Scott-T transformer

Scott-T transformer

A Scott-T Transformer (also called a Scott Connection) is a type of circuit used to derive two-phase (2-φ) current from a three-phase (3-φ) source or vice-versa. The Scott connection evenly distributes a balanced load between the phases of the source.

The Scott-T Transformer connection may be also be used in a back to back T to T arrangement for a three-phase to 3 phase connection. This is a cost saving in the smaller kVA transformers due to the 2 coil T connected to a secondary 2 coil T in-lieu of the traditional three-coil primary to 3 coil secondary transformer. In this arrangement the X0 Neutral tap is part way up on the secondary Teaser transformer see below. The voltage stability of this T to T arrangement as compared to the traditional 3 coil primary to three-coil secondary transformer is questioned.

Nikola Tesla's original polyphase power system was based on simple to build two-phase components. However, as transmission distances increased, the more transmission line efficient three-phase system became more prominent. Both 2-φ and 3-φ components coexisted for a number of years and the Scott-T transformer connection allowed them to be interconnected.

Assuming the desired voltage is the same on the two and three phase sides, the Scott-T transformer connection (shown below) consists of a center-tapped 1:1 ratio Main transformer T1 and an 86.6% (0.5√3) ratio Teaser transformer T2. The center-tapped side of T1 is connected between two of the phases on the three-phase side. Its center tap then connects to one end of the lower turn count side of T2, the other end connects to the remaining phase. The other side of the transformers then connect directly to the two pairs of a two-phase four-wire system.

See also

* Symmetrical components
* Alternating current
* Single phase
* Three-phase
* Polyphase coil

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