- Physical compression
Physical compression is the result of the subjection of a material to
compressive stress, resulting in reduction of volume. The opposite of compression is tension.
Compression has many implications in
material science, physicsand structural engineering, for compression yields noticeable amounts of stress and tension.
By inducing compression, mechanical properties such as
compressive strengthor modulus of elasticity, can be measured. Scientists may utilize press machines to induce compression.
Internal combustion engine
internal combustion engines it is a necessary condition of economy to compress the explosive mixture before it is ignited: in the Otto cycle, for instance, the second stroke of the piston effects the compression of the charge which has been drawn into the cylinder by the first forward stroke.
The term is applied to the arrangement by which the exhaust valve of a
steam engineis made to close, shutting a portion of the exhaust steam in the cylinder, before the stroke of the piston is quite complete. This steam being compressed as the stroke is completed, a cushion is formed against which the pistondoes work while its velocity is being rapidly reduced, and thus the stresses in the mechanism due to the inertia of the reciprocating parts are lessened. This compression, moreover, obviates the shock which would otherwise be caused by the admission of the fresh steam for the return stroke.
Strength of materials
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