Valve stem


Valve stem

A valve stem is a self-contained valve which opens to admit gas to a chamber (such as air to inflate a tire), and is then automatically closed and kept sealed by the pressure in the chamber, or a spring, or both, to prevent the gas from escaping. They are most commonly used on automobile and bicycle wheels, but also for many other applications.

Contents

Schrader

Schrader valve stem

Schrader valves (also called American valves) consist of a valve stem into which a poppet valve is threaded with a spring attached. They are used on virtually all automobile tires, and in the United States, on most wider rimmed bicycle tires. In addition to tires, Schrader valves of varying diameters are used in refrigeration and air conditioning systems, plumbing, fuel injection engines, suspension systems, and SCUBA regulators, allowing the user to remove and attach the hose while in use.

Presta

Presta valve stem

Presta valves (also called Sclaverand valves or French valves) are normally only used on bicycles. The stem has a narrower diameter (nominally 6 mm) than the thinnest (nominally 8 mm) Schrader type, and so the bore of the hole in the rim through which the stem passes can be smaller.[citation needed]

Dunlop (or Woods)

Dunlop (or Woods) valve stem

Dunlop valves, (also called Woods valves or English valves) were once popular in Great Britain. They are still widely used on bicycle tires in many countries (Japan,[1] India, Russia, the Netherlands, Germany, Finland, Sweden, and developing countries), especially on low to medium priced[citation needed] bicycles.

Others

Many other valves exist that are used only in certain regions or for limited purposes.

For example the "Regina Valve" is a valve very much similar to the Presta and mostly being used in Italy. Invisible tire valves are different in design from traditional tire valves. An inflator stem is not used; instead, a removable cap on a valve stem embedded in the tire rim is fitted, with only the cap visible. When inflating the tire, the cap is first removed, typically with a coin, and then a "portable" dedicated inflator stem is screwed onto the valve stem. Through the inflator the tire is inflated as usual.

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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