Cilician Thebe


Cilician Thebe

Cilician Thebe was a city in Greek mythology. It was located in or near the Troad, in a region termed Cilicia[1] and received the epithet Cilician to distinguish it from the Boeotian city of Thebes and the Egyptian Thebes. Alternative names include Placia, Hypoplacia and Hypoplacian Thebe(s), referring to the city's position at the foot of Mount Placus.

According to one account, the city of Thebe was founded by the hero Heracles after his sack of Troy during the reign of King Laomedon and named after his birthplace, Thebes in Boeotia.

At the time of the Trojan War, Hypoplacian Thebe was in the hands of a people known as the Cilicians, and ruled by King Eetion. Eetion's daughter Andromache was given in marriage to Hector, son of King Priam of Troy.

The Achaians, led by Achilleus, sacked the city during the latter part of the war, killed King Eetion, his wife and his sons. They also carried off several women, including Chryseis, who became the concubine of Agamemnon. Chryseis's father attempts to ransom his daughter, initiating the plot of Homer's Iliad.

Notes

  1. ^ This Cilicia was distinct from the more famous Cilicia in southern Asia Minor.

References


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  • Eetion — This article is about the father of Andromache. For other usages, see Eetion (disambiguation). In Greek mythology, Eëtion was the king of the Cilician Thebe. He is the father of Andromache, wife of Hector, and of seven sons, including Podes. In… …   Wikipedia

  • Andromache — In Greek mythology, Andromache (Ancient Greek: polytonic|Ἀνδρομάχη) was the wife of Hector and daughter of Eetion, and sister to Podes. She was born and raised in the city of Cilician Thebe, over which her father ruled. The name means battle of a …   Wikipedia

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  • Eetion (disambiguation) — Eëtion may refer to:In Greek mythology : *Eëtion, King of the Cilician Thebe mentioned in the Iliad. *Eëtion, ruler over the island of Imbros mentioned in the Iliad. He buys Priam s captured son Lycaon and restores him to his father.In Greek… …   Wikipedia

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