- Christian Social People's Party
Christian Social People's Party
Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei
President Michel Wolter General Secretary Marc Spautz Founded 1944 Headquarters 34 rue de l'Eau
Youth wing Christian Social Youth Ideology Christian democracy
Political position Centre-right International affiliation Centrist Democrat International European affiliation European People's Party European Parliament Group European People's Party Official colours Orange, Grey Chamber of Deputies European Parliament Website csv.lu Politics of Luxembourg
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The Christian Social People's Party (Luxembourgish: Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei, French: Parti populaire chrétien social, German: Christlich Soziale Volkspartei), abbreviated to CSV or PCS, is the largest political party in Luxembourg. The party follows a Christian Democratic and conservative ideology and, like most parties in Luxembourg, it is strongly pro-European. It is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and the Centrist Democrat International.
The CSV has been the largest party in the Chamber of Deputies since the party's formation, and currently holds 26 of 60 seats in the Chamber. Since the Second World War, every Prime Minister of Luxembourg has been a member of the CSV, with only one exception (Gaston Thorn, 1974–1979). It holds three of Luxembourg's six seats in the European Parliament, as it has for 20 of the 30 years for which MEPs have been directly elected.
The President is Michel Wolter. However, the leading figure from the party is the Prime Minister, Jean-Claude Juncker, who governs in coalition with the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP). Eight other CSV members sit in the cabinet of fifteen people.
- 1914: The earliest roots of the CSV date back to the 16 January 1914, with the foundation of the Party of the Right.
- 1944: The Party of the Right is officially transformed into the CSV.
- 1945: The first elections after the Second World War took place; the party won 25 out of 51 seats, missing an absolute majority by a single seat.
- 1945 - 1974: The party was in government from 1945 to 1974 and gave Luxembourg the following Prime Ministers: Pierre Dupong, Joseph Bech, Pierre Frieden, and Pierre Werner. Mostly in a coalition with the Democratic Party (DP), it gave Luxembourg a certain economic and social stability.
- 1974: The party goes into opposition for the first time, as the Democratic Party's Gaston Thorn becomes Prime Minister in coalition with the LSAP.
- 1979: The party gets back into government after its victory in the 1979 elections; Pierre Werner becomes PM.
- 1984: Jacques Santer becomes PM.
- 1995: Jean-Claude Juncker becomes PM, Jacques Santer becomes President of the European Commission
- 2004: The party is currently in a coalition with the Luxembourg Socialist Workers Party, it has 24 out of 60 seats
Below are charts of the results that the Christian Social People's Party has secured in the Chamber of Deputies at each election. Timelines showing the number of seats and percentage of votes won are on the right.
Year Vote % Place Seats Place Cabinet 1945 25 1st Yes 1948 22 1st Yes 1951 21 1st Yes 1954 42.4 1st 26 1st Yes 1959 36.9 1st 21 1st Yes 1964 33.3 2nd 22 1st Yes 1968 35.2 1st 21 1st Yes 1974 27.6 2nd 18 1st No 1979 34.5 1st 24 1st Yes 1984 34.9 1st 25 1st Yes 1989 32.4 1st 22 1st Yes 1994 30.3 1st 21 1st Yes 1999 30.1 1st 19 1st Yes 2004 36.1 1st 24 1st Yes 2009 38.0 1st 26 1st Yes
- Émile Reuter (1945 – 1964)
- Tony Biever (1964 – 1965)
- Jean Dupong (1965 – 1972)
- Nicolas Mosar (1972 – 1974)
- Jacques Santer (1974 – 1982)
- Jean Spautz (1982 – 1990)
- Jean-Claude Juncker (1990 – 1995)
- Erna Hennicot-Schoepges (1995 – 2003)
- François Biltgen (2003 – 2009)
- Michel Wolter (2009 – present day)
- Jean-Pierre Kraemer (1977 – 1984)
- Willy Bourg (1984 – 1990)
- Camille Dimmer (1990 – 1995)
- Claude Wiseler (1995 – 2000)
- Jean-Louis Schiltz (2000 – 2006)
- Marco Schank (2006 – 2009)
- Marc Spautz (14 November 2009 – present day)
Presidents in the Chamber of Deputies
- Tony Biever (1959 – 1974)
- Pierre Werner (1974 – 1979)
- Nicolas Mosar (1979 – 1984)
- François Colling (1984 – 1995)
- Lucien Weiler (? – 2004)
- Michel Wolter (31 July 2004 – 22 July 2009)
- Jean-Louis Schiltz (22 July 2009 – 1 March 2011)
- Lucien Thiel (1 March 2011 – 25 August 2011)
- ^ "François Biltgen". Service Information et Presse. 2006-06-07. Archived from the original on 2006-07-09. http://web.archive.org/web/20060709185432/http://www.gouvernement.lu/gouvernement/membres/biltgen/cv_en/index.html. Retrieved 2006-07-18.
- ^ New leader for the CSV
- ^ (Luxembourgish) "Perséinlechkeeten aus der CSV". Christian Social People's Party. http://csv.lu/lb/pages/personnalites.html. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
Political parties in LuxembourgRepresented in the
Chamber of DeputiesOther parties
Defunct partiesPre-1945 defunct partiesPost-1945 defunct parties
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