Balthasar Behem Codex


Balthasar Behem Codex

The Balthasar Behem Codex is a collection of the privileges and statutes of the city of Kraków. Compiled in 1505, the codex was named for the chancellor at the time, Balthasar Behem. The book's text is in Latin and German. It is now held at the library of the Jagiellonian University of Kraków.

Twenty-Seven illustrations in the codex depict both biblical subjects and the daily activities of the Kracow burgher guild members, for example that of bakers, titled in Latin "Pistores", with a headline in German "Das ist der briff und geseccze der becker von Krakow."("This is the letter and law of the bakers in Cracow", [http://www.bj.uj.edu.pl/bjmanus/codex/titlpg_e.html in color] , [http://lehre.hki.uni-koeln.de/drw-cgi/kleioc?_kleioprot=0010KlDRW&_1=datendig&cat2use=buecher&beschr=+&execterm=KrakauZftO.&prevpage=g063&seite=g030t5&nextpage=g064t13 reprint "Piekarze - Bäcker"] , [http://lehre.hki.uni-koeln.de/drw-cgi/kleioc?_kleioprot=0010KlDRW&_1=datendig&cat2use=buecher&beschr=+&execterm=KrakauZftO.&prevpage=g030&seite=g030t5&nextpage=g031&donext=+%3E+ text] )

A 1502 works by Conrad Celtes and Albrecht Dürer depicts Cracow as one of four cities in Germany (see link below).

This kind of illustration - showing the practice of trades - was a tradition with an iconographical history going back to late Roman astronomical texts showing the "Labours of the Months", pairing a characteristic activity of rural life with the astrological sign for that month. Historians of culture and art have shown that these illustrations sometimes reflect their iconographical traditions rather than actually depicting contemporary life with accuracy.

External links

* [http://lehre.hki.uni-koeln.de/drw-cgi/kleioc?_kleioprot=0010KlDRW&_1=datenqv&cat2use=siglen&doexec=ref&dig=j&execterm=KrakauZftO. Austrian Facsimile from 1889: "Die alten Zunft- und Verkehr-Ordnungen der Stadt Krakau - Nach Balthasar Behem's Codex Picturatus in der K. K. Jagellonischen Bilbliothek"]
* [http://www.uni-mannheim.de/mateo/camena/celtis1/jpg/s001.html One of four cities in Germany]
* [http://www.bj.uj.edu.pl/bjmanus/codex/titlpg_e.html JU Library: Bakers' Guild]
* [http://www.krakow-info.com/codexBB.htm Workshop of a painter]
* [http://gallery.euroweb.hu/html/zgothic/miniatur/1501-550/02p_1500.html Crucification]
* [http://www.wsp.krakow.pl/whk/zabytki/k_behem.html Pictures]
* [http://sio.midco.net/danstopicalstamps/behem.htm Stamps]


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