- Caproni Ca.133
number built =
unit cost =
variants with their own articles =
The Caproni Ca.133 was a three-engine transport/bomber aircraft used by the Italian
Regia Aeronauticafrom the Second Italo-Abyssinian Waruntil World War II.
Originally developed as a civilian airliner and successor to the
Caproni Ca.101, the Ca.133 prototype first flew in December 1934, and production began in 1935. The military versions of the aircraft were used as transports and light bombers and saw action on all fronts.
The Ca.133, like its predecessor the Ca.101, was a robust and inexpensive aircraft, designed to be easily maintained in difficult conditions and economical to operate. Its performance suffered accordingly, even by 1930's standards.
The aircraft was powered by three engines, one in the nose, and one under each wing mounted in nacelles supported by steel tubes. It was of mixed construction, with a fuselage of steel tubes covered in plywood and fabric. The wing was mounted high, roughly elliptical, and made of wood and steel. The undercarriage was spatted and fixed.
Armament consisted of four
Vickers machine guns; one dorsal, one ventral, and two lateral. Two small internal bomb bays were able to hold up to 500 kg, and larger ordnance could be mounted externally.
econd Italo-Abyssinian War (1935–1936)
The Ca.133 was well-suited for colonial use, and it became the most successful of all Italian colonial aircraft.
Around 100 Ca.133s took part in the conflict, and as well as 'normal' bombing and strafing, they were often equipped with
mustard gasand Phosgenechemical bombs. These weapons were forbidden by the Geneva Protocolof 1925, but in this war (and in Libya) the Italians ignored the convention.
The Ca.133s were also used as transports to support the army, as well as reconnaissance aircraft.
Without any air opposition, and
flakalmost exclusively based on small calibre arms, air power was a decisive factor in Italy's final victory, culminating in the capture of Addis Ababain early 1936. Even so, COIN (COunter INsurrection) operations continued until the start of World War II.
panish Civil War (1936–1939)
World War II (1939-1945)
The Ca.133 was used mostly as a light transport aircraft in mainland Italy, supporting fighter and bomber squadrons by carrying supplies, personnel and spare parts. It was also used as an air ambulance in the Ca.133S (Sanitary) variant. Over 250 Ca.133s were in service in September 1939, when the war broke out. Some survived until the Armistice in 1943.
A handful were retained for civilian service with the airline
Ala Littoria. Some were exported to Austria.
The last Ca.133 was phased out by the
Aeronautica Militarein 1947, and the last Ca.148 flew until 1956 with the Italian Aeroclub.
;Ca.133: Bomber and transport;Ca.133S: Medical transport;Ca.133T: Troop transport;Ca.148: Stretched 8-seat civil/military transport
*"Kommando Luftstreitkräfte" received five aircraft.
Fliegerregiment 2;flag|Italy|1861 (Wartime)
Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana";UK (Wartime)
Royal Air Force
No. 117 Squadron RAF;ITA (Postwar)
Air Staff Liaison Flight
Ala Littoriareceived twelve aircraft.
plane or copter?=plane
jet or prop?=prop
ref=World Encyclopedia of Civil Aircraft [cite book
title=World Encyclopedia of Civil Aircraft
crew=5 for bomber, 2 for transport
length main=15.36 m
length alt=59 ft 4.75 in
span alt=69 ft 8 in
height main=4.0 m
height alt=13 ft 2 in
area main=65 m²
area alt=700 ft²
empty weight main=4,000 kg
empty weight alt=8,800 lb
loaded weight main=6,525 kg
loaded weight alt=14,390 lb
max takeoff weight main=
max takeoff weight alt=
PiaggioStella VII.C 16
type of prop=air-cooled
number of props=3
power main=460 hp
power alt=340 kW
max speed main=230 km/h
max speed alt=120 knots, 140 mph
cruise speed main=200 km/h
cruise speed alt=110 knots, 120 mph
range main=1,350 km
range alt=729 nm, 840 mi
ceiling main=5,500 m
ceiling alt=18,000 ft
climb rate main=
climb rate alt=
loading main=100 kg/m²
loading alt=21 lb/ft²
power/mass main=210 W/kg
power/mass alt=130 hp/lb
guns=4 × 7.7 mm (0.303 in)
Breda-SAFAT machine guns
bombs=500 kg (1,100 lb)
*"Ca.133 reconnaissance table", Storia militare magazine n.83. it icon
* [http://www.century-of-flight.net/Aviation%20history/coming%20of%20age/Caproni%20Ca.133.htm Century-of-flight.net]
* [http://www.ams.vr.it/Progetto_Caproni/Caproni_Plane/Ca-133/Ca-133.htm Caproni Ca.133] it icon
* [http://www.aerei-italiani.net/SchedeT/aereoca133.htm aerei-italiani.net] it icon
* [http://www.airwar.ru/enc/bww2/ca133.html airwar.ru] ru icon
* [http://www.histaviation.com/Caproni_Ca_133.html Examples exported]
* ← Ca.140 - Ca.142 - Ca.146 - Ca.148 - Ca.150 - Ca.153 - Ca.154 →
List of aircraft of Italy, World War II
List of airliners
List of bomber aircraft
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Caproni Ca.133 — Die Caproni Ca.133 war ein dreimotoriges italienisches Transportflugzeug bzw. ein Bomber der Regia Aeronautica im Zweiten Weltkrieg und der Nachkriegszeit. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Entwicklung 2 Varianten 3 Technische Daten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Caproni — Тип частная Год основания 1908 Упразднена 1950 Расположение … Википедия
Caproni — Création 1908 Disparition 1950 Fondateurs Giovanni Battista Caproni … Wikipédia en Français
Caproni — Giovanni Battista Caproni, oft Gianni Caproni (* 3. Juli 1886 in Massone bei Arco; † 27. Oktober 1957 in Rom) war ein italienischer Luftfahrtingenieur und Unternehmer. Er gründete das nach ihm benannte Luftfahrtunternehmen Caproni.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Caproni Ca.135 — Infobox Aircraft name = Caproni Ca.135 type = Medium bomber manufacturer = Caproni caption = Ca.135 of the Hungarian Air Force, 1942. designer = Cesare Pallavicino first flight = 1 April 1935 introduced = 1937 retired = status = primary user =… … Wikipedia
Caproni — Infobox Defunct Company company name = Caproni foundation = 1908 location = Italy fate = Unknown defunct = 1950 industry = Aerospace products = Transport aircraft Bombers Experimental planes Air force trainers Seaplanes subsids = Caproni… … Wikipedia
133 (number) — Number|number = 133 cardinal = one hundred [and] thirty three ordinal = rd ordinal text = one hundred [and] thirty third numeral = factorization = 7 cdot 19 prime = divisor = 1, 7, 19, 133 unicode = greek prefix = latin prefix = misc =133 is the… … Wikipedia
Caproni Ca.306 — Borea Beschreibung Einsatzrolle zweimotoriges ziviles Transportflugzeug Erstflug 1935 Hersteller Caproni Abmessungen Länge 12,90 m … Deutsch Wikipedia
Caproni Ca.36 — Caproni Ca.36, italienischer Bomber 1917 Caproni Ca.36 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Caproni Ca.5 — Die Caproni Ca.5 war ein viersitziges schweres italienisches Bombenflugzeug, das während des Ersten Weltkrieges entwickelt worden war. Es handelt sich um einen dreimotorigen Doppeldecker, der aus Holz hergestellt wurde und über ein nicht… … Deutsch Wikipedia