Artgal of Alt Clut


Artgal of Alt Clut

Artgal of Alt Clut (died 872) was the ruler of Alt Clut (the area around modern Dumbarton Rock), for some time in the mid ninth century. According to the "Harleian genealogies", he was the son of Dumnagual, probably one of his predecessors as king. ["Harleian genealogy of the Kings of Alt Clut", [http://www.kmatthews.org.uk/history/harleian_genealogies/5.html here] .] Artgal's reign is notable in that he is the first certain king of Alt Clut since Dumnagual III of Alt Clut a century before. It is also notable because both the Welsh and Gaelic annals report the siege and sack of Alt Clut in 870. ["Annales Cambriae", s.a. 870, [http://www.kmatthews.org.uk/history/annales_cambrie/ac_a.html here] ; Annals of Ulster, s.a. 870.6, [http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/G100001A/text440.html here] ] The siege lasted four months, and led to the destruction of the citadel. [Alan MacQuarrie, "The Kings of Strathclyde", in A. Grant & K.Stringer (eds.) "Medieval Scotland: Crown, Lordship and Community, Essays Presented to G.W.S. Barrow", (Edinburgh, 1993), pp. 12-13.] Artgal was probably taken to Dublin as a prisoner. The "Annals of Ulster" report that he "was killed at the instigation of Causantín mac Cináeda" in 872. [AU 872.5, [http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/G100001A/index.html here] .] The same entry styles him "rex Britanorum Sratha Cluade", i.e. "King of the Britons of Strathclyde", the first documented use of the term Strathclyde. Causantín married his sister to Artgal's son, Run, perhaps inaugurating the association between the British kingdom and Alpinid dynasty of Alba, which would lead to the former kingdom's subordination to the latter kingdom.

Notes

References

* MacQuarrie, Alan, "The Kings of Strathclyde", in A. Grant & K.Stringer (eds.) "Medieval Scotland: Crown, Lordship and Community, Essays Presented to G.W.S. Barrow", (Edinburgh, 1993), pp. 1-19

External links

* [http://www.kmatthews.org.uk/history/annales_cambrie/ac_a.html Annales Cambriae]
* [http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/G100001A/index.html Annals of Ulster]
* [http://www.kmatthews.org.uk/history/harleian_genealogies/5.html Harleian genealogy 5]

###@@@KEY@@@###s-reg


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Run of Alt Clut — was the ruler of Alt Clut (modern Dumbarton Rock, Scotland) and Strathclyde (the Clyde Valley ), probably from the death of Artgal in 872 until 878. According to the Harleian genealogies , he was the son of Artgal, his predecessor as king. [… …   Wikipedia

  • Neithon of Alt Clut — Neithon (died 620?) was a 7th century ruler of Alt Clut, the Brittonic kingdom later known as Strathclyde (modern Dumbarton Rock). According to the Harleian genealogies, he was the son of Guipno map Dumnagual Hen. Alfred Smyth suggests he is the… …   Wikipedia

  • Clinoch of Alt Clut — Clinoch (Welsh: Clynog) is thought to have been a ruler of Alt Clut (modern Dumbarton Rock), the Brythonic kingdom later known as Strathclyde, some time in the 6th century. The Harleian genealogies name Clinoch as the son of Dumnagual Hen, his… …   Wikipedia

  • Cinuit of Alt Clut — Cinuit (Welsh: Cynwyd) may have been an early king of Alt Clut, later known as Strathclyde, a Brythonic kingdom in the Hen Ogledd or Old North of Britain. The Harleian genealogies indicate that he was the son of Ceretic Guletic, who may be… …   Wikipedia

  • Dumnagual IV of Alt Clut — Dumnagual IV was a 9th century British figure thought to have been a ruler of Alt Clut, the kingdom later known as Strathclyde (modern Dumbarton Rock). According to the Harleian genealogies, he was the son of his predecessor Riderch II, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Dumnagual III of Alt Clut — Dumnagual III was the ruler of Alt Clut, later known as Strathclyde (the area around modern Dumbarton Rock), for some time in the mid eighth century (probably 754–60). According to the Harleian genealogies, he was the son of Teudebur, one of his… …   Wikipedia

  • Eugein I of Alt Clut — Eugein I was a ruler of Alt Clut (modern Dumbarton Rock), the kingdom later known as Strathclyde, sometime in the mid 7th century. According to the Harleian genealogies, he was the son of Beli I, presumably his predecessor as king, and the father …   Wikipedia

  • Dumnagual I of Alt Clut — Dumnagual I, also known as Dumnagual Hen ( the Old ; Welsh: Dyfnwal Hen), was a ruler of the Brythonic kingdom of Alt Clut (modern Dumbarton Rock), later known as Strathclyde, probably sometime in the early 6th century. His biography is vague,… …   Wikipedia

  • Dumnagual II of Alt Clut — Dumnagual II was a ruler of Alt Clut, the British kingdom later known as Strathclyde (the area around modern Dumbarton Rock), for sometime in the late seventh century. He is known only from his death notice in the Irish annals. The Annals of… …   Wikipedia

  • Causantín mac Cináeda — 18th century depiction of Causantín, son of Kenneth MacAlpin. The depiction is highly anachronistic. King of the Picts Reign …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.