- Pontifical High Mass
In the context of the
Tridentine Massof the Roman Catholic Church, a Pontifical High Mass, also called Solemn Pontifical Mass, is a Solemn or High Mass celebrated by a bishopusing certain prescribed ceremonies. The term is also used among Anglo-Catholic Anglicans.
In the early Church, Mass was normally celebrated by the bishop, with other clergy. In the
Roman Ritethis evolved into a form of Solemn High Mass celebrated by a bishopaccompanied by a deacon, subdeacon, thurifer, acolyte(s) and other ministers, under the guidance of a priest acting as Master of Ceremonies. Most often the specific parts assigned to deacon and subdeacon are performed by priests. The parts to be said aloud are all chanted, except that the Prayers at the Foot of the Altar, which before the reform of Pope Pius Vwere said in the sacristy or during the entrance procession, were said quietly by the bishop with the deacon and the subdeacon, while the choir sang the Introit.
The full Pontifical High Mass is carried out when the bishop celebrates the Mass at the throne (or cathedra) in his own cathedral church, or with permission at the throne in another diocese. [CathEncy|wstitle=Pontifical Mass]
Low Masscelebrated by a bishop is almost identical with a priest's Low Mass, except that the bishop puts on the maniple only after the Prayers at the Foot of the Altar.
Differences from ordinary Solemn Mass
Celebration by a Bishop other than the Pope
In contrast to celebration by a priest, a bishop celebrates almost the entire first half of the Solemn High Mass (until the offertory) at the "
cathedra" (often referred to as his throne) to the left of the altar. Instead of saying "Dominus vobiscum" (The Lord be with you) as the opening liturgical greeting, a bishop says "Pax vobis" (Peace to you).
A bishop also wears vestments additional to those of a priest:
dalmatic, the distinctive vestment of a deacon, worn under the bishop's chasubleto show that he has the full powers of the sacrament of Holy Orders
tunicle, the particular vestment of the subdeacon, worn under the bishop's dalmatic, further to show the fullness of the major orders. Since the 19th century it looks almost exactly the same as the dalmatic
mitre, the bishop's hat
crosier, the bishop's hooked staff
buskins (ceremonial stockings) along with [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13434a.htm episcopal sandals] a specially decorated form of footwear, in the shape of loafers
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06589a.htm liturgical gloves]
* A metropolitan archbishop, celebrating Mass within the area of his jurisdiction, wears a
palliumover the chasuble, as a sign of the special authority granted by the Pope, but which technically is not extensive, over the suffragan bishops.
When the bishop sits at the
cathedra, a special silk cloth, called a gremial(e), of the same liturgical colour as the bishop's vestments, was placed in his lap.
The Pope's Pontifical High Mass, when celebrated with full solemnity, was even more elaborate. The
Gospeland Epistlewas sung not only in Latin by a Latin-Rite deaconand subdeacon, but also in Greek by Eastern clergy, wearing the vestments of their own rite and observing its customs, such as placing the deacon's stole on the Gospel Book and bowing rather than genuflecting. This was done to stress the unity of the universal Catholic Church, formed by both the Eastern and the Western ( Latin Rite) Churches in full communion. (If Latin is used at a Papal Mass, this practice is retained, as seen at the inauguration of the pontificate of Pope Benedict XVI.)
At the elevations of host and chalice, the Silveri symphony was played on the trumpets of the no longer existing Noble Guard. (Through a misunderstanding of the name "Silveri", English speakers sometimes referred to this as the sounding of "silver trumpets".) An asterisk - a common eucharistic implement in the
Eastern Rites, in which it is shaped differently from the twelve-ray asterisk that was used in Papal Masses - was used to cover the host on the paten, when it was brought to the Pope at his throne for communion. The Pope drank the consecrated wine (changed into the blood of Christ) through a golden tube. (Even for the laity, the use of a tube ("General Instruction of the Roman Missal", 248-250) [http://www.catholicliturgy.com/index.cfm/FuseAction/documentText/Index/4/SubIndex/67/ContentIndex/178/Start/1] is one of the four ways envisaged in the 1970 revision of the Roman Missalfor receiving Communion from the chalice.) It was also customary for some of the bread and wine used at the Mass to be consumed, as a precaution against poison or invalid matter, by the sacristan and the cup-bearer in the presence of the Pope at the offertory and again before the "Pater noster" in a short ceremony called the "praegustatio". [ [http://perso.orange.fr/civitas.dei/PapalMass.htm "Solemn Papal Mass"] ]
Anglican use of the term
Anglo-Catholictradition of Anglicanism, the term "Pontifical High Mass" may refer to a Mass celebrated with the traditional Tridentine ceremonies described above. Liturgical manuals such as "Ritual Notes" provide a framework for incorporating Tridentine ceremonial into the services of the Book of Common Prayer. More generally, the term may refer to any High Mass celebrated by a bishop, usually in the presence of his or her throne. The Pontifical High Mass is one of four full-form pontifical functions, the other three being pontifical Evensong, High Mass in the presence of a greater prelate, and Solemn Evensong in the presence of a greater prelate. In its more traditional form, the ministers required at the service are a deaconand subdeaconof the Mass, assistant deacons in dalmatics, and an assistant priest in copeand surplice, who acts as the episcopal chaplain, along with the usual servers. [E.C.R. Lamburn, "Ritual Notes", 11th ed. (London: Knott, 1964), 411ff.]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mass (liturgy) — A 15th century Mass … Wikipedia
Mass of Paul VI — This article is about the post Vatican II changes to the Mass; for an explanation of the current structure of the Mass, see Mass (liturgy). The Mass of Pope Paul VI is the liturgy of the Catholic Mass of the Roman Rite promulgated by Paul VI in… … Wikipedia
Mass (music) — The Mass, a form of sacred musical composition, is a choral composition that sets the invariable portions of the Eucharistic liturgy (principally that of the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, and the Lutheran Church) to music. Most Masses… … Wikipedia
Pontifical vestments — The pontifical vestments, also referred to as episcopal vestments or pontificals, are the liturgical vestments worn by bishops (and by concession some other prelates) in the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Eastern Catholic, Anglican, and some… … Wikipedia
Mass of the Catechumens — The Mass (or Liturgy) of the Catechumens is an ancient title for the first half of the Roman Catholic or Eastern Orthodox worship service known as the Mass or Divine Liturgy. This part of the Mass is now referred to by the Catholic Church as the… … Wikipedia
pontifical mass — noun Usage: often capitalized P&M : a solemn mass celebrated by a bishop or by one of the higher ecclesiastical prelates * * * (sometimes l.c.) Rom. Cath. Ch. a High Mass celebrated by a bishop or other prelate. * * * pontifical mass noun Mass… … Useful english dictionary
pontifical — adj. & n. adj. 1 RC Ch. of or befitting a pontiff; papal. 2 pompously dogmatic; with an attitude of infallibility. n. 1 an office book of the Western Church containing rites to be performed by the Pope or bishops. 2 (in pl.) the vestments and… … Useful english dictionary
Pontifical Mass — (sometimes l.c.) Rom. Cath. Ch. a High Mass celebrated by a bishop or other prelate. * * * … Universalium
pontifical Mass — noun (in the Roman Catholic Church) a High Mass celebrated by a cardinal or bishop … English new terms dictionary
High Altar — • The chief altar in a church, raised on an elevated plane in the sanctuary, where it may be seen simultaneously by all the faithful in the body of the church Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. High Altar High Altar … Catholic encyclopedia