Sedia gestatoria


Sedia gestatoria

The "sedia gestatoria" is the portable throne on which Popes were once carried. It consists of a richly-adorned, silk-covered armchair, fastened on a "suppedaneum", on each side of which are two gilded rings; through these rings pass the long rods with which twelve footmen ("palafrenieri"), in red uniforms, carry the throne on their shoulders. The "Sedia gestatoria" is an elaborate variation on the sedan chair. Two large fans ("flabella") made of white ostrich feathers—a relic of the ancient liturgical use of the "flabellum", mentioned in the "Constitutiones Apostolicae" ["Constitutiones Apostolicae", VIII, 12—] are carried at either side of the "sedia gestatoria".

The "sedia gestatoria" was mainly used to carry popes to and from papal ceremonies in the Basilica of St. John Lateran and St. Peter's Basilica. The "sedia" was used as part of papal ceremony for nearly one millennium. Its origins are sometimes thought to date back to Byzantium where Byzantine emperors were carried along in a similar manner, but many sources indicate the use of the sedia is of a much earlier date, probably being derived from rituals accompanying the leadership of the ancient Roman Empire.

This throne was used more especially in the ceremonies at the coronation of a new pope, and generally at all solemn entries of the pope to St. Peter's or to public consistories. In the first case three bundles of tow are burnt before the newly-elected pontiff, who sits on the Sedia Gestatoria, whilst a master of ceremonies says: "Sancte Pater sic transit gloria mundi," (Holy Father, so passes the glory of the world). The custom of carrying the newly-elected pope, and formerly in some countries the newly-elected bishop, to his church can be, in some instances, traced back very far and may be compared with the Roman use of the "sella curulis", on which newly-elected consuls were carried through the city. [CathEncy|wstitle=Sedia Gestatoria]

Ennodius, Bishop of Pavia (d. 521) records in his "Apologia pro Synodo", "Gestatoriam sellam apostolicae confessionis", [Migne (1882), "Patrologia Latina", LXIII, 206; "Corpus Script. eccl.", VI, Vienna, at 328] alluding to the Cathedra S. Petri, still preserved in the choir of St. Peter's at Rome. This is a portable wooden armchair, inlaid with ivory, with two iron rings on each side. Besides the constant use of the Sedia Gestatoria at the coronation of the pope (which seems to date from the beginning of the sixteenth century), etc., it served in the past on different other occasions, for instance when the pope received the yearly tribute of the Kingdom of Naples and of the other fiefs, and also, at least since the fifteenth century, when he carried the Blessed Sacrament publicly, in which case the Sedia Gestatoria took a different form, a table being adjusted before the throne. Pius X made use of this on the occasion of the Eucharistic Congress at Rome in 1905.

Pope John Paul I at first declined to use the "sedia gestatoria", along with the papal tiara and several other symbols of papal authority, but was eventually convinced by the Vatican staff that its use was necessary in order to allow crowds to see him.
Pope John Paul II declined to use the "sedia gestatoria" completely; Benedict XVI has not restored its use. The "sedia gestatoria" has been functionally replaced in modern times by the motorized and secured "popemobile."

Notes


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sedia Gestatoria — • The Italian name of the portable papal throne used on certain solemn occasions in the pontifical ceremonies Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sedia Gestatoria     Sedia Gestatoria …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • Sedia gestatoria —   [ dʒɛs ; italienisch »Tragsessel«] die, , der von acht Dienern getragene Sessel, auf dem früher der Papst bei feierlichen Anlässen in Versammlungen von Gläubigen einzog. * * * Se|dia Ges|ta|to|ria [ dʒɛ...], die; [ital. sedia gestatoria, zu:… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sedia Gestatoria — Папа …   Википедия

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  • Sedia gestatoria — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sedia (homonymie). Le pape Pie XII sur la sedia gestatoria lors de son couronnement au printemps de 1939. On aperçoit derrière le sommet d’un des …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sedia gestatoria — Se|dia ges|ta|to|ria [ dʒɛs...] die; <aus gleichbed. it. sedia gestatoria zu sedia »Stuhl, Sessel« (dies aus mlat. sedium zu lat. sedere »sitzen«) u. gestatorio »zum Tragen dienend« (dies aus lat. gestatorius zu gestare »tragen«)> der von… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Sedia gestatoria — Se|dia ges|ta|to|ria [ dʒ̮... ], die; <italienisch> (Tragsessel des Papstes bei feierlichen Aufzügen) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • sedia — sè·dia s.f. 1. FO mobile su cui si può sedere una sola persona, costituito da un piano orizzontale che poggia su quattro gambe e da una spalliera: sedia di legno, di ferro, di vimini; sedia pieghevole, sedia girevole; mi hai dato una sedia… …   Dizionario italiano

  • sedia — {{hw}}{{sedia}}{{/hw}}s. f. Sedile per una sola persona costituito da una spalliera, un piano orizzontale e gener. quattro gambe unite o no da traverse: sedia imbottita, impagliata; SIN. Seggiola | Sedia curule, usata dagli antichi magistrati… …   Enciclopedia di italiano


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