Edward B. Lewis


Edward B. Lewis

Infobox Scientist
name = Edward B. Lewis
box_width =


image_width =100px
caption = Edward B. Lewis
birth_date = May 20, 1918
birth_place = Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
death_date = July 21, 2004
death_place =
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = American
ethnicity =
field = genetics
work_institutions =
alma_mater = California Institute of Technology
doctoral_advisor = Alfred Sturtevant
doctoral_students =
known_for = Research into genetics of the common fruit fly
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes = 1995 Nobel Prize in Medicine
religion =
footnotes =

Edward B. Lewis (May 20, 1918 – July 21, 2004) was an American geneticist, the winner of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Medicine.

Lewis was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania and graduated from E.L. Meyers High School. He received a BA in Biostatistics from the University of Minnesota in 1939, where he worked on "Drosophila melanogaster" in the lab of C.P. Oliver. In 1942 Lewis received a Ph.D. from California Institute of Technology (Caltech), working under the guidance of Alfred Sturtevant. After serving as a meteorologist in the U.S. Air Force in World War II, Lewis joined the Caltech faculty in 1946 as an instructor. In 1956 he was appointed Professor of Biology, and in 1966 the Thomas Hunt Morgan Professor of Biology. Among his many awards were the Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal (1983), the Gairdner Foundation International award (1987), the Wolf Foundation prize in medicine (1989), the Rosenstiel award (1990), the National Medal of Science (1990), the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research (1991), and the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize (1992).

His Nobel Prize winning studies with Drosophila founded the field of developmental genetics and laid the groundwork for our current understanding of the universal, evolutionarily conserved strategies controlling animal development. He is credited with development of the complementation test. His key publications in the fields of genetics, developmental biology, radiation and cancer are presented in the book "Genes, Development and Cancer", which was released in 2004.

References

*Citation
id = PMID:15611154
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15611154
last=Crow
first=James F
last2=Bender
first2=Welcome
publication-date=2004 Dec
year=2004
title=Edward B. Lewis, 1918-2004.
volume=168
issue=4
periodical=Genetics
pages=1773-83

*Citation
id = PMID:15469837
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15469837
last=Duncan
first=Ian
last2=Celniker
first2=Susan E
publication-date=2004 Oct
year=2004
title=In memoriam: Edward B. Lewis (1918-2004).
volume=7
issue=4
periodical=Dev. Cell
pages=487-9
doi = 10.1016/j.devcel.2004.09.005

*Citation
id = PMID:15381844
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15381844
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publication-date=2004 Sep
year=2004
title=Edward B Lewis (1918-2004).
volume=29
issue=3
periodical=J. Biosci.
pages=231-3

*Citation
id = PMID:15380080
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15380080
last=Winchester
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publication-date=2004 Sep 21
year=2004
title=Edward B. Lewis 1918-2004.
volume=14
issue=18
periodical=Curr. Biol.
pages=R740-2
doi = 10.1016/j.cub.2004.09.007

*Citation
id = PMID:15356617
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15356617
last=Scott
first=Matthew P
last2=Lawrence
first2=Peter A
publication-date=2004 Sep 9
year=2004
title=Obituary: Edward B. Lewis (1918-2004).
volume=431
issue=7005
periodical=Nature
pages=143
doi = 10.1038/431143a

*Citation
id = PMID:15341018
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15341018
last=Tannen
first=Terrell
publication-date=
year=
title=Edward B. Lewis.
volume=364
issue=9435
periodical=Lancet
pages=658
doi = 10.1016/S0140-6736(04)16878-5

*Citation
id = PMID:10892797
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10892797
last=Raju
first=T N
publication-date=2000 Jul 1
year=2000
title=The Nobel chronicles. 1995: Edward B Lewis (b 1918), Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard (b 1942), and Eric Francis Wieschaus (b 1947).
volume=356
issue=9223
periodical=Lancet
pages=81

*Citation
id = PMID:8545917
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8545917
last=Vennström
first=B
last2=Lagerkrantz
first2=H
publication-date=1995 Dec 11
year=1995
title= [The 1995 Nobel Prize in medicine or physiology--awarded Edward B. Lewis, Christiane Nusslein-Volhard and Eric Wieschaus]
volume=157
issue=50
periodical=Ugeskr. Laeg.
pages=6999-702

*Citation
id = PMID:8731586
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8731586
last=Etcheverry
first=G J
publication-date=1995
year=1995
title= [Nobel prize of physiology or medicine 1955: Edward B. Lewis, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Eric Wieschaüs. The flies and the keys of the embryonic development]
volume=55
issue=6
periodical=Medicina (B Aires)
pages=715-7

See also

*Transvection (genetics)

External links

* [http://eands.caltech.edu/articles/LXVII4/lewis.html Caltech obituary]
* [http://www.cumc.columbia.edu/horwitz/ The Official Site of Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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