- American Chemical Society
name = American Chemical Society
size = 150 px
location = flag|United States
membership = 160,000
language = English
leader_title = President
leader_name = Bruce Bursten
website = http://www.acs.org/The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a
learned society( professional association) based in the United Statesthat supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry. Founded in 1876at New York University, the ACS currently has over 160,000 members at all degree-levels and in all fields of chemistry, chemical engineeringand related fields.
The ACS is a
501(c)3 non-profit organization. The ACS holds national meetings twice a year covering the complete field of chemistry, plus dozens of smaller conferences in specific fields. Its publications division produces several scholarly journals including the Journal of the American Chemical Society. The primary source of income of the ACS is the Chemical Abstracts Serviceand its publications. Chemical & Engineering Newsis the weekly news magazine published by the American Chemical Society and sent to all members. The ACS membership is organized into 189 geographical Local Sections and 33 Technical Divisions.
The group holds a
congressional charterunder Title 36 of the United States Code.
The American Chemical Society had it origins in a small group of 35 chemists that met on April 6, 1876, at the University Building in the present day
New York University. [ [http://acswebcontent.acs.org/landmarks/landmarks/draper/index.html The American Chemical Society ] ] Although at that time there was an American science society ( American Association for the Advancement of Science), the growth of chemistry prompted those assembled, including William H. Nichols, under the direction of Professor Charles F. Chandlerof the Columbia School of Mines, to found the American Chemical Society. The society, Chandler said, would “prove a powerful and healthy stimulus to original research, … would awaken and develop much talent now wasting in isolation, … [bring] members of the association into closer union, and ensure a better appreciation of our science and its students on the part of the general public.”
A formal vote for organization was taken, a constitution was adopted, and officers were selected. Chandler was an obvious choice as president since he had been instrumental in establishing the society, however, he felt that New York University Professor
John William Draperhad the reputation as a scientist to lead a national organization. At the age of 65, Draper was elected as the first president of the American Chemical Society and the headquarters was located in New York. Draper’s presidency was important more due to his name and reputation than his active participation in the society.
The American Chemical Society sponsors the
United States National Chemistry Olympiad(USNCO), a contest used to select the four-member team that represents the United States at the International Chemistry Olympiad(IChO). The ACS [http://www3.uwm.edu/dept/chemexams/ Division of Chemical Education] provides standardized tests for various subfields of chemistry. The two most commonly-used tests are the undergraduate-level tests for general and organic chemistry. Each of these tests consists of 70 multiple-choice questions, and gives students 120 minutes to complete the exam.
The American Chemical Society grants membership to undergraduates as student affiliates. Any university may start its own chapter of the Student Affiliates of the American Chemical Society (SAACS) and receive benefits of undergraduate participation in regional conferences and discounts on ACS publications.
Since the inception of
National Center for Biotechnology Information's open access PubChemchemical compound database initiative, ACS has actively lobbied NCBI and its supervising agencies to stop the database development effort. ACS markets its own subscription- and pay-based Chemical Abstracts Service. In a May 23, 2005, press release, the ACS stated:
:"The ACS believes strongly that the Federal Government should not seek to become a taxpayer supported publisher. By collecting, organizing, and disseminating small molecule information whose creation it has not funded and which duplicates CAS services, NIH has started ominously, down the path to unfettered scientific publishing..."
The journal "Nature" reported that ACS had hired a public relations firm, Dezenhall Resources, to try and halt the open access movement. [http://www.nature.com/news/2007/070122/full/445347a.html] "
Scientific American" later reported that ACS had spent over $200,000 to hire Wexler & Walker Public Policy Association to lobby against open access. [http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?chanID=sa001&articleID=60AADF2C-E7F2-99DF-383C632C90DD1AA5]
Journals and magazines
Accounts of Chemical Research
ACS Chemical Biology
*Biotechnology Progress — Copublished with the Am. Inst. of Chem. Engineers
Chemical & Engineering News
*Chemical Research in Toxicology
*Chemistry of Materials
*Crystal Growth & Design
*Energy & Fuels
*Environmental Science & Technology
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
*Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Journal of the American Chemical Society
*Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data
Journal of Chemical Education
Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling(formerly Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Sciences)
*Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Journal of Combinatorial Chemistry
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
*Journal of Natural Products—Copublished with the Am. Soc. of Pharmacognosy
Journal of Organic Chemistry
Journal of Physical Chemistry A
Journal of Physical Chemistry B
*The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
*Journal of Proteome Research
*Organic Process Research & Development
ACS style- the ACS citationstandard.
Association for Learned and Professional Society Publishers
Chemists Celebrate Earth Day
* [http://www.acs.org ACS website]
* [http://pubs.acs.org ACS Publications website]
* [http://pubs.acs.org/cen Chemical & Engineering News]
* [http://www.cas.org ACS Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS)]
* [http://www.infotoday.com/newsbreaks/nb050606-1.shtml A Cauldron Bubbles: PubChem and the American Chemical Society ("Information Today", June 2005)]
* [http://community.acs.org/journals/acbcct/cs/WIKI/tabid/54/Default.aspx ACS Chemical Biology WIKI]
* [http://community.acs.org ACS Chemical Biology Community]
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Look at other dictionaries:
American Chemical Society — logo.svg Acrónimo ACS Tipo Sociedad científica Género Área de la química … Wikipedia Español
American chemical society — L American Chemical Society est une société savante basée aux États Unis active dans le domaine de la recherche scientifique en chimie. Sommaire 1 Historique 2 Prix remis par la société 3 Voir aussi … Wikipédia en Français
American Chemical Society — [ə merɪkən kemɪkl sə saɪətɪ], Abkürzung ACS [ eɪsiː es], die amerikanisch chemische Gesellschaft, gegründet 1876, Sitz: Washington, D. C.; eine der größten wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaften der Erde, mit (2000) mehr als 160 000 Mitglieder; die… … Universal-Lexikon
American Chemical Society — Das Logo der Gesellschaft Die American Chemical Society mit Sitz in Washington, D.C. ist eine 1876 gegründete wissenschaftliche Fachgesellschaft in den USA, die die Forschung im Bereich der Chemie fördert. ACS hat über 158 000 Mitglieder.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
American Chemical Society — L American Chemical Society est une société savante basée aux États Unis active dans le domaine de la recherche scientifique en chimie. Sommaire 1 Historique 2 Prix remis par la société 3 Voir aussi … Wikipédia en Français
Journal of the American Chemical Society — Titre abrégé J. Am. Chem. Soc. JACS Discipline … Wikipédia en Français
Journal Of The American Chemical Society — Titre abrégé J. Am. Chem. Soc. ou JACS Discipline … Wikipédia en Français
Journal of the american chemical society — Titre abrégé J. Am. Chem. Soc. ou JACS Discipline … Wikipédia en Français
Journal of the American Chemical Society — País Idioma inglés Categoría … Wikipedia Español
Journal of the American Chemical Society — Infobox Journal discipline = Chemistry abbreviation = JACS or J. Am. Chem. Soc. website = http://pubs.acs.org/journals/jacsat/index.html publisher = American Chemical Society country = USA history = 1879 to present ISSN = 0002 7863 eISSN = 1520… … Wikipedia