1701


1701

: "For other uses, see: 1701 (disambiguation)."Year 1701 (MDCCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday [ "Calendar in year 1701 (Russia)" (full Julian calendar), webpage: [http://www.timeanddate.com/calendar/index.html?year=1701&country=20 Julian-1701] (Russia used the Julian calendar until 1919).] of the 11-day slower Julian calendar. Year 1701 of the Swedish calendar was a common year starting on Tuesday, one weekday ahead of the Julian calendar. It was the first year of the 18th Century.

Events of 1701

January - June


* January 18 - The Duchy of Prussia becomes the Kingdom of Prussia as Frederick I becomes King in Prussia.
* March 8 - Mecklenburg-Strelitz is created as a north German duchy.
* March - The War of Spanish Succession begins.
* April 21 - In Japan, the young daimyo Asano Naganori is ordered to commit seppuku (ritual suicide). A group of 47 samurai of his service begin planning to avenge his death.
* May 23 - After being convicted of murdering William Moore and for piracy, Captain William Kidd is hanged in London.
* June 24 - The Act of Settlement 1701, by the Parliament of England, becomes law. The crown of Great Britain passes to Sophia, Electress of Hanover and her descendants on the death of Princess Anne, the heiress presumptive to the throne after her brother in law, King William III.

July - December


* July 24 - What is later to be Detroit, Michigan is founded as a French emporium named Fort Ponchartrain.
* September 16 - Prince James Francis Edward Stuart becomes the new claimant to the thrones of Scotland as King James VIII, and England as King James III.
* October 9 - The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later renamed Yale University) is chartered in Old Saybrook, Connecticut.

Undated

* The Philharmonic Society ("Academia philharmonicorum") is established in Ljubljana, Slovenia.
* Jethro Tull (agriculturist) invented a drill for planting seeds in rows.
* Pierre Antoine Motteux's English translation of the novel "Don Quixote" is first published. Motteux publishes it under the name "Peter Motteux". While popular among readers, it will eventually come to be known as one of the worst translations of the novel, totally betraying the spirit of Miguel de Cervantes's masterpiece.

Births


* January 27 - Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim, German historian and theologian (d. 1790)
* January 28 - Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)
* February 14 - Enrique Florez, Spanish historian (d. 1773)
* March 18 - Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (d. 1776)
* April 9 - Giambattista Nolli, Italian architect and surveyor (d. 1756)
* April 27 - King Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia (d. 1773)
* May 14 - William Emerson, English mathematician (d. 1782)
* August 4 - Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (d. 1757)
* October 15 - Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, Canadian saint (d. 1771)
* October 18 - Charles le Beau, French historian (d. 1778)
* November 5 - Pietro Longhi, Venetian painter (d. 1785)
* November 10 - Johann Joseph Couven, German Baroque architect (d. 1763)
* November 27 - Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer (d. 1744)

: "See also ."

Deaths


* January 14 - Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (b. 1628)
* March 15 - Jean Renaud de Segrais, French writer (b. 1624)
* April 4 - Joseph Haines, English entertainer and author
* April 21 - Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (b. 1667)
* May 23 - Captain William Kidd, Scottish pirate (b. 1645)
* June 2 - Madeleine de Scudéry, French writer (b. 1607)
* July 7 - William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (b. 1631)
* August 20 - Charles Sedley, English playwright (b. 1639)
* August 22 - John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath, English royalist statesman (b. 1628)
* September 15 - Edmé Boursault, French writer (b. 1638)
* September 16 - King James II of England/James VII of Scotland (b. 1633)
* October 3 - Joseph Williamson, English politician (b. 1633)
* November 5 - Charles Gerard, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield, French-born English politician (b. c. 1659)

: "See also ."

Notes

External links

* [http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/wars_spanishsuccession.html/ War of the Spanish Succession, 1701-1714]


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