1527


1527

Year 1527 (MDXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events of 1527

January - June


* January 1 - Parliament on Cetin: Ferdinand of Austria is elected King of Croatia.
* January 5 - Felix Manz, co-founder of the Swiss Anabaptists, is drowned in the Limmat in Zürich by the Zürich Reformed state church.
* March 17 - Battle of Khanwa: This and two other major Moghul victories lead to the domination of northern India.
* May 6 - Spanish and German troops led by the Duke of Bourbon sack Rome (the infamous Sacco di Roma), forcing Pope Clement VII to make peace with Charles V.
* May 16 - In Florence, the Piagnon, a group devoted to the memory of Girolamo Savonarola, drive out the Medici for a second time, and Florence re-establishes a republic that lasts until 1530.
*June 17: The Narváez expedition to conquer Florida set sail from Spain.

July - December


* August 3 - The first known letter is sent from North America by John Rut while at St. John's, Newfoundland.
* August 20 - Sixty Anabaptists meet at the Martyrs' Synod.

Undated

* The Spanish conquest of Guatemala highlands is completed; the first Guatemala City (Ciudad Vieja) is founded.
* Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Montejo invades Yucatán.
* Battle of Tokay: Ferdinand, future Holy Roman Emperor, defeats John Zápolya and takes over most of Hungary. John appeals to the Turks for help.
* The Protestant Reformation begins in Sweden.
* Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi of Somalia defeats the Ethiopian army with his new firearms.
* Members of the University of Wittenberg flee to Jena in fear of the bubonic plague.
* Bishop Vesey's Grammar School in Sutton Coldfield, West Midlands, UK is founded by Bishop John Vesey.
* The Ming Dynasty government of China greatly reduces the quotas for taking grain, severely diminishing the state's capacity to relieve famines through a previously successful granary system.
* The High Renaissance ends.

Births


* February 17 - Charles of Guise, French cardinal (d. 1574)
* March 21 - Hermann Finck, German composer and music theorist (d. 1558)
* April 14 - Abraham Ortelius, Flemish cartographer and geographer (d. 1598)
* July 13 - John Dee, English mathematician, astronomer, and geographer (d. 1608)
* July 31 - Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1576)
* October 21 - Louis I, Cardinal of Guise, French cardinal (d. 1578)
*"date unknown"
**Giuseppe Arcimboldo, Italian artist (d. 1593)
**Luis Ponce de León, Spanish lyric poet (d. 1591)
**Sakuma Nobumori, Japanese retainer and samurai (d. 1581)
**Annibale Padovano, Italian composer and organist (d. 1575)
*"probable"
**Lawrence Humphrey, English clergyman and educator (d. 1590)

: "See also ."

Deaths


* January 5 - Felix Manz, leader of the Swiss Anabaptist (executed) (b. 1498)
* January 21 - Juan de Grijalva, Spanish conquistador (b. 1489)
* March 17 - Rana Sanga, Indian leader (at the Battle of Khanwa)
* May - Thomas Docwra, Grand Prior of the Knights Hospitaller (b. 1458)
* May 6 - Charles III, Duke of Bourbon, Count of Montpensier and Dauphin of Auvergne (b.1490)
* June 21 - Niccolò Machiavelli, Italian writer and statesman (b. 1469)
* July 28 - Rodrigo de Bastidas, Spanish conquistador and explorer (b. c. 1460)
* October 27 - Johann Froben, printer and publisher (b. c. 1460)
* November 15- Catherine of York Aunt of Henry VIII (b. 1479)
* November 28 - Jerome Emser, German theologian (b. 1477)
*"date unknown"
**Francesco Colonna, Italian Dominican priest (b. 1433)
**Div Sultan Rumlu, Persian military leader
**Petrus Thaborita, Dutch historian and monk (b. c. 1450)
**Cristoforo Solari, Italian sculptor and architect (b. c. 1460)
**Jan "Ciężki" Tarnowski, Polish nobleman (b. c. 1479)
*"probable"
**Jane Shore, most notorious mistress of King Edward IV of England

: "See also ."


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