Quoin (architecture)


Quoin (architecture)
Quoining on the corners of Palazzo Aragona Gonzaga, Rome.

Quoins (/kɔɪn/ or /kwɔɪn/) are the cornerstones of brick or stone walls.[1] Quoins may be either structural or decorative. Architects and builders use quoins to give the impression of strength and firmness to the outline of a building. Rough-finished or rusticated masonry is also frequently used for foundation layers of buildings to give the same impression.

Quoining can be carried out in stone on a stone building, with stone on a predominantly brick building, or by laying brick masonry to give the appearance of blocks at the corner. If structural, quoins are usually part of load-bearing walls; if decorative, they may be made of a variety of materials including brick, stone and wood. The most common form of decorative use for quoins uses an alternative pattern of rectangles that wrap around the wall, mimicking the pattern of stone blocks or brick as they would wrap around a corner and thus join the two walls. In Georgian architecture, wooden quoins were most often part of an overall theme to imply stone, and thus permanence.

References

  1. ^ Rankine, William J. M. (1862). A Manual of Civil Engineering. Griffin, Bohn, and Co. p. 385. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Quoin — Generally, a quoin is a wedge, used to support or anchor other items. More specifically, quoin may refer to:*Quoin (architecture), the corner stones that anchor the edge of the building wall *In printing, quoins are wedges used by printers to… …   Wikipedia

  • quoin — /koyn, kwoyn/, n. 1. an external solid angle of a wall or the like. 2. one of the stones forming it; cornerstone. 3. any of various bricks of standard shape for forming corners of brick walls or the like. 4. a wedge shaped piece of wood, stone,… …   Universalium

  • architecture — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) Building design Nouns 1. architectural or building design, form; architectural or structural engineering; landscape architecture or gardening; architectonics. See building. 2. (architectural styles) a.… …   English dictionary for students

  • quoin —    In architecture, a large, sometimes rusticated, usually slightly projecting stone (or stones) that often form the corners of the exterior walls of masonry buildings …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • List of architecture topics — This page aims to list all topics related to architecture. This is so that those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar. It is also to see the gaps in Wikipedia s coverage of the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of classical architecture terms — This is a list of terms used in classical architecture.Building elements* Acroterion ornament mounted at the apex of the pediment of a building * Aedicule * Apollarium * Aegis * Apse * Arch * Architrave * Archivolt * Ante Fixae * Amphiprostyle *… …   Wikipedia

  • building — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) Architectural structure Nouns 1. edifice, structure, construction. See form, production, architecture. 2. house, home, abode. 3. (types of buildings) A frame, prefab, Quonset hut, ranch house, saltbox,… …   English dictionary for students

  • Cobblestone Farmhouse at 1229 Birdsey Road — U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Airy, Richmond County, Virginia — Mount Airy U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark …   Wikipedia

  • St Peter's Church, Normanby by Spital — St Peter s Church, Normanby by Spital, from the south …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.