party_name = Russian United Democratic Party "Yabloko"
colorcode = green
website = [http://www.yabloko.ru/ www.Yabloko.ru] The Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko (Russian: Российская объединённая демократическая партия "Яблоко" "Rossiyskaya obyedinyonnaya demokraticheskaya partiya "Yabloko"; ( _ru. Яблоко - "
Apple") is a Russian social liberal party founded by Grigory Yavlinskyand currently led by Sergey Mitrokhin.
The party stands for the greater freedom and
civil libertiesin Russia, for greater integration with the West and membership in the European Union, and for an end to the Second Chechen War. The party opposes President Vladimir Putinfor what they see as his increasing authoritarianismand has called for the removal of his elected government "by constitutional means."
"Yabloko" is an
acronymof the names of its founders: Я (Ya) for Grigory Yavlinsky; Б (B) for Yuri Boldyrev, and Л (L) for Vladimir Lukin. The name means "apple" in Russian. The party logoconsists of a red circle and a green isosceles triangle, suggesting an apple in a constructivist style (coincidentally similar to the logo of the Parti Québécoisof Quebec). The party was originally established as a public organization in 1993 and transformed into a political party in 2001. It contested the legislative elections of 1993, 1995, 1999, and 2003, with the following results (including deputies elected on the party-list proportional as well as the single-member districts:
It is argued that the vote-count in the 2003 Russian parliamentary election was marred by fraud.Fact|date=February 2007 Some exit-polls and parallel recounts conducted by opposition observers showed that Yabloko crossed the 5% threshold needed for parliamentary representation, gaining 6% of the vote, which should have been translated into some 20 parliamentary seats.Fact|date=February 2007
Vladimir Putinhimself telephoned Yavlinsky on the night of the election to congratulate his party on making it back into the Duma. However, most of these polls had a high margin of error (plus or minus three percent) and only showed Yabloko obtaining seats by a tiny margin. Official results announced by the Central Election Commissiongave Yabloko 4.30% of the vote and no seats on the proportional party-list system. Only four Yabloko candidates won in individual district races and were elected to the Duma.
4 December 2005 Yabloko-United Democrats, a coalition formed by Yabloko and the Union of Right Forces, won 11% of the vote in the Moscow municipal elections and became one of only three parties (along with United Russiaand the Communist Party) to enter the new Moscow City Duma. This success was seen by Yabloko leaders as a hopeful sign for the 2007 Russian parliamentary election, and reinforced the view that Yabloko and the Union of Right Forcesneed to unite in order to be elected to the State Duma in 2007.
Commission on the Unification of Democratic Forces, under the chairmanship of Boris Nemtsov, was established by the Union of Right Forceson February 16, 2006. However, the merger plans were discarded in December 2006 since the differences seemed too large. [ [http://en.rian.ru/russia/20061216/57026260.html RIA Novosti - Russia - Russian liberal SPS, Yabloko parties give up unification plans ] ]
The Russian Democratic Party Yabloko had been an observer of the
Liberal Internationalsince 2002, and became a full member after the ELDR Bucharest congress in October 2006. The party's central office is located in Moscow.
Russian legislative election, 2007, Yabloko lost its representation in the State Duma.
Liberalism in Russia
* [http://www.eng.yabloko.ru/ Yabloko] official site (in English)
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