Goodman's Fields Theatre


Goodman's Fields Theatre

There were two theatres bearing the name Goodman's Fields Theatre located on Ayliffe Street, Whitechapel, London. The first was opened 31 October 1727 in a small shop by Thomas Odell, deputy Licenser of Plays. The first play to open the theatre was George Farquhar's "The Recruiting Officer". Henry Fielding's second play "The Temple Beau" premièred here 26 January 1730. Upon retirement, Odell passed the management on to Henry Giffard, after a sermon was preached against the theatre at St Botolph's, Aldgate [http://www.casebook.org/victorian_london/whitechapel1881.html "Whitechapel" from "Old and New London: A Narrative of Its History, Its People and Its Places by Walter Thornbury" (1881)] accessed 6 Mar 2007] . Giffard operated the theatre until 1732. After he left, the theatre was used for a variety of acrobatic performances.giffard constructed a new theatre down the street designed by Edward Shepherd who also designed the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. The theatre opened with "Henry IV, Part I", 2 October 1732 that included actors Thomas Walker, Richard Yates and Harry Woodward. With the passing of the Licensing Act of 1737, the theatre was forced to close. Giffard rented Lincoln's Inn Fields Theatre briefly and then, with various political machinations, was able to reopen Goodman's Fields in 1740. "The Winter's Tale" was produced there in 1741 for the first time in over a century. The same year David Garrick made his successful début as "Richard III". The theatre closed 27 May 1742 and did not re-open. It was pulled down in 1746, and a further theatre built on the site, this briefly showed drama before it was converted to a warehouse and burned down in 1809.

During its heyday, the poet Gray noted in a letter to a friend, that "there are a dozen dukes of a night at Goodman's Fields sometimes" [ [http://www.mernick.co.uk/thhol/palwhite.html "The Palace Journal" (April 24, 1889)] ] .

The "Oxford Companion to the Theatre" notes that there may have been another theatre in the area under the same name in 1703.

References

* [http://www.jstor.org/pss/3715554 location]
*Hartnoll, Phyllis, ed. The Oxford Companion to the Theatre. 4th edition. London:Oxford UP, 1983. p. 342.


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