Grande Oriente d'Italia


Grande Oriente d'Italia

The Grande Oriente d'Italia or "Grand Orient of Italy" (GOI) is a masonic organization based at Palazzo Giustiniani, Rome. It was founded in 1805. ["Nel 1805 fu costituito il Grande Oriente d’Italia." Tran. "In 1805 the Grand Orient of Italy was founded." [http://www.grandeoriente.it/stor1.htm La storia 1805-1860] , from the [http://www.grandeoriente.it/ GOI Official website] ]

Past grand masters included Giuseppe Garibaldi [ [http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/biography/garibaldi_g/garibaldi.html Garibaldi — the mason] Translated from Giuseppe Garibaldi Massone by the Grand Orient of Italy] , the sculptor Ettore Ferrari, [Entry Giuseppe Mazzini in [http://www.phoenixmasonry.org/10,000_famous_freemasons/Volume_3_K_to_P.htm Volume III K - P] , 10,000 FAMOUS FREEMASONS, By WILLIAM R. DENSLOW] , 1957, Macoy Publishing & Masonic Supply Co., Inc.] the mayor of Rome Ernesto Nathan [ [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Ernesto_Nathan Ernesto Nathan] , 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica] and Giuseppe Mazzini. [Entry Giuseppe Mazzini in [http://www.phoenixmasonry.org/10,000_famous_freemasons/Volume_3_K_to_P.htm Volume III K - P] , 10,000 FAMOUS FREEMASONS, By WILLIAM R. DENSLOW] , 1957, Macoy Publishing & Masonic Supply Co., Inc.]

In 1894 there were moves from some of the lodges in the Grande Oriente to expel former Prime Minister Francesco Crispi for being too friendly towards the Catholic Church. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9406EED91531E033A25753C1A9669D94659ED7CF Crispi to be Expelled by Freemasons] , New York Times, October 10, 1894, Page 2]

Freemasonry was suppressed by Mussolini in 1925, being restarted after the Second World War. [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,922553,00.html?promoid=googlep Centuries of Secrecy] , Time Magazine, June 8, 1981]

In 1972 it was recognised as regular by the United Grand Lodge of England. [ [http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/anti-masonry/anti-masonry01.html#p2 5. What was the P2 Lodge?] , Anti-masonry Frequently Asked Questions, [http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/ Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon] ]

Propaganda Due, a pseudo-masonic lodge that was implicated in the murder of Roberto Calvi, was originally chartered by the Grand Orient. [ [http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/anti-masonry/anti-masonry01.html#p2 5. What was the P2 Lodge?] , Anti-masonry Frequently Asked Questions, [http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/ Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon] ]

References


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