Dyfnwal III of Strathclyde


Dyfnwal III of Strathclyde

Dyfnwal III (Gaelic: Domnall mac Eógain, English: "Donald") was ruler of the Kingdom of Strathclyde (died 975) for some period in the mid tenth century, and the son of one of his predecessors, Owen I of Strathclyde.

Dyfnwal is almost certainly the king visited by Cathróe of Metz. The vita of the latter saint states that Cathróe was Dyfnwal's relative.[1] The visit must have happened between 941 and 946 , meaning that Dyfnwal may have been reigning as early as 941.[2] This fact presents historiographical problems, because the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states that in 945 king Eadmund of England "harried all Cumbria and leased it to Máel Coluim, king of Scots, on the condition that he be his helper both on land and sea".[3] The only possibilities are that, firstly, one source is wrong; secondly, that Strathclyde was a divided kingdom; thirdly, that Malcolm I of Scotland (Máel Coluim mac Domnaill) gave the kingdom to Dyfnwal as soon as he received it, with Cathróe visiting the following year; or that Máel Coluim simply became the overlord of Dyfnwal. It is perhaps worthy of note that Edmund I's campaign in Cumbria is associated with the downfall of Dunmail, said to be the "last king of Cumbria".

He is styled Domnall m. Eogain, Bretan (king of the Britons) in the Annals of Ulster, which notes his death in 975 on pilgrimage.[4] The Welsh source known as the Brut y Tywysogion, which calls him Dunguallon, confirms that Dyfnwal did indeed set off on pilgrimage to Rome[5] It is possible that Dyfnwal resigned the kingship sometime before 971.[6] Dyfnwal must have left on pilgrimage a good time before his death, because Florence of Worcester tells us that in 973 the king of the Cumbrians was Máel Coluim I of Strathclyde; moreover, it is Dyfnwal's son Amdarch who was named by Scottish sources as the killer of the Scottish king Cuilén in 971.[7]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Eógan?
King of Strathclyde
941 - 973
Succeeded by
?Máel Coluim I
Amdarch ?

Notes

  1. ^ Alan Orr Anderson, Early Sources of Scottish History: AD 500–1286, 2 Vols, (Edinburgh, 1922), vol. i, p . 441; see also David Dumville, "St Cathróe of Metz and the Hagiography of Exoticism," in Irish Hagiography: Saints and Scholars, ed. John Carey et al. (Dublin, 2001), pp. 172–188
  2. ^ David Dumville, ""St Cathróe of Metz", p. 172 & n. 2
  3. ^ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, MS A, B, C, D, s.a. 945; trs. in Alan Orr Anderson, Scottish Annals from English Chroniclers: AD 500–1286, (London, 1908), republished, Marjorie Anderson (ed.) (Stamford, 1991), p. 74
  4. ^ Annals of Ulster, s.a. 975.2, here
  5. ^ here (pdf)
  6. ^ Alan MacQuarrie, "The Kings of Strathclyde", in A. Grant & K.Stringer (eds.) Medieval Scotland: Crown, Lordship and Community, Essays Presented to G.W.S. Barrow, (Edinburgh, 1993), pp. 15-6
  7. ^ see Alan Orr Anderson, Early Sources, vol. i, p. 476, n. 1

References

  • Anderson, Alan Orr, Early Sources of Scottish History: AD 500–1286, 2 Vols, (Edinburgh, 1922)
  • Anderson, Alan Orr, Scottish Annals from English Chroniclers: AD 500–1286, (London, 1908), republished, Marjorie Anderson (ed.) (Stamford, 1991)
  • Dumville, David N., "St Cathróe of Metz and the Hagiography of Exoticism," in Irish Hagiography: Saints and Scholars, ed. John Carey et al. (Dublin, 2001), pp. 172–188
  • MacQuarrie, Alan, "The Kings of Strathclyde", in A. Grant & K.Stringer (eds.) Medieval Scotland: Crown, Lordship and Community, Essays Presented to G.W.S. Barrow, (Edinburgh, 1993), pp. 1-19

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dyfnwal II of Strathclyde — Dyfnwal II (Gaelic: Domnall, English: Donald ) was ruler of the Kingdom of Strathclyde for some period in the early tenth century. He is sometimes called Domnall mac Áeda (Mod. Gaelic: Domhnall mac Aoidh; Mod. English: Donald, Aodh s son),… …   Wikipedia

  • Dyfnwal I of Strathclyde — Dyfnwal I was ruler of the Kingdom of Strathclyde for some period in the early tenth century, and perhaps the late ninth century. He is known only from the Chronicle of the Kings of Alba, which states that in this time Doneualdus king of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Dumnagual III de Strathclyde — Dumnagual ou Dyfnwal III de Strathclyde roi des Bretons du Strathclyde mort en 760. Sommaire 1 Origine 2 Règne 3 Notes 4 Sources …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dumngual III de Strathclyde — roi des Bretons du Strathclyde mort en 760. Dans la généalogie des rois de Strathclyde ou d’Ath Clut du manuscrit Harleian MS 3859 , Dumngual ou Dyfnwal est désigné comme le fils de Teudebur et le père de Eugein. Dumngual III devient roi après la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dyfnwal — might refer to: Dyfnwal I of Strathclyde (floruit early C10th) Dyfnwal II of Strathclyde (floruit early C10th) Dyfnwal III of Strathclyde (d. 975) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same personal name. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Máel Coluim I of Strathclyde — was ruler of the Kingdom of Strathclyde, the probable son of one of his predecessor King Dyfnwal III of Strathclyde; he was brother of Amdarch, who possibly held the throne in 971. Máel Coluim was king of the Cumbrians by 973, the year for which… …   Wikipedia

  • Owen I of Strathclyde — Owen I, Ywain I or Eógan I (Latin: Eugenius; Modern Gaelic Eòghann; Mod. Welsh: Owain) was ruler of the Kingdom of Strathclyde for some period in the early tenth century. Symeon of Durham recorded that Owen, whom he calls Ouuen, king of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Kingdom of Strathclyde — For other uses, see Strathclyde (disambiguation). The core of Strathclyde is the strath of the River Clyde. The major sites associated with the kingdom are shown, as is the marker Clach nam Breatann (Rock of the Britons), the probable northern… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Kings of Strathclyde — The list of the Kings of Strathclyde concerns the kings of Alt Clut, later Strathclyde, a Brythonic kingdom. The kingdom was ruled from Dumbarton Rock, Alt Clut , the Brythonic name of the rock, until around 870 when the rock was captured and… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des rois de Strathclyde — Liste des rois du Royaume de Strathclyde. Le royaume de Strathclyde dont la capitale était Dumbarton sur le Firth of Clyde a été constitué sous une dynastie d’origine brittonique vers la fin de l’occupation romaine en Bretagne insulaire à la… …   Wikipédia en Français