- Passer rating
**Passer rating**(known as**passing efficiency**or**pass efficiency**inNCAA football ) is a measure of the performance ofquarterback s or any other passers inAmerican football (gridiron) andCanadian football . There are at least two formulae currently in use: one officially used by theNational Football League and theCanadian Football League , and one used incollege football . Passer rating is calculated using each quarterback's completion percentage, passing yardage,touchdown s andinterception s.**CFL and NFL**The NFL's current passer rating (also known as quarterback rating) system was conceived by

Pro Football Hall of Fame 's retired vice president Don Smith in1973 . The system is a sliding scale design, where outstanding performances meetdiminishing returns faster than sub-par ones. The best passer rating that a quarterback can obtain is 158.3, while the worst is zero. The architects of the passer rating had 66.6 in mind as the "average" score, but as styles of play have changed, so have average passer ratings. The cumulative league-wide average passer rating for the years 2000 through 2003, all inclusive, was 78.9 (the figure is typically rounded to the nearest 1/10 of a point); however in 2004 the league average was 82.8. In 2007, the average was 83.5. Passer rating has been applied to all seasons.**Calculation**Passer rating is determined by four statistical components, each of which is computed as a number between zero and 2.375. The benchmarks for these statistics are based on historical averages. If any of the raw components are beyond the limits of zero or 2.375, the component is set to limiting value of zero or 2.375 as the case may be.

* The component for completion percentage, "C", is calculated as: $$COMP over ATT} imes 100 - 30 over 20}* The component for yards per attempt, "Y", is calculated as: $left(\; \{\; YDS\; over\; ATT\; \}\; -\; 3\; ight)\; imes\; \{\; 1\; over\; 4\; \}$

* The component for touchdowns per attempt, "T", is calculated as: $\{\; TD\; over\; ATT\; \}\; imes\; 20$

* The component for interceptions per attempt, "I", is calculated as: $2.375\; -\; left(\; \{\; INT\; over\; ATT\; \}\; imes\; 25\; ight)$

The four components are then added, divided by 6, and multiplied by 100. Thus, the formula for passer rating can be given as:

$\{max(min(C,2.375),0)\; +\; max(min(Y,2.375),0)\; +\; max(min(T,2.375),0)\; +\; max(min(I,2.375),0)\; over\; 6\}\; imes\; 100$.

TheCanadian Football League uses the same formula as the NFL. [*http://www.mortgageloancalculating.com/quarterback-rating-calculator.html*]**Perfect and Zero NFL passer ratings**Since each component of passer rating can be at most 2.375, the maximum passer rating is

$\{4\; imes\; 2.375\; over\; 6\}\; imes\; 100\; =\; 158.3$.

A perfect passer rating therefore comprises all of the following:

* a completion percentage of at least 77.5%: $2.375\; imes\; 20\; +\; 30\; =\; 77.5$

* at least 12.5 yards per attempt: $2.375\; imes\; 4\; +\; 3\; =\; 12.5$

* at least 0.11875 touchdowns per attempt, or at most 8.42 attempts per touchdown: $\{2.375\; over\; 20\}\; =\; 0.11875$ and

* zero interceptions: $\{ATT\; imes\; (2.375\; -\; 2.375)\; over\; 25\}\; =\; 0$

A zero passer rating comprises all of the following:

* a completion percentage of at most 30%: $0\; imes\; 20\; +\; 30\; =\; 30$

* 3 yards per attempt or less: $0\; imes\; 4\; +\; 3\; =\; 3$

* zero touchdowns: $\{0\; over\; 20\}\; =\; 0$

* at least 9.5 percent interceptions: $\{ATT\; imes\; (2.375\; -\; 0)\; over\; 25\}\; =\; 0.095$

A passer who does not throw an interception has a minimum rating of 39.6.

**NCAA**Passer rating, known formally in

college football aspassing efficiency or pass efficiency, is based on player performances. The NCAA passing efficiency formula is:* The component for completion percentage, "C", is calculated as: $\{COMP\; over\; ATT\}\; imes\; 100$

* The component for yards per attempt, "Y", is calculated as: $\{YDS\; over\; ATT\}\; imes\; 8.4$

* The component for touchdowns per attempt, "T", is calculated as: $\{TD\; over\; ATT\; \}\; imes\; 330$

* The component for interceptions per attempt, "I", is calculated as: $\{\; INT\; over\; ATT\; \}\; imes\; -200$

The four components are then added. Thus, the formula for passer rating can be given as: $\{(C\; +\; Y\; +\; T\; +\; I)\}$ The NCAA passer rating has an upper limit of 1,261.6 and a lower limit of -731.6. The upper limit value results if every pass thrown is a 99-yard touchdown and the lower limit if every pass is thrown for a 99-yard loss. A passer who throws only interceptions will have a -200 rating. [

*http://football.stassen.com/pass-eff/*]**Records****CFL**In CFL football

Dave Dickenson of theCalgary Stampeders andBritish Columbia Lions has produced some of the highest professional passing efficiency numbers. Although limited by injuries in 2005, he set two regular season records with a 74 percent completion percentage and an efficiency rating of 118.8. His numbers for the year were: 253/342, 3338 yards, 74% completion rate, 21 TDs, 5 INTs. He opened the 2006 season by setting a CFL single-game passing efficiency rating record of 150.61. He capped 3 of the 4 criteria for passing efficiency and was 28/34, 362 yards, 5 TDs, 0 INTs.**NFL**Steve Young currently holds the NFL record for the highest career passer rating for any player with at least 1500 attempts with a mark of 96.8. The highest passer rating for a complete season is 121.1 set by

Peyton Manning in 2004. Also in 2004, rookieBen Roethlisberger posted a mark of 98.1, setting a new record for first-year passers. There have been 34 quarterbacks to complete a game with a perfect passer rating of 158.3 (and only 4 to have accomplished this more than once), the most recent beingKurt Warner in 2008. Only Warner, Roethlisberger and Manning have three career perfect games. Roethlisberger has recorded three of the last seven perfect games in the NFL.**NCAA**In

NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision (formerly division I-A), the career record for passing efficiency is held byRyan Dinwiddie of Boise State, who had a career mark of 168.9 between 2000 and 2003. The single-season record belongs toColt Brennan ofHawaii , who amassed a passer rating of 186.0 over the 2006 season, while the freshman record belongs toMichael Vick ofVirginia Tech , whose rating during the 1999 season was 180.4. Current NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision passing efficiency ratings can be found [*http://web1.ncaa.org/d1mfb/natlRank.jsp?year=2008&div=4&rpt=IA_playerpasseff here*] .**ee also***

List of NFL quarterbacks who have posted a perfect passer rating

*List of NFL quarterbacks who have posted a passer rating of zero **External links and references*** [

*http://www.nfl.com/help/quarterbackratingformula NFL.com QB Rating Page*]

* [*http://www.johnny-web.com/qb.htm Online QB Rating Calculator. NFL formula.*]

* [*http://www.primecomputing.com/ Online passer rating calculator for NFL/CFL, NCAA and AFL formulas*]

* [*http://www.profootballhof.com/history/story.jsp?story_id=2355 All-Time Top NFL Passer Ratings List*]

* [*http://brucey.net/nflab/statistics/qb_rating.html QB Rating Calculator*]

* [*http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940CEFD61330F937A25752C0A9629C8B63 New York Times - The N.F.L.'s Passer Rating, Arcane and Misunderstood - January 14, 2004*]

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**List of NFL quarterbacks who have posted a perfect passer rating**— In the National Football League, the highest official passer rating that a quarterback can achieve is 158.3, which is considered a perfect passer rating. Thirty five quarterbacks have had a perfect game since the advent of passer ratings in… … Wikipedia**List of NFL quarterbacks who have posted a passer rating of zero**— In the National Football League, the lowest official passer rating that a quarterback can achieve is 0.0. To qualify, a quarterback must have at least 10 pass attempts, zero touchdowns, a completion percentage of 30% or less, average less than 3… … Wikipedia**NFL career passer rating leaders**— Quarterbacks in the National Football League are often compared using a number derived by using a formula called passer rating. The higher the number, the more proficient the quarterback is often considered. This rating ranges from 0 to 158.3.… … Wikipedia**List of National Football League passer rating leaders**— ! header 1! header 2! header 3 row 1, cell 1 row 1, cell 2 row 1, cell 3Player TenureRating Steve Young 1985 1999 96.8 … Wikipedia**QB Rating**— Das Quarterback Rating, auch Passer Rating, ist ein statistischer Wert, der die Leistung eines Quarterbacks seine Passfähigkeiten betreffend beschreiben und vergleichbar machen soll. In der National Football League wird dieser Wert seit 1960… … Deutsch Wikipedia**Quarterback Rating**— Das Quarterback Rating, auch Passer Rating, ist ein statistischer Wert, der die Leistung eines Quarterbacks seine Passfähigkeiten betreffend beschreiben und vergleichbar machen soll. In der National Football League wird dieser Wert seit 1960… … Deutsch Wikipedia**football**— /foot bawl /, n. 1. a game in which two opposing teams of 11 players each defend goals at opposite ends of a field having goal posts at each end, with points being scored chiefly by carrying the ball across the opponent s goal line and by place… … Universalium**Peyton Manning**— Infobox NFLactive caption=Peyton Manning during the 2007 season. currentteam=Indianapolis Colts currentnumber=18 currentposition=Quarterback birthdate=birth date and age|1976|3|24 birthplace=New Orleans, Louisiana heightft=6 heightin=5 weight=230 … Wikipedia**Steve Young (American football)**— Infobox NFLretired name=Steve Young width=120px caption= Steve Young in 1990 position=Quarterback number=8 birthdate=birth date and age|1961|10|11 Salt Lake City, Utah debutyear=1985 finalyear=1999 suppdraftyear=1984 suppdraftround=1… … Wikipedia**Ben Roethlisberger**— Infobox NFLactive name=Ben Roethlisberger width=200 caption=Ben Roethlisberger during the Super Bowl XL champions ceremony in Pittsburgh currentteam=Pittsburgh Steelers currentnumber=7 currentpositionplain=Quarterback birthdate=birth date and… … Wikipedia