William Sturgeon

William Sturgeon

Infobox Scientist
name = William Sturgeon
box_width =

image_width =150px
caption = William Sturgeon
birth_date = May 22, 1783
birth_place = Whittington, Lancashire
death_date = December 4, 1850
death_place = Prestwich, Lancashire
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = English
ethnicity =
field = physicist
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = electromagnet and electro motor
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

William Sturgeon (May 22, 1783 - December 4, 1850) was an English physicist and inventor who made the first electromagnets, and invented the first practical electric motor.

Sturgeon was born in Whittington, Lancashire and apprenticed to a shoemaker. He joined the army in 1802 and taught himself mathematics and physics. In 1824 he became lecturer in science at the East India Company College at Addiscombe, Surrey and in the following year he exhibited his first electromagnet.Gee (2004)] He displayed its power by lifting nine pounds with a seven-ounce piece of iron wrapped with wire through which a current from a single battery was sent. In 1828 he put into practice Ampere's idea of a solenoid.Fact|date=July 2007

In 1832 he was appointed to the lecturing staff of the Adelaide Gallery of Practical Science in London, where he first demonstrated the DC electric motor incorporating a commutator. In 1836 he established the journal "Annals of Electricity", and in the same year he invented a galvanometer.

Sturgeon was a close associate of John Peter Gassiot and Charles Vincent Walker and the three were instrumental in founding the London Electrical Society in 1837. [Harrison, W. J. (2004) " [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/10439 Gassiot, John Peter (1797–1877)] ", rev. Iwan Rhys Morus, "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography", Oxford University Press, accessed 5 Aug 2007 (subscription required)]

In 1840 he became superintendent of the Royal Victoria Gallery of Practical Science in Manchester. He formed a close social circle with John Davies, one of the Gallery's promoters, and Davies' student James Prescott Joule, a circle that eventually extended to include Edward William Binney and John Leigh. [Kargon (1977) "pp"38-40] The Gallery closed in 1842, and he earned a living by lecturing and demonstrating. He died in Prestwich in 1850.



*Gee, W. (2004) " [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/26748 Sturgeon, William (1783–1850)] ", rev. Frank A. J. L. James, "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography", Oxford University Press, accessed 25 July 2007 ODNBsub
* cite book | author=Kargon, R. H. | title=Science in Victorian Manchester: Enterprise and Expertise | location=Baltimore | publisher=Johns Hopkins University Press | year=1977 | id=ISBN 0-8018-1969-5

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William Sturgeon — (* 22. Mai 1783 in Whittington, Lancashire; † 4. Dezember 1850 in Prestwich) war ein englischer Physiker und Erfinder, der die ersten Elektromagnete herstellte. William Sturgeon …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Sturgeon — William Sturgeon, (22 de mayo de 1783 4 de diciembre de 1850), fue un físico e inventor británico que construyó, en 1825, el primer electroimán e inventó el primer motor eléctrico práctico. El primer electroimán era un trozo de hierro con forma… …   Wikipedia Español

  • William Sturgeon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sturgeon. William Sturgeon (22 mai 1783 4 décembre 1850) était un scientifique et inventeur anglais. Il a inventé le premier électroaimant en 1825 ainsi que le premier moteur électrique utilisable en pratique en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joseph Henry, William Sturgeon — electromagnet …   Inventors, Inventions

  • Sturgeon (disambiguation) — Sturgeon can refer to:People* Daniel Sturgeon, American physician, banker and Democratic Party politician from Uniontown, Pennsylvania * Nicola Sturgeon, Current Deputy First Minister of Scotland * Theodore Sturgeon, American science fiction… …   Wikipedia

  • Sturgeon — (engl.: Stör) steht für: Sturgeon Lake, mehrere Seen in Nordamerika Sturgeon Klasse, atomgetriebene Jagd U Boote der United States Navy SS N 20 Sturgeon, NATO Codename für eine russischen Interkontinentalrakete Codename einer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sturgeon House — 42.028611111111 80.253888888889 Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sturgeon — This interesting surname is an English metonymic occupational name for a fishmonger, or possibly a nickname, from the medieval English sturgeon (an aphetic form of the Old French estourgeon , of Germanic origin), a sturgeon being the name of a… …   Surnames reference

  • Sturgeon — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sturgeon est le nom de famille de Daniel Sturgeon (1789 – 1878), physicien, banquier et homme politique américain (voir (en) Daniel Sturgeon Nicola… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sturgeon —    a proposed unit of magnetic reluctance. Reluctance is the opposite of inductance (see henry). The reluctance in sturgeons equals 1 divided by the inductance in henrys; one sturgeon is also equal to one ampere per weber (A/Wb). The unit honors… …   Dictionary of units of measurement

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.