- Revolutionary Socialist League (UK)
The Revolutionary Socialist League was the name used by the British section of the
Fourth Internationalat two points in the Twentieth century. Both were Trotskyistpolitical parties in the United Kingdom: one existing in the 1930sand 1940sand a second one which was founded in the 1950sand existed at least into the 1960s.
The first RSL (1938-1944)
The first RSL was formed in early
1938with the merger of two different parties, the Marxist League led by Harry Wicksand the Marxist Group led by C. L. R. James.
1938, James P. Cannonand Max Shachtmancame to Londonin an attempt to unite all four British Trotskyist groups. The RSL, the Militant Groupand the Revolutionary Socialist Party merged to form a new Revolutionary Socialist League, but the Workers International League refused, claiming that agreement on perspectives was insufficient and that the new group represented a dilution of democratic centralism.
The new RSL became the British affiliate of the newly formed
Fourth International. They maintained the Militant Labour Leagueas an united frontfor those members who were involved in Labor Party entryismand published "The Militant".
The position of the WIL was swiftly vindicated when the Revolutionary Socialist Party left, most of the leadership joining the
Independent Labour Partywhile younger members joined the Workers International League (WIL).
The group adopted a
defeatistpolicy during World War II, which they modelled on Lenins Revolutionary defeatist tactics of the 1914-18 war but which was seen by their rivals in the WIL as being pacifist, and had some initial successes when the Shop Assistants' Union (later USDAW) adopted their position in 1940. This led the Labour Party to ban the Militant Labour League. In addition, the group became increasingly inactive as many younger members were conscripted into the British Army.
More importantly the group's position opposing the war became a major cause of factional strife both within the group and between it and the WIL. Three major positions developed which help to explicate the ensuing factional divisions outlined below. Firstly, a
Left Fractionformed, which opposed the war on a basis all other factions described as pacifist. Secondly the leadership faction around D. D. Harber held a position that opposed the Proletarian Military Policy(PMP) of the WIL and was described by its opponents as semi-pacifist. Finally the WIL and tendencies leaving the RSL at different times adhered to the aforementioned PMP.
1939, some RSL members split to form the Revolutionary Workers League, which Isaac Deutschersoon joined, due to the inaction of the RSL leadership when war began. Initially they used the name RSL as the official group was inactive only changing their name later. However the majority of the RWL joined the WIL in 1940, the remainder rejoins the RSL in 1941. Another split produced the Socialist Workers Group, which published " Socialist Fight" and entered the ILP, some of its former members eventually joining the Trotskyist Opposition, a group, expelled in 1942from the RSL. This group, led by John Lawrence, advocated adoption of the PMP of the Socialist Workers Party and was in favor of fusing with the WIL. in fact collaboration between the Trotskyist Opposition and the WIL was so close that Lawrence was employed by the latter on technical tasks. Finally, in 1943, the Left Fraction who were opposed to that policy were expelled.
The leadership of the RSL refused to enter into any unity negotiations, despite the party's drastic reduction from 300 to 20 members, until in
1944the Fourth International held a two-day conference. This conference being required to re-unite the group so that it could fuse with the WIL into a single organization which could then affiliate to the Fourth International. As planned on the first day, the Trotskyist Opposition and the Left Fraction were reunited with the RSL. Despite the objections of the Left Fraction, the second day saw the reformed RSL unified with the WIL – on the WIL's terms – to form the new Revolutionary Communist Party.
The second RSL (1953-)
After the dissolution of the RCP, some former members of the RCP around
Ted Grantwho were expelled from the RCP's successor, The Club, in 1950went on to form the second Revolutionary Socialist League in 1953. It was an entryistgroup within the Labour Party. It published "The International Socialist". In 1958the group was recognized as the British section of the International Secretariat of the Fourth Internationaland, after the reunification in 1963, the section of the reunified Fourth International. However, the League registered substantial political differences at the 1965 World Congress, and failed to integrate other supporters of the International in Britain. The Congress recognised two sympathzing sections in Britain: both the RSL and what became the International Marxist Group, prompting the RSL to turn its back on the International. In 1964the RSL founded a newspaper called "Militant" and the group itself soon became known as Militant or the Militant tendency, but the official designation as the RSL remained.
* Bornstein, Sam & Richardson, Al (1986). Against the Stream. In "The War and the International : a history of the Trotskyist movement in Britain 1937-1949". London: Socialist Platform. ISBN 0-9508423-3-8
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Revolutionary Socialist League (U.S.) — The Revolutionary Socialist League (RSL) was a Trotskyist group in the United States. It was founded in 1973 by a group of International Socialists members who developed a theory that the USSR and similar societies were not, as the IS held,… … Wikipedia
Revolutionary Socialist League — The Revolutionary Socialist League is the name of more than one group:*Revolutionary Socialist League (UK) (either the 1938 44 or 1953 group) *Revolutionary Socialist League (US) *Revolutionary Socialist League (Germany) … Wikipedia
Revolutionary Socialist League (Germany) — The Revolutionary Socialist League (German: Revolutionär Sozialistischen Bund , RSB) is a small Trotskyist group in Germany. It was formed in 1994 as a split from the Association for Solidarity Perspectives (VsP). The RSB generally considers… … Wikipedia
Revolutionary Communist League (UK) — For the Maoist group, see the Revolutionary Communist League of Britain. The Revolutionary Communist League was a small Trotskyist political group in the United Kingdom. It was founded in 1969 by two groups, one expelled from the International… … Wikipedia
Revolutionary Socialist Party (UK) — The Revolutionary Socialist Party, initially known as the International Socialist Labour Party, was a political party in Britain. It emerged out of a Scotland based faction of the Socialist Labour Party, which had left the SLP in the early 1930s … Wikipedia
Socialist League (Sweden) — Socialist League (in Swedish: Socialistiska Förbundet ) was a Trotskyist organization in Sweden. SF was founded on December 15 1979 when the Bolshevik Fraction was expelled from the Communist Workers League (KAF, later the Socialist Party). The… … Wikipedia
Revolutionary Socialist Party (India) — Infobox Indian Political Party party name = Revolutionary Socialist Party party eci = State Party secretary = T. J. Chandrachoodan [ [http://www.thehindu.com/2008/02/25/stories/2008022558570400.htm The Hindu : Kerala / Thiruvananthapuram News :… … Wikipedia
Revolutionary Communist League (France) — See Revolutionary Communist League (Belgium) for the other Ligue communiste révolutionnaire. Revolutionary Communist League Ligue communiste révolutionnaire Leader Collective leadership (Central Committee); Three spokespersons: Olivier Besancenot … Wikipedia
Revolutionary Workers League/Ligue Ouvrière Révolutionnaire — The Revolutionary Workers League/Ligue Ouvrière Révolutionnaire was a Canadian Trostkyist party formed on August 8 1977 by the fusion of the Revolutionary Marxist Group and its Quebec counterpart, the Groupe Marxiste Revolutionnarie with the… … Wikipedia
Socialist League (UK, 1885) — The Socialist League was an early revolutionary socialist organisation in the United Kingdom.In 1884 a group of members of the Social Democratic Federation (SDF) attempted to remove H. M. Hyndman from the leadership of the party. This group… … Wikipedia