Octopus (genus)


Octopus (genus)
Octopus
Octopus vulgaris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Order: Octopoda
Family: Octopodidae
Subfamily: Octopodinae
Genus: Octopus
Cuvier, 1797
Species

Over 100, see text.

Octopus bimaculoides
Octopus rubescens
Octopus salutii
Octopus vulgaris

Octopus is the largest genus of octopuses, comprising more than 100 species. These species are widespread throughout the world's oceans.

Species

  • Genus Octopus
    • Octopus adamsi *[citation needed]
    • Octopus alatus *[citation needed]
    • Octopus alecto
    • Octopus alpheus, Capricorn Night Octopus
    • Octopus araneoides *[citation needed]
    • Octopus arborescens
    • Octopus aspilosomatis, Plain-body Night Octopus
    • Octopus australis, Hammer Octopus
    • Octopus balboai
    • Octopus berrima, Southern Keeled Octopus
    • Octopus bimaculatus, California Two-spot Octopus or Verrill's Two-spot Octopus
    • Octopus bimaculoides, California Two-Spot Octopus
    • Octopus bocki, Bock's Pygmy Octopus
    • Octopus briareus, Caribbean Reef Octopus
    • Octopus brocki *
    • Octopus bulbus
    • Octopus bunurong, Southern White-spot Octopus
    • Octopus californicus, North Pacific Bigeye Octopus
    • Octopus campbelli
    • Octopus carolinensis, Carolinian Octopus
    • Octopus chierchiae
    • Octopus conispadiceus, Chestnut Octopus
    • Octopus cyanea, Big Blue Octopus or Cyane's Octopus,
    • Octopus defilippi, Atlantic Longarm Octopus or Lilliput Longarm Octopus
    • Octopus dierythraeus, Red-spot Night Octopus
    • Octopus digueti, Diguet's Pygmy Octopus
    • Octopus diminutus[1]
    • Octopus favonius
    • Octopus filamentosus
    • Octopus fitchi, Fitch's Pygmy Octopus
    • Octopus fujitai
    • Octopus gardineri
    • Octopus gibbsi
    • Octopus globosus, Globe Octopus
    • Octopus gorgonus[2]
    • Octopus graptus, Sribbled Night Octopus
    • Octopus guangdongensis
    • Octopus hardwickei
    • Octopus harpedon
    • Octopus hattai
    • Octopus hongkongensis
    • Octopus hubbsorum, Hubb's Octopus
    • Octopus humilis[2]
    • Octopus hummelincki, Bumblebee Two-spot Octopus or Caribbean Two-spot Octopus [3]
    • Octopus incella
    • Octopus insularis[4]
    • Octopus joubini, Atlantic Pygmy Octopus or Small-egg Caribbean Pygmy Octopus
    • Octopus kaharoa
    • Octopus kaurna, Southern Sand Octopus
    • Octopus laqueus
    • Octopus lobensis, Lobed Octopus *
    • Octopus longispadiceus
    • Octopus luteus, Starry Night Octopus
    • Octopus macropus, Atlantic White-spotted Octopus
    • Octopus maorum, Maori Octopus
    • Octopus mariles[2]
    • Octopus maya, Mexican Four-eyed Octopus
    • Octopus mercatoris *
    • Octopus mernoo
    • Octopus microphthalmus
    • Octopus micropyrsus, California Lilliput Octopus
    • Octopus micros
    • Octopus mimus
    • Octopus minor[citation needed]
      • Octopus minor minor
      • Octopus minor pardalis *
      • Octopus minor typicus *
    • Octopus mutilans
    • Octopus nanhaiensis
    • Octopus nanus
    • Octopus niveus
    • Octopus nocturnus
    • Octopus occidentalis
    • Octopus ochotensis
    • Octopus oculifer, Galapagos Reef Octopus
    • Octopus oliveri
    • Octopus ornatus, White Striped Octopus
    • Octopus oshimai
    • Octopus ovulum *[citation needed]
    • Octopus pallidus, Pale Octopus
    • Octopus parvus, Japanese Pygmy Octopus
    • Octopus penicillifer
    • Octopus pentherinus *[citation needed]
    • Octopus prashadi
    • Octopus pricei *
    • Octopus pumilus
    • Octopus pyrum
    • Octopus rapanui
    • Octopus roosevelti
    • Octopus rubescens, East Pacific Red Octopus
    • Octopus salutii, Spider Octopus
    • Octopus sanctaehelenae
    • Octopus sasakii
    • Octopus selene, Moon Octopus
    • Octopus spinosus *[citation needed]
    • Octopus superciliosus, Frilled Pygmy Octopus
    • Octopus taprobanensis *[citation needed]
    • Octopus tehuelchus, Tehuelche Octopus
    • Octopus tenebricus
    • Octopus tetricus, Gloomy Octopus or Common Sydney Octopus
    • Octopus tsugarensis *
    • Octopus validus
    • Octopus veligero, Veiled Octopus
    • Octopus verrucosus
    • Octopus vitiensis, Bighead Octopus
    • Octopus vulgaris, Common Octopus
    • Octopus warringa, Club Pygmy Octopus
    • Octopus winckworthi
    • Octopus wolfi, Star-sucker Pygmy Octopus
    • Octopus yendoi *[citation needed]
    • Octopus zonatus, Atlantic Banded Octopus
    • White V Octopus, "Blandopus", [5][Full citation needed]

The species listed above with an asterisk (*) are questionable and need further study to determine if they are valid species or synonyms.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ Kaneko, N. & Kubodera, T. (2008). "Two new species of pygmy octopuses (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) from deep water off the Ryukyu Archipelago, southern Japan." Molluscan Research 28(3): 145–157.
  2. ^ a b c Huffard, C.L. 2007. Four new species of shallow water pygmy octopus (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) from the Kingdom of Tonga. Molluscan Research 27(3): 147–170.
  3. ^ Octopus hummelincki Adam, 1936 (Mollusca, Cephalopoda): specific name conserved
  4. ^ Leite, T. S.; Haimovici, M.; Molina, W.; Warnke, K. (2007). "Morphological and genetic description of Octopus insularis, a new cryptic species in the Octopus vulgaris complex (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) from the tropical southwestern Atlantic". Journal of Molluscan Studies 74 (1): 63–74. doi:10.1093/mollus/eym050.  edit
  5. ^ Octopus sp. 18 'Lembeh', BiolJLinnSoc93:23.

External links