1675


1675

Year 1675 (MDCLXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1675

January - June


* January 5 - Franco-Dutch War - Battle of Turckheim: In Turckheim, Alsace, France, the French defeat Austria and Brandenburg.
* January 29 - John Sassamon, an English-educated Native American Christian, dies at Assawampsett Pond, an event which will trigger a year-long war between English American colonists of New England and Algonquin Native American tribes.
* June 8 - John Sassamon's alleged murderers are executed at Plymouth.
* June 11 - Armed Wampanoags are reported traveling around Swansea, Massachusetts.
* June 14-June 25 - Colonial authorities of Rhode Island, Plymouth, and Massachusetts attempt a negotiation with Metacomet (King Philip), leader of the Wampanoags, and seek guarantees of fidelity from the Nipmuck and Narragansett tribes.
* June 24 - King Philip's War breaks out as the Wampanoags attack Swansea.
* June 26 - Massachusetts troops march to Swansea to join the Plymouth troops.
* June 26 - June 29 - Wampanoags assault Rehoboth and Taunton; the natives elude colonial troops and leave Mount Hope for Pocasset, Massachusetts. The Mohegan tribe travels to Boston in order to side with the English colonists against the Wampanoags.
* June 28 - Battle of Fehrbellin: Brandenburg defeats the Swedes.

July - December


* July 15 - The Narragansett tribe signs a peace treaty with Connecticut.
* July 16 - July 24 - An envoy from Massachusetts attempts to negotiate with the Nipmuck tribe.
* August 2 - August 4 - The Nipmucks attack Massachusetts troops and besiege Brookfield, Massachusetts.
* August 10 - King Charles II of England places the foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London; construction begins.
* August 13 - The Massachusetts Council orders that Christian Indians are to be confined to designated praying towns.
* September 1 - September 2 - While Wampanoags and Nipmucks attack Deerfield, Massachusetts, Captain Samuel Moseley commands Massachusetts troops in an attack on the Pennacook tribe.
* September 12 - English colonists abandon Deerfield, Squakeag, and Brookfield due to a coalition of Indian attacks.
* September 18 - The Narragansetts sign a treaty with the English in Boston; meanwhile, Massachusetts troops are ambushed near Northampton, Massachusetts.
* October 5 - The Pocomtuc tribe attacks and destroys Springfield, Massachusetts.
* October 13 - The Massachusetts Council convenes and agrees that all Christian Indians should be ordered to move to Deer Island.
* November 2 - November 12 - Commissioners of the Thirteen Colonies organize a united force to attack the Narragansett tribe.
* November 11 - Guru Gobind Singh becomes the tenth Guru of the Sikhs.
* November 11 - Gottfried Leibniz uses infinitesimal calculus on a function.
* November 11 - Guru Teg Bahadur, the ninth prophet of the Sikhs, is executed by Mughal rulers. He prefers execution to defend the right of Hindus to practice their own religion.
* December 19 - United colonial forces attack the Narragansetts at the Great Swamp Fight.

Undated

* Cassini discovers Saturn's Cassini Division.
* Antonie van Leeuwenhoek begins to use a microscope for observing human tissues and liquids.

Births


* January 16 - Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (d. 1755)
* February 21 - Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (d. 1750)
* February 28 - Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (d. 1726)
* March 31 - Pope Benedict XIV (d. 1758)
* May 29 - Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (d. 1715)
* June 1 - Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (d. 1755)
* July 5 - Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials
* July 12 - Evaristo Abaco, Italian composer (d. 1742)
* July 14 - Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (d. 1747)
* September 2 - William Somervile, English poet (d. 1742)
* September 3 - Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts (d. 1751)
* October 11 - Samuel Clarke, English philosopher (d. 1729)
* October 21 - Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (d. 1710)
* October 24 - Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician (d. 1749)

: "See also ."

Deaths


* February 9 - Gerhard Douw, Dutch painter (b. 1613)
* March 18 - Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1606)
* April 12 - Richard Bennett, British Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1609)
* May 18 - Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer (b. 1623)
* May 18 - Father Jacques Marquette, French missionary and explorer (b. 1636)
* May 27 - Gaspard Dughet, French painter (b. 1613)
* June 12 - Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy (b. 1634)
* July 27 - Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Marshal of France (b. 1611)
* July 28 - Bulstrode Whitelocke, English lawyer (b. 1605)
* September 18 - Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1604)
* September 23 - Valentin Conrart, founder of the Académie Française (b. 1603)
* October 26 - William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (b. 1609)
* October 27 - Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (b. 1602)
* November 1 - Guru Teg Bahadur, 9th Sikh Guru (b. 1621)
* November 28 - Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh, English Civil War soldier
* November 28 - Leonard Hoar, American President of Harvard University (b. 1630)
* November 30 - Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (b. 1605)
* December 6 - John Lightfoot, English church goer (b. 1602)
* December 15 - Johannes Vermeer, Dutch painter (b. 1632)
* December 23 - Caesar, duc de Choiseul, French marshal and diplomat (b. 1602)

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