- Amstel Brewery
Amstel Brewery (Amstelbrouwerij) was a
breweryfounded in 1870 on the Mauritskade in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. It was taken over by Heineken Internationalin 1968, and the brewing plant closed down in 1982, [ [http://www.europeanbeerguide.net/hollbrw1.htm#amstel Dutch Breweries (and all the beers they brew) ] ] with production moving to the main Heineken plant at Zoeterwoude.
brewerywas founded on June 11, 1870 in Amsterdam and named after the AmstelRiver, the waters of which also served for refrigeration. By 1872, Amstel was annually producing 10,000 hectoliters. For the purpose of storing the beer, winter ice from canals was kept in special double-walled cellars. Originally, the beer was mostly drunk in Amsterdam. From 1883, it was also exported to Great Britainand Indonesia.
The "Beiersche Bierbrouwerij de Amstel" (Amstel Bavarian beer brewery) was created in 1892 as a joint stock company. In 1915 the production of Amstel had increased twenty-fold and in 1926, Amstel consisted of a third of the Dutch beer exports. In 1941, Amstel, together with Heineken, bought up the Amsterdam brewery "Van Vollenhovens bierbrouwerij", which was closed in 1961.
In 1954, Amstel built a brewery in
Suriname. A few years later, Amstel was the first Dutch brewery to export beer in cans. At this time, the total exports of Amstel beer amounted to 101,000 hectoliters. In 1958 a subsidiary of Amstel produced its first beer in Jordan. In 1960, the third subsidiary of Amstel was opened - the Antillean brewery on Curaçao. 1963 saw the opening of two new breweries, one in Puerto Ricoand one in Greece.
Amstel was bought out by
Heinekenin 1968. In 1972 the Amstel Brewery in Amsterdam was closed and production was relocated to the main Heineken plant in Zoeterwoude. The building on the Mauritskade was torn down. Only the former administration building was kept and has meanwhile become part of the Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Heineken offers several beers under the Amstel brand. [ [http://www.ratebeer.com/brewers/heineken-nederland/9/ Heineken Nederland ] ] "Amstel Lager" uses predominantly light
pilsner malt, although some dark maltis also used. It is sold in 75 countries. "Amstel Light" is a 3.5% abv pale lager. "Amstel 1870" is a slightly dark 5% abv lager. In France a beer called "Amstel Free", with minimal alcohol content - about one per cent ABV, is produced. A non-alcoholic version can also be purchased in The Netherlands.
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