- Peace Clause
Trade negotiators generally refer to Article 13 of the
World Trade Organization's Agreement on Agricultureas the Peace Clause. Article 13 holds that domestic support measures and export subsidiesof a WTO Member that are legal under the provisions of the Agreement on Agriculture cannot be challenged by other WTO Members on grounds of being illegal under the provisions of another WTO agreement.
The Peace Clause has expired on January 1,
2004. It is now possible, therefore, for developing countriesand nations favoring free tradein agricultural goods, such as the Cairns Group, to use the WTO dispute settlement mechanism in order to challenge, in particular, U.S. and EU export subsidieson agricultural products.
* [http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/agric_e/negs_bkgrnd13_peace_e.htm WTO Peace Clause Backgrounder]
* [http://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/legal_e.htm WTO legal texts index]
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