- Five paragraph essay
The five-paragraph essay is a formal format of written argument. It is a common requisite in assignments in
middle school, high school, universityand sometimes elementary school. The format requires an essayto have five paragraphs: one introductory paragraph, three body paragraphs with support and development, and one concluding paragraph. Because of this structure, it is also known as a hamburger essay or a three tier essay.
The five-paragraph essay format is also applied to speech making, with some college classes teaching the five-paragraph format, along with an organized system of outlining and pre-writing the speech. Nonetheless, there seems to be anecdotal evidence that not all students work best with this format and approach to writing a speech, as some prefer to write a draft and then refine the material.
The introduction is a "grabber", or
narrative hook. When a thesis essay is applied to this format, the first paragraph typically consists of a narrative hook, followed by a sentence that introduces the general theme, then another sentence narrowing the focus of the one previous. (If the author is using this format for a text-based thesis, then a sentence quoting the text, supporting the essay-writer's claim, would typically go here, along with the name of the text and the name of the author. Example: "In the book "Night", Elie Wiesel says..."). After this, the author narrows the discussion of the topic by stating or identifying a problem. Often, an organizational sentence is used here to describe the layout of the paper. Finally, the last sentence of the first paragraph of such an essay would state the thesisthe author is trying to prove. The thesis is often linked to a "road map" for the essay, which is basically an embedded outline stating precisely what the three body paragraphs will address and giving the items in the order of the presentation. Not to be confused with an organizational sentence, a thesis merely states "The book "Night" follows Elie Wiesel's journey from innocence to experience," while an organizational sentence directly states the structure and order of the essay.
* [http://www.gc.maricopa.edu/English/essay/ Structure of the five paragraph essay]
* [http://www.englishdiscourse.org/5.paragraph.essay.format.html The 5 Paragraph Essay Format]
* [http://paulgraham.com/essay.html The Age of the Essay] and [http://www.paulgraham.com/laundry.html A Version 1.0] , by
Paul Graham, discuss the history and use of essays in education.
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