Sura


Sura

Sura (sometimes spelt "Surah" _ar. سورة "ArabDIN|sūrah", plural "Suwar" _ar. سور) is an Arabic term literally meaning "something enclosed or surrounded by a fence or wall." The term is commonly used to mean a "chapter" of the Qur'an, each of which is traditionally ordered roughly in order of decreasing length. Each Sura is named for a word or name mentioned in an ayah (section), of that 'Sura'. Some 'Sura' were surprising to Muslims at the time of their revelation; for example, the elevated status of Mary - a believing woman and the mother of Jesus - which is mentioned in Sura 19 ("Maryam/Mary").

List of Sura in the Qur'an

The 114 suras are:

# Al-Fatiha (The Opening), 7 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
# Al-Baqara (The Heifer, The Cow), 286 ayat, 40 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-i-Imran (The Family of Imran), 200 ayat, 20 rukus, Madinan sura
# An-Nisa (The Women), 176 ayat, 24 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-Ma'ida (The Table Spread, The Table), 120 ayat, 16 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-An'am (The Cattle), 165 ayat, 20 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-A'raf (The Heights), 206 ayat, 24 rukus Makkan sura
# Al-Anfal (The Spoils of War), 75 ayat, 10 rukus, Madinan sura
# At-Tawba (The Repentance), 129 ayat, 16 rukus, Madinan sura
# Yunus (Jonah), 109 ayat, 11 rukus, Makkan sura
# Hud (Hud), 123 ayat, 10 rukus, Makkan sura
# Yusuf (Joseph), 111 ayat, 12 rukus, Makkan sura
# Ar-Ra'd (The Thunder), 43 ayat, 6 rukus, Madinan sura
# Ibrahim (Abraham), 52 ayat, 7 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Hijr (The Rocky Tract, Al-Hijr, The Stoneland, The Rock City), 99 ayat, 6 rukus, Makkan sura
# An-Nahl (The Honey Bee), 128 ayat, 16 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Isra (Isra, The Night Journey, The Children of Israel), 111 ayat, 12 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Kahf (The Cave), 110 ayat, 12 rukus Makkan sura
# Maryam (Mary), 98 ayat,6 rukus, Makkan sura
# Ta-Ha (Ta-Ha), 135 ayat, 8 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Anbiya (The Prophets), 112 ayat, 7 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage, The Hajj), 78 ayat, 10 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-Muminun (The Believers), 118 ayat, 6 rukus, Makkan sura
# An-Noor (The Light), 64 ayat, 9 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-Furqan (The Criterion, The Standard), 77 ayat, 6 rukus, Makkan sura
# Ash-Shu'ara (The Poets), 227 ayat, 11 rukus, Makkan sura
# An-Naml (The Ant, The Ants), 93 ayat, 7 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Qasas (The Narrations, The Stories), 88 ayat, 9 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Ankabut (The Spider), 69 ayat, 7 rukus, Makkan sura
# Ar-Rum (The Romans, The Byzantines), 60 ayat, 6 rukus, Makkan sura
# Luqman (Luqman), 34 ayat, 4 rukus, Makkan sura
# As-Sajda (The Prostration, Worship, Adoration), 30 ayat, 3 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Ahzab (The Clans, The Confederates, The Combined Forces), 73 ayat, 9 rukus, Madinan sura
# Saba (Saba, Sheba), 54 ayat, 6 rukus, Makkan sura
# Fatir (The Originator), 45 ayat, 5 rukus, Makkan sura
# Ya-Seen (Ya-seen), 83 ayat, 5 rukus, Makkan sura
# As-Saaffat (Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn Up In Ranks), 182 ayat, 5 rukus, Makkan sura
# Sad (The Letter Sad), 88 ayat, 5 rukus, Makkan sura
# Az-Zumar (The Crowds, The Troops, Throngs), 75 ayat, 8 rukus, Makkan sura
# Ghafir, Al Mu'min [cite book
last = Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi
title = The Meaning of the Qur'an
publisher =
date =
location =
pages =
id = At Compendium of Muslim Text, University of Southern California
url = http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/maududi/mau40.html
] (The Forgiver(God), The Believer), 85 ayat, 9 rukus, Makkan sura
# Fussilat (Expounded, Explained In Detail), 54 ayat, 6 rukus, Makkan sura
# Ash-Shura (The Consultation), 53 ayat, 5 rukus, Makkan sura
# Az-Zukhruf (The Gold Adornments, The Ornaments Of Gold, Luxury), 89 ayat, 7 rukus, Makkan sura
# Ad-Dukhan (The Smoke), 59 ayat, 3 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Jathiya (The Kneeling Down ,Crouching), 37 ayat, 4 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Ahqaf (Winding Sand-tracts, The Wind-curved Sandhills, The Dunes), 35 ayat, 4 rukus, Makkan sura
# Muhammad (Muhammad), 38 ayat, 4 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-Fath (The Victory, Conquest), 29 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-Hujurat (The Private Apartments, The Inner Apartments), 18 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
# Qaf (The Letter Qaf), 45 ayat, 3 rukus, Makkan sura
# Adh-Dhariyat (The Wind That Scatter, The Winnowing Winds), 60 ayat, 3 rukus, Makkan sura
# At-Tur (The Mount), 49 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
# An-Najm (The Star), 62 ayat, 3 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Qamar (The Moon), 55 ayat, 3 rukus, Makkan sura
# Ar-Rahman (The Most Gracious, The Beneficent, The Mercy Giving), 78 ayat, 3 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-Waqia (The Inevitable, The Event), 96 ayat, 3 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Hadid (The Iron), 29 ayat, 4 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-Mujadila (The Pleading, She That Disputeth, The Pleading Woman), 22 ayat, 3 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-Hashr (The Mustering, The Gathering,Exile, Banishment), 24 ayat, 3 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-Mumtahina (The Examined One, She That Is To Be Examined, Examining Her), 13 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
# As-Saff (The Ranks, Battle Array), 14 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-Jumuah (The Congregation, Friday), 11 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-Munafiqoon (The Hypocrites), 11 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
# At-Taghabun (The Mutual Loss and Gain, The Mutual Disillusion, Haggling), 18 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
# At-Talaq (Divorce), 12 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
# At-Tahrim (The Prohibition), 12 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-Mulk (The Dominion, Sovereignty, Control), 30 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Qalam (The Pen), 52 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Haaqqa (The Sure Reality), 52 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Maarij (The Ways of Ascent, The Ascending Stairways), 44 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
# Nooh (Noah), 28 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Jinn (The Spirits, The Jinn ,The Demons), 28 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Muzzammil (The Enfolded One, The Enshrouded One, Bundled Up), 20 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Muddaththir (The One Wrapped Up, The Cloaked One, The Man Wearing A Cloak), 56 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Qiyama (The Day of Resurrection, Rising Of The Dead), 40 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Insan (Man, Human), 31 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-Mursalat (Those Sent Forth, The Emissaries, Winds Sent Forth), 50 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
# An-Naba (The Great News, Tidings, The Announcement), 40 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# An-Naziat (Those Who Tear Out, Those Who Drag Forth, Soul-snatchers), 46 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
# Abasa (He Frowned), 42 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# At-Takwir (The Folding Up, The Overthrowing), 29 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Infitar (The Cleaving Asunder, Bursting Apart), 19 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Mutaffifin (The Dealers in Fraud, Defrauding, The Cheats, Cheating), 36 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Inshiqaq (The Rending Asunder, The Sundering, Splitting Open), 25 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Burooj (The Mansions Of The Stars, Constellations), 22 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# At-Tariq (The Night-Visitant, The Morning Star, The Nightcomer), 17 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-'Ala (The Most High, Glory To Your Lord In The Highest), 19 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Ghashiya (The Overwhelming Event, The Pall), 26 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Fajr (The Break of Day, The Dawn), 30 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Balad (The City, This Countryside), 20 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Ash-Shams (The Sun), 15 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Lail (The Night), 21 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Ad-Dhuha (The Glorious Morning Light, The Forenoon, Morning Hours, Morning Bright), 11 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Ash-Sharh (The Expansion of Breast, Solace, Consolation, Relief), 8 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# At-Tin (The Fig, The Fig tree), 8 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Alaq (The Clinging Clot, The Clot, Recite), 19 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Qadr (The Night of Power or Honor, The Night of Decree, Power, Fate), 5 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Bayyina (The Clear Proof, Evidence), 8 ayat, 1 rukus, Madinan sura
# Az-Zalzala (The Earthquake), 8 ayat, 1 rukus, Madinan sura
# Al-Adiyat (The Courser, The Chargers), 11 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Qaria (The Striking Hour, The Great Calamity, The Stunning Blow, The Disaster), 11 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# At-Takathur (The Piling Up, Rivalry In World Increase, Competition), 8 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Asr (The Time, The Declining Day, Eventide, The Epoch), 3 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Humaza (The Scandalmonger, The Traducer, The Gossipmonger), 9 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
# Al-Fil (The Elephant), 5 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
# Quraysh (Quraish), 4 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
# Al-Ma'un (The Neighbourly Assistance, Small Kindnesses, Almsgiving, Have You Seen), 7 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
# Al-Kawthar (Abundance, Plenty), 3 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
# Al-Kafirun (Those Who Reject Faith, The Disbelievers, The Kafirs), 6 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
# An-Nasr (The Help, Succour, Divine Support, Victory), 3 ayat, 1 ruku, Madinan sura
# Al-Masadd (The Plaited Rope, The Palm Fibre), 5 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
# Al-Ikhlas (Purity of Faith, The Fidelity), 4 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
# Al-Falaq (The Daybreak, Dawn), 5 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
# Al-Nas (Mankind), 6 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura

References

External links

* [http://www.searchtruth.com/list.php List of all Surahs of the Qur'an]
* [http://www.qran.org/q-chrono.htm Qur'ān Verses in Chronological Order]
* [http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/maududi/ The Meaning of Quran Maududi's introductions to Quran chapters (a small concise of the 6 volumes The Meaning of the Qur'an at Compendium of Muslim Text, University of Southern California).]
* [http://www.searchtruth.com/tafsir/tafsir.php The Meaning of the Qur'an (complete), Maududi's The Meaning of the Qur'an Tafsir, aka Tafhim Al Quran, .]


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