Illogan


Illogan

Coordinates: 50°15′01″N 5°16′04″W / 50.2503°N 5.2677°W / 50.2503; -5.2677

Illogan
Cornish: Egloshal
St Illogan Church Bell Tower - geograph.org.uk - 188951.jpg
St Illogan Church Bell Tower
Illogan is located in Cornwall
Illogan

 Illogan shown within Cornwall
Population 5,585 (Civil Parish, 2001)
OS grid reference SW673439
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Redruth
Postcode district TR16
Dialling code 01209
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Camborne and Redruth
List of places: UK • England • Cornwall

Illogan (pronounced i'lluggan, Cornish: Egloshal) is a village and civil parish in Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is situated two miles (3 km) northwest of Redruth.[1]

Originally a rural area supporting itself by farming and agriculture, Illogan shared in the general leap into prosperity brought about by the mining boom, which was experienced by the whole Camborne-Redruth area.[2]

St Illogan Church Parish was the birthplace of engineer and inventor Richard Trevithick.[3]

Contents

Geography

There are two Illogan Parishes:

  • St Illogan Church Parish stretching from Piece and Carnkie, to Portreath on the North Coast; Brea and Tuckingmill along the River Connor to the West; and Porthtowan, Sparnon Gate and Redruth Coombe to the East. The population is approximately 14,000; making it more populous than Redruth. It was the third largest in Cornwall. Before 1935, the Church and Civil Parish boundaries were the same. In 1935, Illogan Civil Parish was accidentally abolished in the Local Government Act 1933 which created Camborne-Redruth Urban District.[4]
  • Illogan Civil Parish stretching from Bridge and Harris Mill in the East; Tolvaddon and Bell Lake in the West; and from the A30 to Reskajeage on the North Cliffs. In 1985, Civil Parish status was given back to Illogan, but as the population was too large, Illogan was divided into the Civil Parishes of Carn Brea, Illogan and Portreath.[4]

Church and school

The church is dedicated to Saint Illogan, of whom little is known.[5] The tower is all that remains of the medieval church: the new church was separate from it and was built to the designs of J. P. St Aubyn in 1846. Notable features are some fine monuments of the Bassets and others and the granite font.[6] The church contains a brass to James Basset, 1604[7]

The parish has a primary school with about 220 pupils.[8]

Magor Farm

Magor Farm is the site of the only Roman villa southwest of Exeter. In 1931 the ruins were found at Magor Farm, Illogan, and excavated under the guidance of the Royal Institution of Cornwall.[9] The villa was probably the residence of a wealthy Dumnonian who had adopted the Roman lifestyle.[10]

References

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 203 Land's End ISBN 978-0-319-23148-7
  2. ^ Thomas, J. (1990) Illogan: More than a Village, p.vii. Redruth: Dyllansow Truran. ISBN 1-85022-051-4
  3. ^ Payton, P.(2004) Cornwall: a History, p. 187. Fowey: Cornwall Editions
  4. ^ a b Holmes, P. (2010) 'Is Illogan a Village?' Illogan Parish Review, p.5. http://www.illoganparishcouncil.gov.uk/Core/IlloganPC/UserFiles/Files/Illoganreviewspring2010.pdf; retrieved 6 Feb 2011
  5. ^ "Parish Church website". http://www.saint-illogan.org.uk/. 
  6. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed. Penguin Books; pp. 82-83
  7. ^ Dunkin, E. (1882) Monumental Brasses. London: Spottiswoode
  8. ^ "Illogan Primary School website". http://www.illoganschool.ik.org/. 
  9. ^ O'Neil, B. H. St. J. "Roman villa in Cornwall", Antiquity 5 (1931), pp. 494-5, with photographs
  10. ^ "Romano-British Villa Magor Farm, Illogan, Redruth, Cornwall". Roman-Britain.org. http://www.roman-britain.org/places/illogan.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-29. 

External links

Media related to Illogan at Wikimedia Commons


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