Sampan


Sampan

A sampan (Chinese: 舢舨) is a relatively flat bottomed Chinese wooden boat from 3.5 to 4.5 m (approximately twelve to fifteen feet) long. Some sampans include a small shelter on board, and may be used as a permanent habitation on inland waters. Sampans are generally used for fishing or transportation, in coastal areas or rivers. It is unusual for a sampan to sail far from land as they do not have the means to survive rough weather.

The word "sampan" literally means "three planks" in Cantonese, from the words "sam" (三, three) and "pan" (板, plank). [ [http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/sampan Merriam Webster online dictionary] ] This refers to the hull design, which consists of a flat bottom (made from one plank) joined to two sides (the other two planks). The design closely resembles Western hard chine boats like the scow or punt.

Sampans are still in use by rural residents of Southeast Asia, particularly Malaysia, Indonesia,Bangladesh, and Vietnam.

Sampans may be propelled by poles, oars (particularly a single, long oar called a "yuloh") or may be fitted with outboard motors.

References

External links

* [http://www.friend.ly.net/~dadadata/junk/sampan.html C. Andrade, Jr • The RUDDER, July (1917). "Chinese Sampan Teaches Much to Designers".]
* [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~fassitt/cranks/cranky_sampans.html "Cranks with Planks presents Sampans -n- Yulohs"] (includes excerpt from G.R.G. Worcester's "Junks and Sampans of the Yangtse.")


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • sampan — [ sɑ̃pɑ̃ ] n. m. VAR. sampang • siampan 1702; ciampane 1540 (forme it.); mot chin., proprt « trois (san) bords (pan) » ♦ Petite embarcation chinoise à voile unique marchant à la godille, avec un habitacle en dôme qui permet d y séjourner. Les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sampan — indonésien au nord de Java. Le sampan (chinois 三板 sānbǎn trois bords ) est un bateau chinois à fond plat, à voile unique, servant aussi d habitation. Il est utilisé principalement en Asie du Sud Est pour le cabotage …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sampan — sampán s. n., pl. sampáne Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  SAMPÁN s. n. mică navă cu vele în Extremul Orient pentru traversarea fluviilor şi comunicaţia între insule. (< engl., fr. sampan) Trimis de raduborza,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Sampan — Sam pan, n. (Naut.) A Chinese boat from twelve to fifteen feet long, covered with a house, and sometimes used as a permanent habitation on the inland waters. [Written also {sanpan}.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sampan — light Chinese boat, 1610s, from Chinese san pan, lit. three boards, from san three + pan plank …   Etymology dictionary

  • sampan — [ sampan] noun a small boat used in the Far East, typically with an oar or oars at the stern. Origin C17: from Chin. san ban, from san three + ban board …   English new terms dictionary

  • sampan — sàmpān m <G sampána> DEFINICIJA pom. kineska i malajska lađica za ribarenje i prijevoz; u lukama i za stanovanje ETIMOLOGIJA kin. sanban: trodaščani ≃ sān: tri …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • sampán — sustantivo masculino 1. Embarcación ligera, a remo y a vela, utilizada en Oriente para la navegación fluvial o como casa flotante: Los sampanes forman una jungla típica a la entrada de algunos puertos orientales …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • sampán — m. Embarcación ligera propia de China, para la navegación en aguas costeras y fluviales, provista de una vela y un toldo y propulsada a remo. Se emplea para el transporte de mercancías y se utiliza como habitación flotante …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • sampan — ► NOUN ▪ a small boat propelled with an oar at the stern, used in the Far East. ORIGIN from Chinese words meaning three and board …   English terms dictionary

  • sampan — [sam′pan΄] n. [Cantonese sam pan < sam, three + pan, plank] any of various small boats used in China and Japan, usually propelled with a scull from the stern, and often having a sail and a small cabin formed of mats …   English World dictionary


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