Glebe


Glebe

In the Roman Catholic and Anglican church traditions, a glebe was an area of land belonging to a benefice. This was property (in addition to the parsonage house and grounds) which vested in the incumbent by right of his incumbency. Glebe included a wide variety of properties including farms, individual fields, shops, houses, factories etc. An incumbent was entitled to retain the glebe for his own use if he wished (for instance, some incumbents farmed their own land) or he could let it and any income formed part of the stipend.

Glebe associated with the Church of England ceased to belong to individual incumbents as from 1 April 1978, by virtue of the Endowments and Glebe Measure 1976; instead, it became vested on that date, "without any conveyance or other assurance," in the Diocesan Board of Finance of the diocese to which the benefice owning the glebe belonged, even if the glebe was in another diocese.

United States

In the American colonies of Great Britain where the Church of England was the established religion, glebe land was distributed by the colonial government, and was often farmed or rented out by the church rector to cover living expenses. This practice was no longer observed following the disestablishment of state churches that accompanied the American Revolution. The many roads in the eastern United States and other former British colonial possessions that bear this name once ran past a church glebe property.

ee also

*Demesne
*Manorialism


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  • glèbe — glèbe …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • glèbe — [ glɛb ] n. f. • XVe; lat. gleba 1 ♦ Vx Motte de terre. Écraser les glèbes. 2 ♦ Littér. Champ, sol cultivé. Le « paysan qui ne veut pas se départir de sa glèbe » (Sand). ♢ Féod. Fonds de terre auquel les serfs étaient attachés et qu ils devaient… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Glebe — • Originally signified, in common law, any farm, estate, or parcel of land, and the word is so used in the Theodosian Code. But in ecclesiastical law it has become the technical term for land permanently assigned for the maintenance of the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • glebe — GLEBE. Motte de terre. Il ne se dit qu en termes de Pratique & de Coutume, & signifie, Un heritage. Nul fief sans glebe. les hommes de main morte sont attachez à la glebe. le patronage suit la glebe …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Glebe — Glebe, n. [F. gl[ e]be, L. gleba, glaeba, clod, land, soil.] 1. A lump; a clod. [1913 Webster] 2. Turf; soil; ground; sod. [1913 Webster] Fertile of corn the glebe, of oil, and wine. Milton. [1913 Webster] 3. (Eccl. Law) The land belonging, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • glébé — glébé, ée (entrée créée par le supplément) (glé bé, bée) adj. Ancien terme de droit féodal. Qui appartient à la glèbe. •   Pour invoquer cet usage [l usage féodal de prendre les titres de dignité attachés aux terres qu on possédait], il faudrait… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • glèbe — (la): S apitoyer sur la glèbe …   Dictionnaire des idées reçues

  • glebe — c.1300, from O.Fr. glebe, from L. gleba, glaeba clod, lump of earth, from PIE *glebh to roll into a ball (Cf. L. globus sphere; O.E. clyppan to embrace; Lith. glebys armful, globti to embrace, support ). Earliest English sense is …   Etymology dictionary

  • glebe — [glēb] n. [ME < L gleba, clod, lump of earth (in ML(Ec), glebe), akin to globus: see GLOBE] 1. a piece of church land forming part or all of a benefice 2. Archaic soil; earth; esp., a piece of cultivated land …   English World dictionary

  • glebe — land belonging to the Church. Collins dictionary of law. W. J. Stewart. 2001 …   Law dictionary

  • glebe — [ glib ] noun count LITERARY a piece of land belonging to the Church …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English


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