- Lushan Conference
The Lushan Conference (zh-st|s=庐山会议|t=廬山會議), officially the 8th Plenum of the Eighth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, began on
July 23, 1959and was an informal discussion about the Great Leap Forward.
The original objective of the conference was to review the developments in China during 1958 and solve some practical issues brought forth by those developments.
Mao Zedongalso intended to use the conference to contain the "leftist tendency" elements in the Great Leap Forward.
During the conference,
Peng Dehuai, then PRC's defense minister, wrote a private letter to Mao criticizing some elements of the Great Leap Forward. In the letter, he criticized elements like the "winds of exaggeration", the communal dining and also the establishment of commune militiawhich he felt would undermine the strength of the People's Liberation Army.
For this reason, Mao extended the conference for more than ten days.
Downfall of Peng Dehuai
July 23, Mao showed Peng's letter to his comrades and ask them to express their views on the issue. However, not long afterwards, Mao bitterly criticised Peng as "having leaned towards to the right by about 30km" with "rightist tendencies".Fact|date=May 2008 He was subsequently dismissed, arrested and replaced by Lin Biao.
Consequences of the conference
The Lushan Conference marked a key point of departure in Mao's rule. Criticism of party actions and policies were now equated with criticism of Mao.
Mao's speech at Lushan was incredibly passionate and bellicose. He defended himself by saying that he, like all of the great writers,
Confucius, Karl Marx, and Leninhad made mistakes and that focusing on them would not help the situation. Moreover, he insisted that not one commune had collapsed yet.
His personal victory over Peng Dehuai at the Lushan Conference gave Mao confidence and led him to proceed with the Great Leap Forward. More than 3 million officials within the party were indicted and "class struggle" was brought in for the first time into the upper echelon of the Party apparatus.
Spence, Jonathan. "The Search for Modern China." W.W. Norton and Company, New York, 1990
Great Leap Forward
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Lushan District — (zh stp|s=庐山区|t=廬山区|p=Lúshān Qū) is the name of a district in Jiujiang, Jiangxi, China. Its history dates thousand of years in China s past. It is a popular domestic and foreign tourist attraction and hosts both the famous mountain resort town of … Wikipedia
Lushan Hotel Shenzhen (Shenzhen) — Lushan Hotel Shenzhen country: China, city: Shenzhen (Luohu District) Lushan Hotel Shenzhen Location Lushan Hotel Shenzhen is located in the downtown area, Luohu with department stores, boutiques, restaurants and theatre nearby. The property is… … International hotels
china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material … Universalium
China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast … Universalium
Great Leap Forward — For other uses, see Great Leap Forward (disambiguation). History of the People s Republic of China … Wikipedia
Cultural Revolution — This article is about the People s Republic of China. For Iran s Islamic Cultural Revolution, see Iranian Cultural Revolution. Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution Cultural Revolution propaganda poster. It depicts Mao Zedong, above a group of… … Wikipedia
Mao Zedong — Mao redirects here. For other uses, see Mao (disambiguation). This is a Chinese name; the family name is Mao. Mao Ze dong 毛泽东 Official 1967 Portrait of Mao Ze … Wikipedia
Lin Biao — Infobox President name = Lin Biao 林彪 imagesize = 100px caption = order = 2nd Executive Vice Premier of the People s Republic of China term start = 1965 term end = 1975 predecessor = Chen Yun successor = Deng Xiaoping birth date = December 5, 1907 … Wikipedia
Deng Xiaoping — This is a Chinese name; the family name is Deng. Deng Xiaoping 邓小平 Deng Xiaoping in 1979 Chairman of the … Wikipedia
Maoism — Part of the Politics series on Maoism … Wikipedia