Yeşilköy (prior to 1926 known as "San Stefano" or "Santo Stefano", Greek: "Άγιος Στέφανος" pronounced "Ayios Stefanos", rendered in Turkish as "Ayastefanos", _bg. Сан Стефано) is a part of the
Bakırköydistrict of Istanbul, Turkey. It is located along the Marmara Seaabout seven miles west of Istanbul's historic city centre. Before the rapid increase of Istanbul's population in the 1970s, Yeşilköy was merely a village and a sea resort.
Its original name (Άγιος Στέφανος, pronounced Aghios Stephanos, Greek for
Saint Stephen) derives from a Byzantinetimes, the ship carrying the bones of the saint from Constantinopleto Romewas forced to stop here because of a storm. The bones were taken to a church until the sea calmed down, and this gave the name to the church and to the place.
In 1203, on the beach of Agios Stefanos, the Latin Army of the Crusaders landed, which one year later would conquer Constantinople during the
In the 19th century, the whole village was owned by the powerful Armenian "Dadyan" family, which got it as a gift from the
Sultanafter they refused to emigrate abroad.
Crimean War, the French forces were stationed here, and built one of the three historic lighthouses of Istanbul still in use. Yeşilköy is also where the Russian forces stopped at the end of the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878)and was the location where the Treaty of San Stefanowas signed between Russiaand the Ottoman Empire. In 1909, the decision to send Sultan Abdülhamid IIin exile to Thessalonikiwas taken by the members of the Committee of Union and Progressin Yeşilköy.
In 1912, during the
Balkan Wars, thousands of soldiers sick because of Cholerawere brought here, and about 3,000 of them died and were buried near the train station.
In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Yeşilköy was a favourite coastal resort and hunting place for Istanbul's upper class, and had a mixed population, made of Turks, Greeks, (now almost completely emigrated), Armenians (who still live there in numbers) and
Levantines(Italian and French people of Istanbul). As a legacy of the district's continuing cosmopolitan character, an Italian mission, an Italian Catholic church and cemetery, Armenian churches and Greek churches still exist in the area. All the churches are dedicated to St. Stephen.
The village got its present name (Yeşilköy: "Green Village" in Turkish) in 1926, because of the legislation which imposed to give a Turkish name to each community. The name was given by the writer "Halit Ziya Uşakligil", who lived here.
Yeşilköy – whose population is mainly affluent - retains some notable examples of wooden
Art Nouveauhouses built between the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries. It has a Marina and beautiful sandy beaches.
Atatürk International Airport, formerly known as the Yeşilköy Airport, is located in this district. Turkish Air ForceAcademy and Aviation Museum are also in Yeşilköy, where the first air base of the Ottoman Air Forcewas established in 1909-1911.
Yeşilköy has a station for the suburban railway line between Sirkeci and Halkalı. The first station was built in 1871, and contributed to neighbourhood's boom as a popular resort.
Yeşilköy borders the neighbourhoods of Yeşilyurt to the northeast, and
Floryato the southwest.
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Yeşilköy — (türkisch: „grünes Dorf“) ist der Name mehrerer Orte in der Türkei: Yeşilköy, Viertel des Istanbuler Stadtteils Bakırköy, Standort des Flughafens Istanbul Atatürk Yeşilköy (Yumurtalik), Stadt im Landkreis Yumurtalik der Provinz Adana Yeşilköy… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Yeşilköy — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Yeşilköy signifiant en turc Village vert est un toponyme très répandu, le site turc fait une liste d environ 90 lieux s appelant ainsi : Voir (tr)… … Wikipédia en Français
Yeşilköy — Coordenadas: 40°58′0″N 28°50′0″E / 40.96667, 28.83333 … Wikipedia Español
Yeşilköy — Sp Ješilkėjus Ap Yeşilköy Sp San Stèfanas Ap San Stefano L Turkija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Yesilkoy — or formerly San Stefano geographical name town Turkey in Europe on Sea of Marmara W of Istanbul … New Collegiate Dictionary
Yesilköy — /ye sheel koy /, n. a town in Turkey, near Istanbul. Formerly, San Stefano. * * * … Universalium
Yeşilköy — Ye•şil•köy [[t]ˌyɛʃ ilˈkɔɪ[/t]] n. geg a town in Turkey, near Istanbul Formerly, San Stefano … From formal English to slang
Yeşilköy — /ˌjɛʃilˈkɔɪ/ (say .yesheel koy) noun → San Stefano … Australian English dictionary
Yesilköy — /ye sheel koy /, n. a town in Turkey, near Istanbul. Formerly, San Stefano … Useful english dictionary
Yesilköy (Bakırköy) — Yeşilköy (Bakırköy) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Yeşilköy. Yeşilköy (en turc : village vert) est un quartier du district de Bakırköy d Istanbul en Turquie. Le district est situé sur la rive européenne. Yeşilköy contient l aéroport… … Wikipédia en Français