- Culture of Detroit, Michigan
The culture of
Detroit, Michigan, has been closely associated with various forms of popular music in the 20th century, notably with Motown. The city's culture has also been associated with the automobile, as well as by the large role industry plays in the city's economy.
Entertainment and performing arts
Music has been the dominant feature of Detroit's nightlife since the late 1940s. The metropolitan area boasts two of the top live music venues in the U.S.
DTE Energy Music Theatre(formerly Pine Knob) was the most attended summer venue in the U.S. in 2005 for the fifteenth consecutive year, while The Palace of Auburn Hillsranked twelfth, according to music industry source Pollstar. [ [http://www.palacenet.com/prdetail.cfm?pressreleaseID=2541&category=2 DTE Energy Music Theatre Listed as 2004 Top Attended Amphitheatre (1/25/05] . "DTE Energy Music Theatre".] Detroit's major performance centers include Orchestra Hall home of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, the Detroit Opera House, the Fox Theatre, Masonic Temple Theatre, the Fisher Theatre, and the Detroit Film Theatre at the Detroit Institute of Arts.
Through the 1950s Detroit was a jazz center with stars of the era often came to Detroit's Black Bottom neighborhood to perform. [Herb Boyd (9/17/97) [http://www.metrotimes.com/music/special/jazzhist/51jazzhist.html Cookin' in the Motor City] . "The Metro Times".] One highlight of Detroit's musical history was
Motown Recordssuccess during the 1960s and early 1970s, founded in Detroit by Berry Gordy, Jr.and home to popular recording acts including Marvin Gaye, Stevie Wonderand Diana Ross& the Supremes. Also during the late 1960s, Detroiter Aretha Franklinbecame America's preeminent female soul artist, recording on the competing Atlantic Recordslabel.
In the late 1960s, Metro Detroit was the epicenter for high-energy rock music with (
MC5and Iggy and the Stooges),Cite book | author=Harrington, Joe | year=2002 | title=Sonic Cool: The Life and Death of Rock'N'Roll | publisher=Hal Leonard| id=ISBN 0634028618, p. 251.] Cite book | author=Bogdanov, Vladimir and Chris Woodstra, Stephen Thomas Erlewine, John Bush | year=2002 | title=All Music Guide to Rock: The Definitive Guide to Rock, Pop, and Soul (3rd Ed.) | publisher=Hal Leonard: Backbeat Books | id=ISBN 087930653X] the precursors of the punk rockmovement. Rock acts from southeast Michigan that enjoyed success in the 1970s were Bob Seger, Ted Nugent& The Amboy Dukes, Alice Cooper, The Romanticsand Grand Funk Railroadas well as more recent acts like Marshall Crenshaw, Kid Rock, The White Stripes, The Von Bondiesand Madonna. The Detroit area is also generally accepted as the birthplace of the Techno movement, which has grown from local radio and clubs to dance venues worldwide. The three musicians most frequently credited with giving birth to Techno are Derrick May, Juan Atkins, and Kevin Saunderson. Detroit hip hop rose to prominence in the late nineties with the emergence of Eminem.Cite book | author=Bogdanov, Vladimir and Chris Woodstra, Stephen Thomas Erlewine, John Bush | year=2003 | title=All Music Guide to Hip-Hop: The Definitive Guide to Rap and Hip-Hop | publisher= Hal Leonard: Backbeat Books | id=ISBN 0879307595] Cite book| author=Gavrilovich, Peter and Bill McGraw |title=The Detroit Almanac|publisher=Detroit Free Press| year=2000|id=ISBN 0937247341] Other Detroit hip-hop artists include Insane Clown Posse, Aaliyah, D12, Royce Da 5'9" Teairra Mari, Obie Trice, Trick Trick, Rock Bottom, Street Lord'zand the late Blade Icewood, Slum Village.
Renaissance Center's Winter Garden is the site of the annual "Fash Bash", a major fashion event traditionally held in August.Hodges, Michael H. (September 8, 2003). [http://info.detnews.com/redesign/history/story/historytemplate.cfm?id=215 Fox Theater's rebirth ushered in city's renewal] . Michigan History, "The Detroit News". Retrieved on November 23, 2007.] Coordinated by the Detroit Institute of Arts, the event features celebrities and models showcasing the latest fashion trends.
In 1991, a cultural phenomenon began among hair salons which evolved into the Detroit
Hair Wars. A showcase of fantastical hair piece creations, often using human hair as the main content, has since become a national trend among African-American hair-styling tours.cite web
url = http://www.metrotimes.com/editorial/story.asp?id=6098
title = Tressed to kill
accessmonthday = Sept 25th
accessyear = 2006
author = Sarah Klein
7 April 2004
year = 2004
month = April
publisher = Metrotimes
language = English]
Festivals and events
Detroit has three major events that are associated with the automobile industry: the
North American International Auto Show(January), Society of Automotive Engineersworld congress (April) and the Woodward Dream Cruise(August). Annual music events in the city include the DEMF/Movement/Fuse-In electronic music festival (May), Ford Detroit International Jazz Festival(September), and the Concert of Colors, a summer music festival. The Comerica CityFestis traditionally held in the New Centerarea around Independence Day.
Windsor-Detroit International Freedom Festivalfeatures a fireworks display over the Detroit International Riverfrontand coincides with U.S. Independence day (July 4) and Canada Day(July 1). The Tastefestand Detroit Thunder Fest hydroplanerace take place in July. Detroit Fashion Weekhappens in August. The America's Thanksgiving Parade, originally the Hudson's Thanksgiving Day Parade, is one of the nation's largest and has been held continuously since 1924. [ [http://www.theparade.org/parade/index.shtml Everyone Loves a Parade] . "The Parade Company".]
The day before
Ash Wednesday, or the festival of Mardi Gras/ Fat Tuesday, is more frequently celebrated locally as "Paczki Day" by the large Polish population. Many Metro Detroiters join in the festivity by indulging in jelly-filled donuts called paczkis. [Robert Strybel (2/5/01). [http://www.polartcenter.com/articles.asp?id=129 Polish fast food in America?] . "polartcenter.com".]
Founded in 1907 by two Russian immigrant brothers in Detroit,
Faygopop remains a Detroit tradition. Detroit was also the birthplace of Vernors ginger ale, the longest-surviving soft drink in the United States, Better Madepotato chips and the Coney Island restaurant. [Kim Silarski (5/22/03). [http://www.usatoday.com/travel/extraday/detroit/tips.htm Insider Tips] . "USA Today".]
The Bayview Yacht Club sponsors the annual
Port Huron to Mackinac Boat Raceas well as a number of other regional and local regattas.
Recently added events include the Motown Winter Blast in February and the Detroit River Days celebration in June.
The City of Detroit has had a large and thriving black community since the 1920s, when many
African Americansmoved to northern cities to find work in the then-booming industrial sector. This Great Migration continued through the 1960s. Paradise Valley and Black Bottom were early centers of black culture in the city, which were later leveled to build a freeway and high income apartments. By the mid-1970s, African Americans formed more than half the city's population.
Many black churches are located in the city, including the historic Second Baptist Church, which assisted runaway slaves. A monument to the
Underground Railroadwas erected in 2001 at Hart Plaza downtown. The Shrine of the Black Madonna of the Pan-African Orthodox Christian Church was founded in 1953 by the Rev. Albert B. Cleage. Rev. Cleage was an influential figure in the Black Power Movementboth nationally and locally. One of the churches' institutions is the Shrine of the Black Madonna Cultural Center & Bookstore, one of the nation's oldest black-owned bookstores.
The Graystone International Jazz Museum documents
jazzin Detroit. [ [http://www.ipl.org.ar/exhibit/detjazz/Graystone.html The Graystone International Jazz Museum ] ] [ [http://www.ipl.org.ar/exhibit/detjazz/ Swinging Through Time: The Graystone Museum and the story of Detroit jazz ] ]
Berry Gordyfounded Motown Records, one of the first black-owned record labels. Over the next decade, a number of top artists, including The Supremes, The Temptations, Stevie Wonderand Marvin Gaye, signed with the label. The company relocated to Los Angelesin 1972, but the city has seen new movements develop since then, including disco, funk, and hip hop music.
Detroit has produced a large number of black athletes. Perhaps the most legendary is
Joe Louis, heavyweight boxing champion from 1937 to 1949. Louis is memorialized with a sculpture of a giant fist at the intersection of Jefferson and Woodward Avenues, as well as in the name of Joe Louis Arena.
Detroit has an emerging section of hip hop artists from the inner city, such as:
Blade Icewood, the Street Lord'z, Tone-Tone, Y.B.I., Trick-Trick, Big Herk, and Rock Bottom
Detroit has a reputation as one of the finest centers of
soul foodin Michigan, with a number of highly-regarded establishments.
Detroit Historical Museum
Detroit in literature
Detroit in the movies
History of Detroit
List of songs about Detroit
Michigan History magazine
* [http://www.ci.detroit.mi.us/culture/ City of Detroit - Culture and Entertainment]
* [http://detroithiphop.net DetroitHipHop.net:An overview and commentary on the Detroit Hip Hop scene]
* [http://www.girl-in-the-d.blogspot.com Girl in the D]
* [http://detroitmidtown.com/05/ Midtown Detroit]
* [http://www.metrotimes.com/ Metrotimes]
* [http://www.motorcityrocks.com MotorCityRocks.com:Chronicles the Detroit music scene]
* [http://www.motorcityrock.com MotorCityRock.com: Preserving Detroit's Local Music Scene of the 1980s]
* [http://info.detnews.com/history/story/index.cfm?id=174&category=life Paradise Valley and Black Bottom]
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