- Association of British Counties
The Association of British Counties (ABC) is a non-party-political outsider pressure group that promotes what they assert to be the traditional
counties of the United Kingdom.
The ABC claims that the traditional counties are an important part of Britain's cultural heritage and as such should be preserved and promoted. To this end it has produced a postal directory putting British place names in the corresponding traditional county with respect to the
Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844, in addition to cross-referencing this with various other administrative areas, noting alternatives where the correct county is debatable and providing detailed discussion of these instances where they occur.
The ABC recognises eighty-six counties. These are the
Historic counties of Englandand Wales, and the Counties of Scotland. The association does not believe that counties corporate enjoy county status "in the ordinary sense of the term" and includes them within the historic county or counties in which they lie geographically. [ [http://www.abcounties.co.uk/FAQ.htm#question8 ABC FAQ] ]
The association declares that the "most authoritative definition of the boundaries of the Counties of Great Britain is that obtained by the Ordnance Survey during its first national survey of Great Britain". [http://www.abcounties.co.uk/aims.htm Association of British Counties - Aims and Objectives ] ]
Areas transferred from one county to another by the Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844 are "considered to be associated with both their parent County (from which they are detached) and the County in which they locally lie.".
Aims and objectives
The ABC has declared that it does not want further local government reorganisation [ [http://www.abcounties.co.uk/FAQ.htm ABC FAQ] ] . Instead it would rather see an official distinction made between current administrative units known as counties, and those areas known as counties prior to the local government reforms of 1965 and 1974, which it claims still have an informal, non-administrative existence [cite web | url=http://www.abcounties.co.uk/aims.htm | title=Sections 2.2, 3.2 & 4.4 of ABC's Aims and Objectives | publisher=Association of British Counties | work=www.abcounties.co.uk | accessdate=2006-03-30] .
It seeks to bring about an official change in government
terminologyto bring it in line with its interpretation of the Local Government Act 1888— the original piece of legislation which created the county councils in Englandand Wales, though there have since been several further changes. The Act specifically called the areas it created "administrative counties" (although it also amended what it called the "counties" [Local Government Act 1888] ), and the ABC wishes to see this terminology consistently used to describe them. Also it wishes to see the term "county" stripped from the unitary authorities that use it, a measure which it claims will remove what it sees as confusion resulted from the status of various entities termed counties since 1889. In particular, ABC uses scare quotesaround the word "county" when not referring to the counties as defined by them.
Other policies include:
Ordnance Surveyto mark the county borders it espouses on their maps
*Lobbying for the erection of boundary signs at these boundaries
*Making the ceremonial counties match the boundaries they promote.
*That the English regions should be redefined in order to ensure that the counties as they describe them should "be brought wholly within one region or another"
The ABC was founded in 1989, holding its inaugural conference on April 1 in historic Monmouthshire. ["Diary", The Times, March 28, 1989, p.16] This was at the beginning of a period of review of local government areas: in March 1989 the
Secretary of State for the Environment, Nicholas Ridleyhad ordered an urgent review of the future of Humberside. ["County review ordered", The Times, March 18, 1989] Later in April the MP Nicholas Bennettunsuccessfully introduced a bill into the Commons to introduce a system of unitary authorities in Walesbased on historic counties. ["Diary", The Times, April 11, 1989] ["Welsh councils Bill rejected: Parliament" The Times, April 13, 1989] Following the establishment of the Local Government Commission for England in 1992, the ABC became active in the review process, advocating the restoration of historic county boundaries. The LGCE's review resulted in the restoration of Herefordshireand Rutlandto local government and ceremonial status, and the abolition of the unpopular counties of Avon, Cleveland and Humberside. [LGCE. "Final Recommendations for the Future Local Government of Leicestershire". December 1994.] [LGCE. "Final Recommendations for the Future Local Government of Hereford and Worcester". December 1994.] [LGCE. "Final Recommendations for the Future Local Government of Avon, Gloucestershire and Somerset". December 1993] [LGCE. "Final recommendations on the future local government of Cleveland and Durham". November 1993] [LGCE. "Final Recommendations for the Future Local Government of North Yorkshire, Humberside and Lincolnshire." January 1994.] Attempts to resurrect Cumberland, Huntingdonshireand Westmorlandfailed to gain the support of either the LGCE or the public. [Final Recommendations for the Future Local Government of Cumbria. October 1994.] [LGCE. Final Recommendations on the Future Local Government of: Basildon & Thurrock, Blackburn & Blackpool, Broxtowe, Gedling & Rushcliffe, Dartford & Gravesham, Gillingham & Rochester Upon Medway, Exeter, Gloucester, Halton & Warrington, Huntingdonshire & Peterborough, Northampton, Norwich, Spelthorne and the Wrekin. December 1995.]
In 2007 it was announced that a number of unitary authorities would be formed in 2009. [ [http://www.communities.gov.uk/news/corporate/575159 "Green light for five flagship Unitary Councils", Communities and Local Government, accessed December 16, 2007] ] Among the councils that will gain unitary status will be the county councils of Durham, Northumberland, Shropshire and Wiltshire, which will absorb the district councils in each county. The ABC launched a campaign in November 2007 to have the unitary councils renamed to reflect what they assert to be "real counties": [citation|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/mobile/bbc_news/england/nwyl/north/north_yorkshire/708/70825/story7082551.shtml?cache_buster=20070317120752|title=Group demands county name switch|accessdate=2008-01-17|publisher=BBC|date=7 Nov 2007] [ [http://www.abcounties.co.uk/ABC_PR_Northumberland_Nov07.pdf "Northumberland Unitary Council - call for new name" ABC, accessed December 16, 2007] ] [ [http://www.abcounties.co.uk/ABC_PR_Shropshire_Nov07.pdf "Shropshire Unitary Council - call for new name" ABC, accessed December 16, 2007] ] [ [http://www.abcounties.co.uk/ABC_PR_Wiltshire_Nov07.pdf "Wiltshire Unitary Council - call for new name" ABC, accessed December 16, 2007] ]
*They suggested that
County Durhambe renamed either "Central Durham and Teesdale" or "Mid Durham and Teesdale". The leader of Durham County Council rejected the suggestion noting that residents of the area were proud of their county name, and that the "only redeeming feature" of the suggestion "is that it would give us one of the longest council names in the country". [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/wear/7082551.stm "Group demands county name switch", BBC News, accessed December 16 2007] ] "Given our proud heritage and all that our area has to offer, I would hope that our county would be known for much more than that." Another member of the council suggested that If these "unelected people...want to change the name, then they should pay for it", a cost he estimated at £4 million. [ [http://www.thenorthernecho.co.uk/mostpopular.var.1814046.mostviewed.group_calls_for_dale_to_be_included_in_county_name.php "Group calls for dale to be included in county name", Northern Echo, accessed December 16, 2007] ]
*The group suggested renaming
Northumberlandas Northumberland Heartlands Council, North and West Northumberland Council, Rural Northumberland Council or Northumberland Moors and Coast Council. The preferred name used in the bid for unitary status was "The Northumberland Council" [ [http://www2.northumberland.gov.uk/reports/ofoc/docs/1future1council-part1-overview.pdf "One Future - One Council, The Northumberland council - Submission for unitary status", accessed December 16, 2007] ]
*Suggested renamings of
Shropshirewere Shropshire Heartlands Council, Heart of Shropshire Council or Shrewsbury and Rural Shropshire Council. As of December 2007 there were no decisions on the new council's name [ [http://www.shropshire.gov.uk/onecouncil.nsf/open/5C1558DA2BC687458025722F0043885F "Frequently asked questions on One Council for Shropshire", Shropshire County Council, accessed December 16, 2007] ]
*ABC suggest renaming
Wiltshireas Heart of Wiltshire Council, Wiltshire Heartlands Council, Wiltshire Plains and Downs Council or Salisbury and Rural Wiltshire Council. However, the name "Wiltshire Council" had already been chosen in September 2007. [ [http://www.wiltshire.gov.uk/getnewsitem.htm?id=2103 "Go ahead given for new council's names and dates", Wiltshire County Council, accessed December 16, 2007] ]
Addresses and signage
Successes for the "traditional counties movement" are claimed to include:
*Successfully lobbying the
Royal Mailto have traditional, in addition to administrative and former postal, counties included in the Postcode Address File's Alias record, which is used to "find the correct postal addresses from ‘postally-not-required’ data".Royal Mail - [http://www.royalmail.com/portal/rm/content3?catId=400086&mediaId=56000695 Alias Data] . Retrieved 12 January 2007.]
*The erection of signs marking the traditional boundary between Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire on the A59. [ [http://www.forl.co.uk/003/newsletter.html Friends of Real Lancashire newsletter] ]
Party political support
None of the three main political parties has a commitment to support the group or adopt the ABC's cause.
Green Party of England and Wales, in its "manifesto for a sustainable society" states: "Our preference will be to abolish the County Councils after the transfer of their present functions to District Councils and to confederations of Districts. Where there is public dissatisfaction with boundaries, consultation and (where necessary) referendums will establish the most popular arrangement. This process will be overseen by the Constitutional Commission".
United Kingdom Independence Party(UKIP) and the English Democrats Partyhave in the past included measures apparently supportive of the traditional counties movement in their local or national manifestos, but neither party had a manifesto commitment as of March 2006.
UKIP has said it would "dismantle regional government and return powers to traditional county and borough councils" in its local-issues manifesto [ [http://www.ukip.org/pdf/localmanifesto.pdf UKIP Local Issues Manifesto] ] , but the national manifesto does not mention the word "traditional" so this might be a reference to administrative, not geographic, countiesFact|date=February 2007.
The English Democrats statement of principles states "We favour recognition for traditional counties, which would include the reunification of Yorkshire" [ [http://www.englishdemocrats.org.uk/principles.php English Democrats Party — Principles] ] .
British National Party's manifesto for the 2005 general election denounced the removal of power from the "traditional counties" and proposed their restoration for local government purposes.
A fourth party, the Popular Alliance, does have current manifesto commitments supportive of the movement.
Private Members Bill, the "Historic Counties (Traffic Signs and Mapping) Bill", was twice introduced into the 2001–2005 Parliament, first by John Randall (Conservative, Uxbridge) in 2003, and again in 2004 by Adrian Flook(Conservative, Taunton), who " [paid] tribute to the Association of British Counties for trailblazing the campaign". [cite hansard|url=http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200304/cmhansrd/vo041020/debtext/41020-04.htm|house=House of Commons|date=20 October 2004|column=895] The Bill did not proceed to second reading in either year.
Another Private Members Bill, the "Historic Counties, Towns and Villages (Traffic Signs and Mapping) Bill" was introduced to Parliament on 31 January 2007 by
Andrew Rosindell(Conservative, Romford) under the Ten Minute Rule. It was ordered to be brought in by a group of 12 MPs. Mr Rosindell " [thanks] the Association of British Counties, a society dedicated to promoting awareness of the 86 historic counties of Great Britain, which has campaigned tirelessly for their recognition through proper signage denoting historic county boundaries". [cite hansard|url=http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200607/cmhansrd/cm070131/debtext/70131-0004.htm |house=House of Commons|date=31 January 2007|column=236] The Bill did not proceed beyond second reading. [ [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200607/cmhansrd/cm070629/debtext/70629-0003.htm House of Commons Hansard Debates for 29 Jun 2007 (pt 0003) ] ] and was supported by the Conservative opposition [ [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200607/cmhansrd/cm070629/debtext/70629-0007.htm House of Commons Hansard Debates for 29 Jun 2007 (pt 0007) ] ] . It was opposed by the government [ [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200607/cmhansrd/cm070629/debtext/70629-0008.htm House of Commons Hansard Debates for 29 Jun 2007 (pt 0008) ] ]
John Butcher, Conservative MP for Coventry South West until 1997, was an active member of the group, campaigning in Parliament during the
1990s UK local government reform. In 1991, he suggested to the Secretary of State for Walesthe use of the traditional county names Radnorshire, Montgomeryshireand Monmouthshire for unitary authorities in Wales [cite hansard|url=http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199091/cmhansrd/1991-06-17/Debate-1.html|house=House of Commons|date=17 June 1991|column=30] In a 1996 debate, declaring he was honorary president of the ABC, he noted his approval of the abolition of the postal counties, meaning that "people who live in places like "Birmingham, Walsall and Coventry can now use in their addresses the ancient pre-1974 counties". [cite hansard|url=http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199596/cmhansrd/vo960704/debtext/60704-11.htm|house=House of Commons|date=4 July 1996|column=1073]
The following statements have been made regarding the status of the historic counties (though they are not
Government policy statements):
Quoted in "The Times" of 1 April 1974:
Cquote|According to a Department of the Environment official, the new county boundaries are solely for the purpose of defining areas of first-level government of the future: "They are administrative areas and will not alter the traditional boundaries of counties, nor is it intended that the loyalties of people living in them will change."Citing Middlesex as an example, he said that although that county had been swallowed up in Greater London in 1965 and disappeared for governmental purposes, the name still exists for postal and other reasons. "Similarly the broad acres known as Yorkshire will remain unaltered despite the different names adopted by the new administrative counties." ["White Rose ties hold fast despite amputation and shake-up of boundaries", by Raymond Gledhill, The Times, April 1, 1974]
Paul Beresford, then Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Environment, on 4 December 1995. [cite hansard|url=http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199596/cmhansrd/vo951204/debtext/51204-31.htm|house=House of Commons|date=4 December 1995|column_start=119|column_end=120. Retrieved 19 October 2006.]
Cquote|local government boundaries are concerned essentially with administration, and changes, whether arising from the 1974 reorganisation or as part of the current review, need not affect ancient loyalties and affinities.
I need hardly name some of these. Lancashire county cricket club was mentioned, and continues to have Old Trafford as its main ground and headquarters, and has managed to do quite well on it in the last season, despite being within Greater Manchester.
When the ABC first emerged it was stated to have been "formed by about 30 county pressure groups". Among those listed at the time were the
Friends of Real Lancashire, the Voice of Rutland, the Back to Somerset Campaign and the County of Middlesex Trust. ["Battle to revive Rutland joined by lobbyists", The Times, July 20, 1991] Of these only the former now appears to be active.
According to their websites, the following groups are affiliated as of November 2006:
Friends of Real Lancashire
Yorkshire Ridings Society[ [http://www.yorkshire-ridings.org.uk/ridings.htm Yorkshire Ridings Society website] ] and their local group The Saddleworth White Rose Society
*The Huntingdonshire Society [ [http://www.rahbarnes.demon.co.uk/hunts/ Huntingdonshire Society website] ]
The direct action group
CountyWatchshares many of the aims of the ABC, but is not affiliated to the Association.
* "The Counties" - quarterly to members
* "The Gazetteer of British Place Names" [ [http://www.gazetteer.co.uk] ]
* "Be Properly Addressed": A Traditional County Postal Directory
* Numerous consultation responses
*cite book|author=Russell Grant|title=The Real Counties of Britain|publisher=Virgin Books|year=1996|id=ISBN 1-85227-479-4
* [http://www.abcounties.co.uk/ Association of British Counties] - official website
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