Year 1589 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1589

January - June

* January 26 - Job is elected as the first Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
* February 26 - Valkendorfs Kollegium is founded in Copenhagen, Denmark.

July - December

* August - King James I of England (who he is yet to become) marries Anne of Denmark.
* August 2 - Henry III of France is murdered by a fanatical Catholic monk. Henry of Navarre proclaims himself as King Henry IV of France. As many of the late King's troops refuse to support a Protestant, Henry is forced to give up the siege of Paris.
* September 21 - Battle of Arques: King Henry's forces defeat the forces of the Catholic League under Duke Charles of Mayenne (younger brother of the Duke of Guise).
* November 1 - Henry IV of France is repulsed in an attempt to capture Paris from the Catholic League.


* The Catholic League rebels against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. They proclaim the deposition of the King, and acclaim the imprisoned Cardinal de Bourbon as the rightful King of France, calling him Charles X. The King makes peace with his old rival, Henry of Navarre, and together they besiege Paris.
* San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome, is completed by Domenico Fontana.
* Hiroshima, Japan is founded.
* The monks of the Pechenga Monastery, the northernmost in the world, are massacred by the Swedes.
*Wanli refuses to appear at imperial audiences; declines to see his eunuch grand secretarie, who gradually assume his responsibilities; ignores issues he founds unpleasant and eventually refuses to consider even pressing matters of defense and finance.


* January 9 - Ivan Gundulić, Croatian poet (d. 1638)
* February 5 - Esteban Manuel de Villegas, Spanish poet (d. 1669)
* March 3 - Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch theologian (d. 1676)
*July 16 - Sinibaldo Scorza, painter (d. 1631)
*October 7 - Maria Magdalena of Austria (d. 1631)
*"date unknown"
**Tsar Feodor II of Russia
**Yönten Gyatso, 4th Dalai Lama

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* January 5 - Catherine de' Medici, queen of Henry II of France (b. 1519)
* February 21 - Ambrose Dudley, 3rd Earl of Warwick (b. c. 1528)
* March 2 - Alessandro Cardinal Farnese, Italian cardinal (b. 1530)
* May 3 - Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1528)
* August 1 - Jacques Clément, French assassin of Henry III of France (b. 1567)
* August 2 - King Henry III of France (b. 1551)
* September 16 - Michael Baius, Flemish theologian (b. 1513)
* October 15 - Jacopo Zabarella, philosopher (b. 1532)
*"date unknown"
**Pietro de' Mariscalchi, painter (b. c. 1520)
**Tansen, Indian musician (b. 1506)

: "See also ."

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