1714


1714

Year 1714 (MDCCXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1714

January - June

July - December


* July 27 - Battle of Gangut: The Russian Navy gains its first important victory.
* August 1 - George, elector of Hanover becomes King George I of Great Britain.
* September 11 - War of the Spanish Succession: Catalonia and Barcelona surrender to the Spanish and French Borbonic armies.

Undated

* The world's first ever mixed-gender school, Tenison's School is established by Thomas Tenison in Croydon, south of London, England.
* The Duchy of Savoy and Piedmont becomes the Kingdom of Sardinia.
* Louis Juchereau de St. Denis establishes Fort St. Jean Baptiste at the site of present day Natchitoches, Louisiana (the first permanent European settlement in the Louisiana Territory, after Biloxi (1699) and Mobile, Alabama (1702) were separated).
* Worcester College, University of Oxford is founded (formerly Gloucester College, closed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries).
* The British Parliament votes "to offer a reward (£10,000 for any method capable of determining a ship's longitude within 1 degree; £15,000, within 40 minutes, and £20,000 within 1/2 a degree) "for such person or persons as shall discover the Longitude."

Ongoing events

* Great Northern War (1700-1721)
* Tuscarora War (1711 - 1715)

Births


* January 1 - Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian poet (d. 1780)
* January 6 - Percivall Pott, English surgeon (d. 1788)
* January 26 - Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (d. 1785)
* February 2 - Gottfried August Homilius, German composer (d. 1785)
* February 22 - Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (d. 1795)
* February 25
**René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou, Chancellor of France (d. 1792)
**Hyde Parker, British admiral (d. 1782)
* February 26 - James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (d. 1758)
* March 8 - Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach, German composer (d. 1788)
* March 27 - Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian (d. 1795)
* April 14 - Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (d. 1788)
* June 6 - King Joseph I of Portugal (d. 1777)
* June 17
**Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, German philosopher (d. 1762)
**César-François Cassini de Thury, French astronomer (d. 1784)
* July 2 - Christoph Willibald Gluck, German composer (d. 1787)
* July 16 - Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer (d. 1800)
* August 1 - Richard Wilson, Welsh painter (d. 1782)
* August 14 - Claude Joseph Vernet, French painter (d. 1789)
* August 28 - Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1774)
* September 10 - Niccolò Jommelli, Italian composer (d. 1774)
* September 19 - Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1786)
* October 13 - Pieter Burmann the Younger, Dutch philologist (d. 1778)
* October 16 - Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (d. 1795)
* October 25 - James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish philosopher and evolutionary thinker (d. 1799)
* November 13 - William Shenstone, English poet (d. 1763)
* November 25 - Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (d. 1783)
* December 16 - George Whitefield, English-born Methodist leader (d. 1770)
* December 19 - John Winthrop, American astronomer (d. 1779)
* December 21 - John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier (d. 1774)

: "See also ."

Deaths


* February 2 - John Sharp, English Archbishop of Yorkshire (b. 1643)
* February 24 - Edmund Andros, English governor in North America (b. 1637)
* May 15 - Roger Elliott, British general and Governor of Gibraltar (b. c. 1665)
* May 18 - Ivan Botsis, Russian admiral of Greek origin (unknown birth date)
* June 8 - Electress Sophia of Hanover, heir to the throne of Great Britain (b. 1630)
* June 22 - Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (b. 1662)
* August 1 - Queen Anne of Great Britain (b. 1665)
* August 25 - Constantin Brâncoveanu, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1654)
* August 26 - Edward Fowler, English Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1632)
* October 5 - Kaibara Ekiken, Japanese philosopher (b. 1630)
* October 10 - Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist (b. 1646)
* November 5 - Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (b. 1633)

: "See also ."


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