- Victor Horta
birth_date=6 January 1861
death_date=8 September 1947
House and Studio Victor Horta
Hôtel van Eetvelde Hôtel Solvay
Palais des Beaux-Arts in Brussels
significant_projects=Brussels-Central railway station
awards= Titled "
Baron" by King Albert I of Belgium
Victor, Baron Horta (
January 6 1861- September 9 1947) was a Belgian architectand designer. John Julius Norwichdescribed him as "undoubtedly the key European Art Nouveauarchitect." Indeed, Horta is one of the most important names in Art Nouveau architecture; the construction of his Hôtel Tasselin Brusselsin 1892-3 means that he is sometimes credited as the first to introduce the style to architecturefrom the decorative arts. The French architect Hector Guimardwas deeply influenced by Horta and further spread the "whiplash" style in France and abroad.
Life and career
Ghent, he was first attracted to the architectural profession when he helped his uncle on a building siteat the age of twelve. He studied in Ghent, but left to become an interior designerliving in Montmartrein Paris. There, he was inspired by the emerging impressionist and pointillist artists, and also by the possibilities of working in ironand glass.
When Horta's father died in 1880, he returned to Belgium and moved to
Brussels, to study at the academy of fine arts. He married, and fathered two daughters.
In Brussels, Horta built a friendship with
Paul Hankar, later also to embrace Art Nouveau. Horta did well in his studies, and was taken on as an assistant by his professor Alphonse Balat, architect to Leopold II of Belgium. Together, they designed the royal Greenhouses of Laeken, Horta's first work to utilise glass and iron.
By 1885, Horta was working on his own, and designed three
houses which were built that year. He then decided to avoid residential work for wealthy clients and instead devoted himself to competitions for public work, including statuaryand even tombs. He focused on the curvatureof his designs, believing that the forms he produced were highly practical and not artistic affectations. After introducing Art Nouveau in an exhibition held in 1892, Horta was inspired. Commissioned to design a home for professor Tassel, he transfused the recent influences into Hôtel Tassel, completed in 1893. Incorporating interior iron structure with curvilinear botanical forms, which was known as “biomorphic whiplash,” and successfully created the first Art Nouveau architecture. Ornate and elaborate designs and natural lighting were concealed behind a stone façade to harmonize the building with the more rigid houses next door. [' [http://jeannierenee.com Jeannie Bastian] '. " [http://jeannierenee.com/Horta.html The House that Horta Built] ". Accessed January 05 2007.]
During this period, Horta socialised widely and joined the
freemasons, he was a member of the lodge " Les Amis Philanthropes" of the Grand Orient of Belgiumin Brussels. This ensured a stream of clients when he returned to designing housingand shops from 1893.After receiving great notoriety for his designs, Horta was commissioned to complete many other important buildings throughout Brussels. Enhancing this new architectural style, Horta designed the Hôtel Solvay (1895–1900) and his own residence (1898) employing iron and stone façade with elaborate iron interiors.
After Art Nouveau lost favor, many of Horta's buildings were destroyed, most notably the Maison du Peuple (1895-1899) built for the progressive political party, the
Belgian Labour Partyand demolished in 1965. However, several of Horta’s buildings are still standing in Brussels to today and available to tour. Most notably are the Magasins Waucquez, formerly a department store, now the Brussels Comic Book Museumand four of his private houses ("hôtels"), which were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site:
Hôtel Tassel, designed and built for Prof. Émile Tassel in 1892 - 1893.
Hôtel Solvay, designed and built 1895 - 1900.
Hôtel van Eetvelde, designed and built 1895 - 1898.
*Maison and Atelier Horta, designed in 1898, now the
Horta Museum, dedicated to his work.
List of Works
Temple of Human Passions, Cinquantenaire Park in Brussels(protected monument since 1976)
*1890 : Maison Matyn, rue Bordeauxstraat 50, 1060 Saint-Gilles
*1890 : Renovations and interior decoration to the Brussels residence of Henri van Cutsem, Kunstlaan / Avenue des Arts 16,
Sint-Joost-ten-Node(Today Charlier museum).
Hôtel Tassel, rue Paul-Emile Jansonstraat 6 in Brussels
Maison Autrique, Haachtsesteenweg/Chaussée de Haecht 266 in Schaarbeek
*1894 : Hôtel Winssinger, Munthofstraat / rue de l'hotel du Monnaie 66 in Saint-Gilles
*1894 : Hôtel Frison, rue Lebeaustraat 37 in
*1894 : Atelier for
Godefroid Devreese, Vleugelstraat / rue de l'aile 71 in Schaerbeek(modified)
Hôtel Solvay, Avenue Louise/ Louizalaan224 in Brussels.
*1895 : Interior decoration of the house of
Anna Boch, Boulevard du Toison d'Or / Guldenvlieslaan 78 in Saint-Gilles (demolished)
Hôtel van Eetvelde, Avenue Palmerstonlaan 2/6 in Brussels
Maison du Peuple/ Volkshuis, place Vanderveldeplein in Brussels(demolished in 1965)
*1897-1899 : Kindergarten, rue Sainte-Ghislaine / Sint-Gisleinstraat 40 in
*1898-1900 : House and Studio of Victor Horta, rue américaine / Amerikaansestraat 23-25 in Saint-Gilles (today the
*1899 : Maison Frison "Les Épinglettes", Ringlaan 70 in
*1899 : Hôtel Aubecq,
Avenue Louise/ Louizalaan520 in Brussels(demolished in 1950)
*1899-1903: Villa Carpentier (Les Platanes), Doorniksesteenweg 9-11 in
*1900 : Extension of the Maison Furnémont, rue Gatti de Gamondstraat 149 in
*1900 : Department store: A l'
Innovation, rue Neuve / Nieuwstraat 111 in Brussels(destroyed by fire in 1967)
*1901 : House and Studio for the sculptor
Fernant Dubois, Avenue Brugmannlaan 80 in Vorst
*1901 : House and Studio for the sculptor
Pieter-Jan Braecke, rue de l'Abdication / Troonafstandstraat 51 in Brussels
*1902 : Hôtel Max Hallet,
Avenue Louise/ Louizalaan346 in Brussels.
*1903 : Funeral monument for the composer
Johannes Brahmson the "Zentralfriedhof" in Vienna(in collaboration with the sculptor Ilse Conrat)
*1903 : Magasins Waucquez, rue du Sable / Zandstraat 20 in Brussels (since 1989
Belgian Centre for Comic Strip Art.
*1903 : House for the art critic
Sander Pierron, rue de l'Acqueduc / Waterleidingsstraat 157 in Elsene
*1903 : Grand Bazar Anspach, Bisschopsstraat / rue de l'Evêque 66 in
*1903 : Maison Emile Vinck, rue de Washingtonstraat 85,
Elsene(converted in 1927 by architect A.Blomme).
*1903 : Department store: A l'Innovation, Elsenesteenweg 63-65 in
*1904 : Gym for the boarding school "Les Peupliers" in
*1905 : Villa Fernand Dubois, rue Maredretstraat,
*1906 : Bruggemann Hospital, Place Van Gehuchtplein in
Jette; (First design; opened in 1923)
*1907 : Magasins Hicklet, Nieuwstraat / rue Neuve 20 in
*1909 : Wolfers Jewellers Shop, rue d'Arenberg / Arenbergstraat 11-13 in
*1910 : House for dr. Terwagne, Van Rijkswijcklaan 62,
*1911 : Magasins Absalon, rue Saint-Christophe / Sint-Kristoffelstraat 41 in
*1911 : Maison Wiener, Sterrekundelaan / avenue de l'Astronomie in
*1912 : Brussels-Central railway station (first designs; completed by
Maxime Brunfautand inaugurated in 1952).
Centre for Fine Arts, rue Ravensteinstraat in Brussels(first deign; opened in 1928).
Belgianpavilion at the " Exposition des Arts décoratifs et industriels modernes" in Parisin 1925.
Musée des Beaux-Arts Tournaiin Tournai.
Victor Horta was interred in the
Ixelles Cemeteryin Brussels.
*Françoise Aubry and Jos Vandenbreeden, "Horta, Art Nouveau to Modernism", Ludion Press Ghent - Harry N. Abrams Publishers New York, 1996.
* [http://www.hortamuseum.be Hortamuseum Brussel]
* [http://www.greatbuildings.com/architects/Victor_Horta.html Victor Horta]
* [http://www.hortamuseum.be Horta Museum]
* [http://www.cupola.com/html/bldgstru/artnouv/artnouv1.htm Cupola's Art Nouveau Architecture Gallery One ] at www.cupola.com
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Look at other dictionaries:
Victor Horta — Información personal Nacimiento 6 de enero de 1861 Gante Defunción … Wikipedia Español
Victor Horta — (Gante 1861 Bruselas 1947), arquitecto belga pionero del Modernismo. Hijo de un leñador, estudió en París y luego en Bruselas, donde más tarde trabajó en el estudio de un arquitecto de formación neoclásica. Entre los años 1892 y 1893 realiza su… … Enciclopedia Universal
Victor Horta — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Horta. Victor Horta Naissance … Wikipédia en Français
Victor Horta — Hôtel Solvay (1895–1900), Avenue Louise Nr. 224 in Brüssel … Deutsch Wikipedia
Victor Horta — noun Belgian architect and leader in art nouveau architecture (1861 1947) • Syn: ↑Horta • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer … Useful english dictionary
Obra de Victor Horta en Bruselas — Principales casas del arquitecto Victor Horta (Bruselas) Nombre descrito en la Lista del Patrimonio … Wikipedia Español
Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta (Brussels) — Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta (Brussels) * UNESCO World Heritage Site Signature Victor … Wikipedia
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