- Abipón language
speakers=Extinct since 1770s
Abipón is a native American language of the
Mataco-Guaycurufamily that was at one time spoken in Argentina. Its last speaker is thought to have died in the 19th century.
As a people they were a nation of Argentina's Gran Chaco. Seasonalbly mobile their territories as hunters, gatherers, fishers and to a limited extent farmers. In the 1640s they began to acquire horses and abandoned farming for raiding. They became feared by their neighbours and the Spanish , from whom they stole over 100,000 horses and even threatened major cities. Even Abipón women were reputedly aggressive and held considerable power in their people's religious rites.
From 1710 a major military effort by the Spanish began gradually to impose authority. By 1750 Jesuit missions had been established among the Abipón, and they had been forced to become sedentary. By 1768, when the Jusuits were expelled by the government, over half of the Abipón had succumbed to disease. When they attempted to resume their former lifestyles they found their traditional lands occupied by settlers and other nations. Within fifty years, disease and warfare had destroyed them as a nation, with the remnants assimilated into the general Argentinian population.
(Information taken from 'Peoples, Nations and Cultures', edited by Professor John Mackenzie
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Abipón — ▪ people South American Indian people who formerly lived on the lower Bermejo River in the Argentine Gran Chaco. They spoke a language (also called Callaga) belonging to the Guaycuruan (Guaycuruan languages) group of the Guaycurú Charruan… … Universalium
Abipon — ISO 639 3 Code : axb ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Extinct … Names of Languages ISO 639-3
South American Indian Language Groups, Table — ▪ Table Only languages attested linguistically are included. Extinct languages are shown in italics. A number in parentheses after the name of a group indicates a possible relationship with the group identified by that number. Languages are… … Universalium
List of cultures in the standard cross cultural sample — These are pages for some of the 186 cultures in the standard cross cultural sample.* Abipón language * Abkhaz people * Ainu people * Aleut * Amhara people * Andamanese * Armenians * Arrernte people * Atayal people * Aymara ethnic group * Azande * … Wikipedia
Guaicuruan languages — Infobox Language family name=Guaicuruan altname=Waikurúan region=northern Argentina, western Paraguay, southern Brazil familycolor=American fam1=Mataco Guaicuru ? child1=Kadiweu child2=Southern child3=Eastern Guaicuruan (also Guaykuruan,… … Wikipedia
List of indigenous languages in Argentina — This is a list of Indigenous languages that are or were spoken in the present territory of Argentina.Although the official language of Argentina is Spanish, several Indigenous languages are in use. Most are spoken only within their respective… … Wikipedia
Toba Indians — • Tribe of the great Chaco wilderness of South America Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Toba Indians Toba Indians † … Catholic encyclopedia
Lenguas mataco-guaicurú — Distribución geográfica: Gran Chaco Países: Argentina … Wikipedia Español
Mocoví Indians — • A tribe of the Guaycuran stock closely related linguistically to the Toba, Mbaya, and Abipon, their usual allies, settled principally along the middle and upper Vermejo River Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Mocovi Indians … Catholic encyclopedia
Languages of Argentina — The spoken languages of Argentina number at least 40 although Spanish is dominant. Others include native and other immigrant languages; two languages are extinct and others are endangered, spoken by elderly people whose descendants do not speak… … Wikipedia