John McIntosh (farmer)

John McIntosh (farmer)
"McIntosh" on a tree
McIntosh Red apple as bought

John McIntosh (August 15, 1777 – ca 1846) was the Scottish-Canadian farmer who is credited with discovering the McIntosh Red apple.


Early life

John McIntosh was born in New York state in 1777, the son of a Scottish immigrant who was a loyalist during the American Revolution. McIntosh emigrated to Upper Canada sometime between 1795 and 1801 and settled in Matilda Township, now part of South Dundas Township.

Discovery of the McIntosh apple

While clearing his property, McIntosh discovered a number of seedling apple trees growing wild. He transplanted them to his garden, and by the following year only one had survived. Several years later, the tree was producing the crisp, delicious fruit that is now well known. The discoverer eventually dubbed it the 'McIntosh Red', which is still the apple's official name.

McIntosh farmed the original property until his death, sometime between September 19, 1845 and January 10, 1846, near Dundela, Ontario.

Original tree

The original tree that spawned this legacy was damaged by fire in 1894. The McIntosh family nursed the old tree along until 1908; the last year it produced a crop; and, in 1910, it fell over. A flat headstone now marks the spot where the stump had remained for years. At least three plaques commemorating the site's historic value are also located in the vicinity. In 1962, the Ontario Heritage Foundation erected a plaque outside the former McIntosh homestead.

In 2001 the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada unveiled another plaque in a nearby park and declared the apple's discovery and development an "event of national historic importance." The park, which belongs to the Township of South Dundas, also features a large hand-painted mural depicting the apple's history.

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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