- Fasciculus cuneatus
Name = Fasciculus cuneatus
Latin = fasciculus cuneatus medullae spinalis
GraySubject = 185
GrayPage = 763
Caption = Fasciculus cuneatus is 3b, in blue at upper right.
Caption2 = Diagram of the principal fasciculi of the spinal cord.
DorlandsPre = f_03
DorlandsSuf = 12355858
The fasciculus cuneatus (tract of Burdach, named for
Karl Friedrich Burdach) is a bundle of nerves in the spinal cord which primarily transmits information from the arms. It is part of the posterior column-medial lemniscus pathway.
The fasciculus cuneatus is triangular on transverse section, and lies between the
fasciculus gracilisand the posterior column, its base corresponding with the surface of the medulla spinalis.
Its fibers, larger than those of the fasciculus gracilis, are mostly derived from the same source, viz., the
posterior nerve roots.
Some ascend for only a short distance in the tract, and, entering the
gray matter, come into close relationship with the cells of the dorsal nucleus; while others can be traced as far as the medulla oblongata, where they end in the gracile nucleusand cuneate nucleus.
The Fasciculus cuneatus transmits fine touch, fine pressure, vibration and
proprioceptioninformation from spinal nerves located in dermatomes C1 through T6.
The Fasciculus cuneatus tract is composed of 1st order neurons that synapse onto 2nd order neurons in the brain stem.
The 2nd order neurons
decussatein the brainstemand continue on to the thalamuswhere the 2nd order neurons synapse onto 3rd order neurons.
The 3rd order neurons carry the received signals to the
somatosensory cortexwhere the signals, in the form of action potentials are interpreted.
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