobox Chancellor
name =Hans Luther


order =18th Chancellor of Germany
9th Chancellor of the Weimar Republic
term_start =January 15, 1925
term_end =May 12, 1926
president =Friedrich Ebert, Hans Luther (acting), Walter Simons (acting), Paul von Hindenburg
predecessor =Wilhelm Marx
successor =Wilhelm Marx
order2 =Acting President of the German Reich
term_start2 =February 28, 1925
term_end2 =March 12, 1925
predecessor2 =Friedrich Ebert
successor2 =Walter Simons (acting)
birth_date =birth date|1879|3|10|df=y
birth_place =Berlin
death_date =death date and age|1962|5|11|1879|3|10|df=y
death_place =Düsseldorf
profession =lawyer
party =None

Hans Luther (10 March 1879–11 May 1962) was a German politician and Chancellor of Germany.

Born in Berlin, Luther started in politics in 1907 by becoming the town councillor in Magdeburg. He continued on becoming secretary of the German Städtetag in 1913 and then mayor of Essen in 1918. In December 1922, Chancellor Wilhelm Cuno appointed Luther minister of Food and Agriculture.

He kept his position in 1924 when Wilhelm Marx become Chancellor. In 1925, he was appointed Chancellor of Germany, but Marx resumed office the following year. Luther also briefly served as acting President of Germany following the death of Friedrich Ebert.

In 1930, Hans Luther was made president of Reichsbank. Soon after he was made German ambassador to the United States, a position he held from 1933 to 1937, after which he retired.

In 1933 Luther, lectured at the Columbia University campus. Luther's speech stressed Hitler's "peaceful intentions" toward his European neighbors. Nicholas Murray Butler, Columbia's president, rejected student appeals to cancel the invitation, calling the request "illiberal" and citing the need for academic freedom. [ [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30B16FF3F5516738DDDA90A94D9415B838FF1D3&scp=1 "DR. BUTLER REFUSES TO BAR NAZI ENVOY; Columbia Head Rejects Plea by Students to Cancel Dr. Luther's Address. CALLS REQUEST ILLIBERAL Stresses Need for Academic Freedom -- Club Is Reported Planning Demonstration."] , "The New York Times", November 20, 1933. Accessed August 28, 2008.] After Luther's speech, Butler held a reception in his honor. [http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/la-et-rutten29sep29,0,1222354.story?coll=la-headlines-calendar ]

After the Second World War, Luther came out of retirement to become an advisor for the new government.

He died in Düsseldorf.

Hans Luther's First Cabinet, January - December 1925

*Hans Luther, Chancellor
*Gustav Stresemann (DVP), Minister of Foreign Affairs
*Martin Schiele (DNVP), Minister of the Interior
*Otto von Schlieben (DNVP), Minister of Finance
*Albert Neuhaus (DNVP), Minister of Economics
*Heinrich Brauns (Z), Minister of Labour
*Josef Frenken (Z), Minister of Justice
*Otto Geßler (DDP), Minister of Defence
*Karl Stingl (BVP), Minister of Posts
*Rudolf Krohne (DVP), Minister of Transport
*Gerhard Graf von Kanitz, Minister of Food

Changes
*October 26, 1925 - Schiele, Schlieben, and Neuhaus resign from the Cabinet. They are replaced on an acting basis by Gessler (who remains also Defense Minister) at Interior, Luther (who remains also Chancellor) at Finance, and Krohne (who remains also Transport Minister) at Economics.
*November 21, 1925 - Frenken resigns as Justice Minister and is replaced on a temporary basis by Chancellor Luther

Luther's Second Cabinet (January - May 1926)

*Hans Luther, Chancellor
*Gustav Stresemann (DVP), Minister of Foreign Affairs
*Wilhelm Külz (DDP), Minister of the Interior
*Peter Reinhold (DDP), Minister of Finance
*Julius Curtius (DVP), Minister of Economics
*Heinrich Brauns (Z), Minister of Labour
*Wilhelm Marx (Z), Minister of Justice
*Otto Geßler (DDP), Minister of Defence
*Karl Stingl (BVP), Minister of Posts
*Rudolf Krohne (DVP), Minister of Transport
*Heinrich Haslinde (Z), Minister of Food

ee also

*Martin Luther (1895–1945), German diplomat

References


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