Larne


Larne

Infobox UK place
official_name= Larne
irish_name= Latharna
scots_name= Olderfleet
local_name=
static_

static_image_caption= View along Larne port
map_type= Northern Ireland
latitude= 54.851
longitude= -5.811
belfast_distance=
population= 18,228 (2001 Census)
irish_grid_reference=D4102
unitary_northern_ireland= Larne Borough
country= Northern Ireland
post_town= LARNE
postcode_area= BT
postcode_district= BT40
dial_code= 028
constituency_westminster= East Antrim
constituency_ni_assembly= East Antrim
lieutenancy_northern_ireland= County Antrim
website= [http://www.larne.gov.uk www.larne.gov.uk]

Larne (derive|Irish|Latharna|Lothair-na—the domain of a Viking chieftain) is a substantial seaport and industrial town on the east coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland with a population of 18,228 people in the 2001 Census. It has been used as a seaport for over 1,000 years, and is now mostly used by freight. Larne is twinned with Clover, South Carolina.

Larne is administered by Larne Borough Council. Together with the neighbouring district of Carrickfergus and part of Newtownabbey, it forms the East Antrim constituency for elections to the Westminster Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly.

History

During the 18th century many Irish emigrated to America from the port of Larne. A monument in Curran Park commemorates the "Friends Goodwill", the first emigrant ship to sail from Larne in May 1717, heading for Boston in the United States. Boston's long standing Irish roots can be traced to Larne. As with western and southern Ireland Larne, unlike some areas of north–east (Antrim, Down, Louth and North Dublin) and eastern Ireland (South Dublin, Wicklow), was hugely affected by the Irish Famine of the mid 19th century.Fact|date=March 2007

In 1914, Loyalists opposed to the Home Rule Act 1914 prepared for armed resistance. In an episode known as the Larne Gun Running, German weapons and ammunition were transported into the port of Larne at dead of night, and distributed all over the country. [A. T. Q. Stewart: "The Ulster Crisis", London, Faber and Faber Ltd., 1967 SBN 571 08066 9]

Transport

*Ferries sail from the harbour to destinations including Cairnryan and Troon in Scotland, and Fleetwood in England.

*Larne is connected to Belfast by the A8 road. The A2 road or 'Antrim coast road' which runs along the Antrim coast, and passes through the scenic Glens of Antrim, also serves the town. South of the town the A2 passes the side of Larne Lough, via Glynn, Magheramorne, and Ballycarry, to Whitehead and Carrickfergus. The A36 road runs from the town to Ballymena.

*A railway route to Belfast, via Whitehead and Carrickfergus, also connects Larne to the Northern Ireland Railways network. Currently there is no freight transport by rail in Northern Ireland. Both Larne Town railway station and Larne Harbour railway station opened on 1 October 1862 and closed for goods traffic on 4 January 1965. [cite web | title=Larne stations | work=Railscot - Irish Railways | url=http://www.railscot.co.uk/Ireland/Irish_railways.pdf | accessdate=2007-08-28]

*The Ballymena and Larne Railway was a narrow gauge railway. It opened in 1878, was closed to passengers in 1933 and finally completely closed in 1950.

People

*Author and poet Amanda McKittrick Ros, who has been described by critics as "The world's best bad writer",Fact|date=March 2007 taught at Millbrook National School, Larne in the 1880s.
*Coventry City footballer Michael Hughes, DJ Fergie, star Keith Semple (who was a member of One True Voice) and X-Factor finalist Phillip Magee have all put the town on the map in recent years.
*Rock band Therapy?, original lineup featured two members from Larne - Fife Ewing & Michael McKeegan. McKeegan is still with the band.
*Hugh Nelson (1830-1893) was a Canadian parliamentarian and Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia. He was born in Larne, the son of Robert Nelson and Frances Quinn, and emigrated to California in 1854 and then to British Columbia in 1858.
*Henry McNeill who was the pioneer of tourism in IrelandFact|date=March 2007 had his hotel in Larne (McNeill's Hotel). He also owned Garron Tower (Which he made into a hotel - now it is a school) The hotel has now been demolished, and now is a retirement community.
*Independent Catholic priest Father Pat Buckley runs his parish in Larne.
*Dave Clements, footballer and football manager (b.1945, Larne).
*Eddie Mooney of British Invasion / Merseybeat band The Dakotas grew up in Larne.
*Sheffield United and Northern Ireland midfielder Keith Gillespie was born in Larne.
*Veteran loyalist politician Jack McKee

Sport

* Larne F.C.
* [http://gaadir.sitesuite.com.au/cgi/directory.cgi?c=24;window=iframe Latharna Óg G.A.A Club]

Industry

* [http://www.fgwilson.com FG Wilson Ltd., Generator Manufacturer]
* [http://www.ivex.co.uk/ Ivex Ltd., Manufacturer of pharmaceutical, medical device and veterinary devices]
*InspecVision Ltd., Industrial Inspection Equipment

2001 Census

Larne is classified as a Large Town by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) [ [http://www.nisra.gov.uk/ NI Statistics and Research Agency website.] ] (i.e. with population between 18,000 and 75,000 people). On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 18,228 people living in Larne. Of these:
*20.9% were aged under 16 years and 21.2% were aged 60 and over
*48.2% of the population were male and 51.8% were female
*26.2% were from a Catholic background and 70.7% were from a Protestant background.
*4.3% of people aged 16-74 were unemployed.

For more details see: [http://www.ninis.nisra.gov.uk/ NI Neighbourhood Information Service]

Larne Harbour Police

Larne Harbour Police is a very small (approximately seven officers [ [http://www.theyworkforyou.com/wrans/?id=2007-03-05c.122442.h#Theyworkforyou.com Police Service of Northern Ireland] , retrieved 2008-06-28] ), specialised police force responsible for policing Larne Harbour. The officers of the force are sworn in as special constables under the Harbours, Docks, and Piers Clauses Act 1847, and are responsible to Larne Harbour Ltd. Jurisdiction of the constables of this very small specialised port police extends to one mile beyond the Harbour Complex. [ [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld200506/ldhansrd/vo060605/text/60605w07.htm#Lords Hansard Report 5 June 2006] ]

Footnotes

ee also

* List of towns in Northern Ireland
* List of villages in Northern Ireland
* List of RNLI stations
* Larne Gun Running

References

* [http://www.culturenorthernireland.org/town_Home.aspx?co=16&to=336&ca=0&sca=0&navID=1 Larne on the "Culture Northern Ireland" website.]

External links

* [http://www.larne.com Larne Town]
* [http://www.portoflarne.co.uk/about-us/history/ A history of the Port of Larne]
* [http://www.larneferryweb.com/ Larne Ferry Web]
* [http://www.larnerfc.co.uk/ Larne R.F.C.]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Larne — Escocés: Olderfleet Irlandés: Latharna Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Larne FC — Larne Football Club Larne FC Club fondé en 1890 …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Larne —   [ lɑːn],    1) Stadt in Nordirland, Verwaltungssitz des Distrikts Larne, an der Küste nördlich von Belfast, 17 600 Einwohner; Betriebe des Maschinenbaus und der elektrotechnischen Industrie; Fremdenverkehr (Seebad); Fährhafen (64 km lange… …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Larne — (spr. lahrn), Seestadt in der irischen Grafsch. Antrim, (1901) 6670 E.; Leinweberei, Handel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Larné — Difficile de se prononcer sur ce nom, faute de données géographiques précises. En 1900, c est dans la Seine et Marne qu il était le plus répandu, mais rien ne dit qu il en soit originaire. Si le nom vient du Sud Ouest, ce devrait être un toponyme …   Noms de famille

  • Larne F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Larne fullname = Larne Football Club nickname = The Harbour Rats founded = 1889 ground = Inver Park, Larne County Antrim capacity = 3,000 (800 seats) chairman = Chris McAdam manager = Graham McConnell league = IFA …   Wikipedia

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