List of philosophy topics (R-Z)


List of philosophy topics (R-Z)

R

Ra

Rabad- Rabbinic law- Rabbinic theology- Francois Rabelais- François Rabelais- race- racetrack paradox- racism- Gustav Radbruch- Janet Radcliffe Richards- Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan- radical Aristotelianism- radical behaviourism- radical feminism- radical interpretation- radical philosophy- radical translation- radical translation and radical interpretation- Qutb al-Din Ahmad al-Rahim- Karl Rahner- Ramakrishna movement- Ramanuja- Rāmānuja- Pierre de la Ramee- Pierre de la Ramée- ramified type theory- Ramist movement- Allan Ramsay - Frank P. Ramsey- Frank Plumpton Ramsey- Ian Thomas Ramsey- Ramsey-eliminability- Ramsey-Lewis method- Ramsey sentence- Ramsey test- Petrus Ramus- randomness- range- Hastings Rashdall- ratio recta- ratio scale- ratiocination- rational beliefs- rational choice theory- rational number- rational psychology- rational reconstruction- rationalism- rationality- rationality and cultural relativism- rationality of belief- rationalization- Felix Ravaisson- Félix Ravaisson- Jean-Gaspard Felix Lacher Ravaisson-Mollien- Jean-Gaspard Félix Lacher Ravaisson-Mollien- Raven paradox- raw feels- John Rawls- John Ray- al-Rāzī- al-Razi- Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Zakariyya' al-Razi- Fakhr al-Din al-Razi

Re

Rea-Rei

reactive attitude- reaction- real- real assent- real definition- real distinction- real essence- real mathematics- real number- real proposition- realism- realism and antirealism- realism and anti-realism- realism ante rem- realism in rebus- realism in the philosophy of mathematics- reality- reality enforcement- reality principle- realizability- realization- reason- reason as slave of the passions- reasoning- reasons- reasons and causes- Reasons and Persons- reasons externalism- reasons for action- reasons for belief- reasons internalism- rebirth- Rechtsstaat- reciprocal altruism- reciprocity- recognition- recollection- reconstruction- rectification and remainders- Rectification of Names- recurrence- recursion- recursion-theoretic hierarchies- recursive function- recursive function theory- redintegration- redistribution- reducibility- reducibility of consciousness- reduct- reductio ad absurdum- reductio ad impossibile- reduction- reduction base- reduction sentence- reductionism- reductionism in the philosophy of mind- reductive naturalism- redundancy- redundancy theory of truth- redundant- Paul Ree- Paul Rée- reference - reference class- referential- referential occurrence- referential opacity- referential quantification- referential theory of meaning- referentially transparent- referring- reflection- reflection principles- reflective equilibrium- reflexive- reflexivity- reform- reformed epistemology- regional supervenience- Pierre-Sylvain Regis- Pierre-Sylvain Régis- regress- regress argument- regress argument in epistemology- regression analysis- regressor variable- regularity theory of causation- regulative principle- regulative principles- August Wilhelm Rehberg - Wilhelm Reich- Hans Reichenbach- Thomas Reid - reification (fallacy)- Hermann Samuel Reimarus- Adolf Reinach- reincarnation- Karl Leonhard Reinhold- reism

Rel-Rev

relation- relational- relational logic- relational quantum mechanics- relational semantics- relational value- relationalism- relationism- relations- relative identity- relative threshold- relative time- relative value- relativism- relativity- relativity of knowledge- relativity theory- relevance logic- relevance logic and entailment- relevance of logic- relevant alternative- reliabilism- religion- religion and epistemology- religion and morality- religion and political philosophy- religion and science- religion, art, and science- religious belief- religious belief and cosmology- religious experience- religious language- religious pluralism- Religiousness A and B- remembering- reminiscence- Renaissance philosophy- Karl Renner- Charles Renouvier- Charles Bernard Renouvier- representation- representation theorem- representational- representational scheme- representational theory of art- representational theory of memory- representationalism- representative realism- repression- reprobation- reproduction and ethics- republicanism- rerum natura- respect- respect for persons- responsibilities of scientists and intellectuals- representation- representation in art- representative theory of perception- res cogitans- res extensa- Nicholas Rescher- resentment- respondent conditioning- response variable- responsibility- restricted quantification- restrictio- resultance- resultant attribute- resurrection- retributive justice- retributive justice- retributivism- retrocausation- revaluation of values- revealed truth- revelation- revenge- revisionary metaphysics- revolution

Rh

Rhazes - rhetoric - rhetoric of science

Ri

Ricardus Sophista- Richard Kilvington- Richard of Cornwall- Richard of Middleton- Richard of St Victor- Richard Rufus- Richard Rufus of Cornwall- Richard the Sophister- Richard's paradox- Heinrich Rickert- Paul Ricoeur- Paul Ricœur- G. F. B. Riemann- right- the right- right action- right and good- right of nature- rightness- rights- rigid designator- rigorism- rigorous duty- ring of Gyges- risk- risk assessment- risus sophisticus- ritual

Ro

robot- Jacques Rohault- role obligations- role of decoherence in quantum mechanics- role responsibility- Roman law- Roman philosophy- Judah Romano- romantic irony- romanticism- Romanticism and conservatism- Francisco Romero (philosopher)- Richard Rorty- Richard McKay Rorty- Roscelin de Compiègne- Roscelin de Compiegne- Roscelin of Compiègne- Roscellin of Compiegne- Franz Rosenzweig- Antonio Rosmini- Antonio Rosmini-Serbati- Rosminians- Alf Ross- W. D. Ross- W.D. Ross- William David Ross- Jean-Jacques Rousseau- Josiah Royce- Vasilii Rozanov- Vasilii Vasil'evich Rozanov

Ru

Musonius Rufus- Richard Rufus- Arnold Ruge- rule- rule consequentialism- rule of addition- rule of conjunction- rule of detachment- rule of double negation- rule of inference- rule of law- rule of recognition- rule of simplification- rule of total evidence- rule utilitarianism- rules- Ruling Argument- Ibn Rushd- Bertrand Russell- Bertrand Arthur William Russell- Russell's moral philosophy- Russell's paradox- Russian empiriocriticism- Russian literary Formalism- Russian materialism- Russian nihilism- Russian philosophy- Russian Religious-Philosophical Renaissance

Ry

Gilbert Ryle- Ryle's regress

S4- S5

a

Sa skya Pandita- Saadiah Gaon- Saadiah Gaon al-Fayyumi- al-Sabzawari- al-Hajj Mulla Hadi al-Sabzawari- Ammonius Saccas- sacraments- sacred- sage- Sagya Pandita- Sagypandita- Mark Sainsbury- Saint Petersburg paradox- Saint-Simon- Claude-Henri de Rouvroy, comte de Saint-Simon- Sakti- Saktism- Nathan Salmon- Wesley Salmon- salva veritate- salvation- samadhi- sāmādhi- samanantara-pratyaya- samatha- Samhita- Samkara- Śamkara- Samkhya- Sāmkhya- samples- samsara- samsāra- Francisco Sanches- sactification- sanction- Michael Sandel- Sankara- Śankara- Sankhya- Sānkhya- Sankhya-Yoga- George Santayana- Edward Sapir- Sapir-Whorf hypothesis- Jean-Paul Sartre- sat, chit, ānanda- satisfaction- satisfaction conditions- satisfiable- satisfice- satisficing- saturated- saturated expression- Ferdinand de Saussure- Friedrich Karl von Savigny- saying and showing

c

scalar implicature- Scandinavian philosophy- scepticism- scepticism about law- scepticism about religion- Sceptics- Richard Schacht- Schadenfreude- Max Scheler- Max Ferdinand Scheler- Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling- Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling- Schellingianism- schema- schemata- schematic form- scheme- scheme of abbreviation- Ferdinand Canning Scott Schiller- Johann Christoph Friedrich Schiller- Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller- Friedrich Schlegel- Friedrich von Schlegel- Friedrich Schleiermacher- Friedrich Daniel Schleiermacher- Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher- Friedrich Albert Moritz Schlick- Moritz Schlick- Kaspar Schmidt- Carl Schmitt- Scholastic method- Scholasticism- School of Laws- School of Names- Arthur Schopenhauer- Schröder-Bernstein theorem- Erwin Schrödinger- Schrödinger cat paradox- Schrödinger equation- Gottlob Ernst Schulze- Joseph Alois Schumpeter- Anna Maria van Schurman- Alfred Schutz- Alfred Schütz- science- science and gender- science and knowledge- science and life- science and philosophy- science and religion- science, art, and religion- science in Islamic philosophy- scientia media- scientia universalis- scientific antirealism- scientific behaviorism- scientific determinism- scientific explanation- scientific instruments- scientific knowledge- scientific method- scientific progress- scientific realism- scientific realism and antirealism- scientific realism and social science- scientific relativism- scientific theories- scientific theory- scientific unity- scientism- scientists' belief in God- scope- scope ambiguity- scope fallacies- scope of operators- Scotistic realism- Scottigena- Scottish common sense philosophy - Scottish philosophy- John Duns Scotus- Johannes Scotus Eriugena- script- Roger Scruton

e

sea battle- John Searle- John R. Searle- second actualization- second- and higher-order logics- second imposition- second intention- second law of thermodynamics- second-order- second-order logic- second potentiality- second Thomism- secondarily evaluative word- secondary process- secondary qualities- secondary rule- secondary substance- secondness- secundum quid- security strategy- seeing- seeing as- John Selden- selection- self- self-consciousness- self-control- self-cultivation in Chinese philosophy- self-deception- self-determination- self-evidence- self-interest- self-interest theory- self-justification- self-love- self-organizing system- self-presenting- self-realization- self-reference- self-referential incoherence- self-regarding and other-regarding actions- self-reproducing automaton- self-respect- Roy Wood Sellars- Wilfrid Sellars- Wilfrid Stalker Sellars- semantic ascent- semantic atomism- semantic challenges to realism- semantic completeness- semantic compositionaliry- semantic conceptions of information- semantic consequence- semantic consistency- semantic holism- semantic molecularism- semantic nihilism- semantic paradoxes- semantic paradoxes and theories of truth- semantic solipsism- semantic tableaux- semantic theory of truth- semantic truth- semantics- semi-order- semiosis- semiotic- semiotics- Amartya K. Sen- Lucius Annaeus Seneca- Seneca the Younger- Seng-chao- Sengzhao- sensa- sensation- sensationalism- sense- sense and reference- sense awareness- sense-data- sense-datum theory- sense perception- sense qualia- sensibility- sensible intuition- sensibles- sensorium- sensum- sensus communis- sentence- sentences- sentential calculus- sentential connective- sentential function- sentential operator- sentiment- sentimentalism- sentiments- separation- separation of law and morals- sequent calculus- Serbian philosophy- John Sergeant- set- set-theoretic paradoxes- set-theoretic reflection principles- set theory- Heinrich Seuse- seven emotions- Seven Sages of Greece- Seven Worthies of the Bamboo Grove- sex- sexism- Sextus Empiricus- sexual morality- sexuality

h

Lord Shaftesbury- Anthony Ashley-Cooper, third Earl of Shaftesbury- Shah Wali Allah- shamanism- shame- shan- shang ti- Lord Shang- Shang Yang- Shankara- Shao Yong- Shao Yung- Johannes Sharpe- Sheffer stroke- Shem Tov family- shen- Shen Pu-hai- Shen Tao- Shen Tzu- sheng- Mary Shepherd- William Sherwood- Lev Shestov- shih- Shinran- Shinto- Shintō- ship of Theseus- al-Shirazi- Sadr al-Din Muhammad al-Shirazi- Sydney Shoemaker- Shotoku Constitution- Shōtoku Constitution- Gustav Gustavovich Shpet- shriek- shriek operator- shu- Yehuda Leib Shvartsman- William Shyreswood

i

Siddhartha Gautama- Siddhārtha Gautama- side constraints- Henry Sidgwick- Siger of Brabant- Sign (semiotics)- sign and symbol- signified- signifier- Signposts movement- signs- al-Sijistani- Abu Sulayman Muhammad al-Sijistani- silhak- Francesco Silvestri- Silvestris Berardus- similarity- Georg Simmel- Simon of Faversham- simple ordering- simple supposition- simple theory of types- simplicity- Simplicius- simplification- Simpson's paradox- simulated reality- simulation theory- simulator- simultaneity- sin- Ibn Sina- sincerity- sine qua non- Peter Singer- Peter A. Singer- single case- singleton set- singular causal relation- singular causal statement- singular term- Sinn- sinsign- Sirhak- Sittlichkeit- situation ethics- situation semantics- situation theory- situational semantics- Siva- six emotions

k

skeptic- skepticism- Skeptics- B. F. Skinner- Burrhus Frederick Skinner- Thoralf Skolem- Skolem-Löwenheim theorem- Skolem normal form- Skolem paradox- Skolem's paradox- Hryhorii Savych Skovoroda

l

slave morality- slave of the passions- slavery- Slavophilism- slime- slippery slope- slippery slope argument- Slovene philosophy

m

J. J. C. Smart- J.J.C. Smart- Jack Smart- John Jamieson Carswell Smart- Adam Smith

n

snow is white

o

social action- social biology- social choice- social constructionism- social contract- Social Darwinism- social democracy- social dimensions of knowledge- social engineering- social epistemology- social ethics- social facts- social justice- social laws- social norms- social philosophy- social philosophy of science- social relativism- social science- social theory and law- socialism- society- Society of Mind theory- Socinianism- Faustus Socinus- Laelus Socinus- sociobiology- sociolect- sociological jurisprudence- sociology- sociology of knowledge- Socrates- Socrates Scholasticus- Socratic dialogues- Socratic intellectualism- Socratic irony- Socratic method- Socratic paradox- Socratic paradoxes- Socratic schools- soft determinism- software- Shihab al-Din Yahya Sohravardi- Shihāb al-Dīn Yahyā Sohravardī- Sokal Affair- solidarity- solipsism- Solomon Ibn Gabirol- Joseph B. Soloveitchik- Vladimir Solov'ëv- Vladimir Sergeevich Solov'ëv- Vladimir Solovyov- Vladimir Sergeevich Solovyov- Son Buddhism- Song of God- sophia- sophism- sophismata- sophist- Sophists- Sophocles- Richard Sorabji- Richard Ruston Kharsedji Sorabji- Georges Sorel- sorites- sorites paradox- sortal- sortal predicate- Ernest Sosa- Sosan Hyujong- Sôsan Hyujông- Domingo de Soto- soul- soul in Islamic philosophy- soundness- South American philosophy- South Slavic philosophy- sovereignty- Soviet philosophy

p

space- space and time- space-time- spacetime- Spanish philosophy- spatiotemporal continuity- speaker's meaning- special relativity- special senses- special sensibles- species- species problem- speciesism- specious present- speckled hen- spectrum inversion- speculative philosophy- speculative reason- speech act theory- speech acts- speech-acts- Herbert Spencer- Speusippus- Baruch Spinoza- Benedict de Spinoza- Benedictus Spinoza- Afrikan Spir- spirit- spissitude- split brain effects- split brains- spontaneity- spontaneity and indifference- sport- sport and ethics- spread law- T. L. S. Sprigge- T.L.S. Sprigge- Timothy L. S. Sprigge

q

square of opposition

r

Sri Aurobindo

t

St. Petersburg paradox- philosophy made in student's study skills- Germaine, madame de Staël- Anne-Louise-Germaine, madame de Staël-Holstein- Stagirite- James Dalrymple, Viscount Stair- Robert Stalnaker- Robert C. Stalnaker- standard analysis- standard interpretation- standard model- standard semantics- state- state description- state function- state of affairs- state of nature- state space- state table- state variable- state verb- statement- statement form- statements- statements and sentences- statistical explanation- statistical independence- statistical law- statistical physics- statistical probability- statistics- statistics and social science- Rudolf Steiner- Leslie Stephen- Sir Leslie Stephen- Charles L. Stevenson- Charles Leslie Stevenson- Dugald Stewart- Stephen Stich- Edward Stillingfeet- stipulative definition- Max Stirner- stochastic process- Stoicism- stone paradox- stories and explanation- George Frederick Stout- Strabo- strategy- Strato- Strato of Lampascus- Straton- David Friedrich Strauss- Leo Strauss- straw man fallacy- P. F. Strawson- P.F. Strawson- Peter Strawson- Peter F. Strawson- Peter Frederick Strawson- stream of consciousness- strict conditional- strict duty- strict identity- strict implication- strict partial order- stroke notation- strong semantic completeness- strong soundness- strong supervenience- Barry Stroud- study skills- structural violence- structuralism- structuralism in linguistics- structuralism in literary theory- structuralism in social science- structure- structure description- stuff- Sturm und Drang

u

Francisco Suárez- Francisco Suarez- sub specie aeternitatis- subaltern- subconscious mind- subcontraries- subcontrary- subdoxastic- subject (philosophy)- subject and predicate- subject-object dichotomy- subjective probability- subjective reason- subjective rightness- subjective truth- subjectivism (see also metaphysical subjectivism)- subjectivity- subjunctive conditional- sublation- sublime- subset- subsidiarity- subsistence- substance- substance and attribute- substance causation- substance-function- substance theory- substantial form- substantialism- substantival causation- substantivalism- substantive pluralism- substitutability salva veritate- substitutional quantification- substitutivity salva veritate- substrate- substratum- substructural logic- subsumption theory of explanation- Gabrielle Suchon- suffering- sufficient condition- sufficient reason- Sufism- Shihab al-Din Yahya al-Suhrawardi- sui generis- suicide- summum bonum- summum genus- Sun Bin- Sun Pin- Sun Tzu- Sun Wu- Sun Yat-sen- Sung Hsing- Sung Tzu- sunyata- śūnyatā- Sunzi- superaltern- superego- supererogation- Superman (Nietzsche)- supernatural- supernatural theology- supernaturalism- superseding cause- superset- superstructure- supertasks- supervaluation- supervaluation semantics- supervenience- supervenience of the mental- supervenient behaviorism- suppositio- supposition theory- sure-thing principle- surface grammar- surface structure- surplus value- survival- Henry Suso- sustaining cause- sutra

w

Swami Vivekananda- Emanuel Swedenborg- Swedenborgianism- Swedish philosophy- Richard Swinburne

y

syllogism- Francis Sylvester of Ferrara- symbol- symbolic interactionism- symbolic logic- symbols- symmetric relation- symmetrical- symmetry- symmetry thesis- sympathy- symptom- synesthesia- syncategoremata- syncategorematic- synderesis- syndicalism- synechism- synergism- synergy- synonymous definition- synonymy- syntactic ambiguity- syntactic consistency- syntactic term- syntactics- syntax- synthesis- synthetic- synthetic a priori- synthetic a priori judgements- synthetic knowledge- synthetic proposition- synthetic statements- Syrian school- Syrianus- system- systems analysis- systems theory- systems theory in social science

z

szu

T

T schema- T sentence

Ta

Ta Hsueh- table of categories- table of judgments- tabula rasa- tacit consent- tacit knowledge- Rabindranath Tagore- Tai Chen- t'ai-chi- Hippolyte Taine- taking children seriously- T'an Ssu-t'ung- Tanabe Hajime- T'ang Chun-i- T'ang Chün-i- Tantra- tao- tao-hsin- tao-hsin and jen-hsin- Tao Te Ching- tao-t'ung- Taoism- Taoist philosophy- tar-water- Tarot divination- Alfred Tarski- Tarskian biconditional- Tarskian satisfaction- Tarskian semantics- Tarski's definition of truth- Tarski's theorem- Tarski's schema- Tarski's T-schema- Tasan- task verb- taste- John Tauler- tautology- Abū Hayyān al-Tawhīdī- taxonomy- Charles Taylor- Harriet Taylor- Richard Taylor

Te

te- teaching and indoctrinating- teaching philosophy- techne- technology- technology and ethics- Gustav Teichmuller- Gustav Teichmüller- Pierre Teilhard de Chardin- Tel Quel School- telekinesis- teleofunctionalism- teleological argument- teleological argument for the existence of God- teleological ethics- teleological explanation- teleological law- teleological suspension of the ethical- teleological theories of mental content- teleology- teleosemantics- telepathy- Bernardino Telesio- telishment- telos- temperance- template- William Temple- temporal becoming- temporal logic- temporal properties- temporal relations- tender-minded- tender-minded and tough-minded- Frederick Robert Tennant- tense and temporal logic- tense logic- tensed identity- Teresa of Ávila- Teresa of Avila- Saint Teresa of Ávila- Saint Teresa of Avila- term- terminist logic- terminus a quo- terminus ad quem- terrorism- tertiary qualities- tertium non datur- Tertullian- Quintus Septimus Florens Tertullian- test of time- testability- testimony- testimony in Indian philosophy- Johann Nicolas Tetens- Johann Nicolaus Tetens- Tetractys

Th

Thales- Thales of Miletus- Theatetus- theism- thema- Themistius- theodicy- Theodorus of Cyrene- theologica naturalis- theological creationism- theological naturalism- theological virtues- theological voluntarism- theology- theology and philosophy- theology of liberation- Theophrastus- theorem- theoretical concept- theoretical construct- theoretical entity- theoretical identity- theoretical judgment- theoretical rationality- theoretical reason- theoretical reasoning- theoretical term- theoretical underdeterimination- theoretical virtues- theoria- theories- theory- theory and observation in the social sciences- theory and practice- theory-laden- theory of appearing- theory of conduct- theory of descriptions- theory of effluxes- theory of everything (philosophy)- Theory of Forms- theory of frequency- theory of ideas and vision in God- theory of justification- The Theory of Moral Sentiments- theory of relativity- theory of signs- theory of types- theory theory- theosophy- Theravada Buddhism- thermodynamics- thesis- theurgy- Helmut Thielicke- Thierry of Chartres- thing- thing-in-itself- thing in itself- things- thinking- thinking causes- third man argument- thirdness- thisness- Thomas À Kempis- Thomas Aquinas- Christian Thomas- Thomas of York - Christian Thomasius- Thomism- Judith Jarvis Thomson- Henry David Thoreau- thought- thought experiment- Thrasymachus- Three Profound Treatises- three-valued logic- Three Ways- threshold- Thucydides

Ti

t'i- ti and yong- t'i and yung- Tibetan Buddhism- Tibetan philosophy- tian- t'ien- t'ien-jen ho-i- t'ien-li- t'ien li and jen-yü- T'ien Ming- Tillers- Paul Tillich- time- time lag argument- time preference- time slice- time travel- time-travel- Timon- Timon of Philius- Matthew Tindal- William Tisberi

To

to be- Alexis de Tocqueville- Tzvetan Todorov- T'oegye- Toegye- token- token epiphenomenalism- token physicalism- token-reflexive- token reflexive- token-token identity- token-type distinction- John Toland- Francisco Toledo- tolerance- toleration- Francisco Toletus- Franciscus Toletus- Count Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoi- Tominaga Nakamoto- tone- Tonghak- tonk- top-down- top down- topic-neutral- topic neutral- total- total evidence- total ordering- totalitarianism- tough-minded- toxin puzzle- Arnold Toynbee

Tr

tracking- Tractarian- Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus- tradition- traditionalism- traducianism- tragedy- tragedy of the commons- transcendence- transcendental- transcendental analytic- transcendental argument- transcendental arguments- transcendental deduction- transcendental dialectic- transcendental ego- transcendental idealism- transcendental number- transcendental subjectivity- transcendental term- transcendental terms- transcendental unity of apperception- transcendentalia- transcendentalism- transcendentals- transeunt causation- transferable utility- transfinite induction- transfinite number- transformation rule- transformational grammar- transitive- transitive closure- transitive relation- transitivity- translation- translators- transparency- transparent- transparent context- transposition- transubstantiation- transvaluation of values- transversality- traversal of the infinite- tree of Porphyry- Trial of Socrates- trichotomous- trichotomy- Trinitarianism- Trinity- Tripitaka - Ernst Troeltsch- Ernst Peter Wilhelm Troeltsch- trolley problem- trope- Leon Trotsky- Catherine Trotter- true for me- trust- truth- truth and meaning- truth-conditional semantics- truth-conditional theory of meaning- truth conditions- truth-conditions- truth definition- truth-function- truth-functions- truth predicate- truth table- truth-table method- truth theory- truth-value- truth-value gaps- truth-value semantics- truthfulness- truthlikeness- truthmaker principle- trying

Ts

Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus- Tsong kha pa Blo bzang grags pa- Tsung-Mi

Tu

tu quoque- Abraham Tucker- Ernst Tugendhat- Tung Chung-shu- Alan Turing- Alan Mathison Turing- Turing degree- Turing degrees- Turing machine- Turing machine functionalism- Turing machines- Turing reducibility- Turing test- George Turnbull- Khwajah Nasir al-Tusi

Tw

Twardowski- Kazimierz Twardowski- twin earth- Twin-Earth- Twin Earth thought experiment- Two Dogmas of Empiricism

Ty

tychism- type- type epiphenomenalism- type materialism- type physicalism- type identity- type-identity theory- type theory- type-token distinction- type-type identity- types

Tz

tzu jan

U

Pietro Ubaldi- Ubermensch- Übermensch- Udana- Udayana- Uddyotakara- ugliness- Uisang- Ûisang- Ulrich of Strasbourg- Hermann Ulrici- Miguel de Unamuno- Miguel de Unamuno y Jugo- unary quantifier- uncertainty- uncertainty principle- unconscious- unconscious and subconscious mind- unconscious mental states- unconscious mind- unconsciousness- uncountable- undecidability- undecidable- undefeated- undemonstrable argument- underdetermination- underdetermination thesis- understanding- underworld of philosophy- undistributed middle- unexpected examination paradox- Peter Unger- unhappy consciousness- unified science- uniformity of nature- union- union theory- unisyncretism- unitarianism- - unity in diversity- unity of science- unity of the proposition- universal (metaphysics)- universality (philosophy)- universal characteristic- universal constructor- universal disposition- universal generalization- universal grammar- universal instantiation- universal language- universal proposition- universal quantification- universal quantifier- universal relation- universal simulator- universalism- universalism in ethics- universality- universalizability- universals- universe- universe of discourse- unknowable- unlikely philosophical propositions- unmoved mover- unsaturated- unsaturated expression- unsolvability- Upanishads- use–mention distinction- use theory of meaning- utilitarianism- utility- utility function- utopia- utopianism- Uttara Mimamsa- Uttara Mīmamsā- utterance- utterer- utterer's meaning- Dimitri Uznadze

V

vacuous- vacuous truth- vague objects- vagueness- Hans Vaihinger- Guillaume du Vair- Vaisesika- Vaiśesika- Valentinianism- Valentinius- Valentinus- valid- validity- Lorenzo Valla- Vallabhacharya- value (disambiguation)- value judgments- value judgments in social science- value of a variable- value theory - values- values and facts- Bas C. van Fraassen- Franciscus Mercurius van Helmont- Peter van Inwagen- Giulio Cesare Vanini- Vardhamana Jnatrputra- Vardhamāna Jnātrputra- Francisco Varela- variable- variable realization- variable sum game- vasana- vāsanā- Vasubandhu- Vatsyayana- Vātsyāyana- Emerich de Vattel- Gianni Vattimo- Thomas Vaughan- Luc de Clapiers de Vauvenargues- Vauvenargues- Gabriel Vazquez- Gabriel Vázquez- Veda- Vedanta- Vedānta- Vedas- vegetarianism- veil of ignorance- veil of perception- velleity- vengeance- John Venn- Venn diagram- verifiability- verifiability theory of meaning- verification- verification principle- verificationism- verisimilitude- Veritatis Splendor- Nicoletto Vernia- Verstehen- verum- vibratinuncle- vice- vices- vicious circle- vicious circle principle- vicious-circle principle- vicious regress- Giambattista Vico- Milan Vidmar- Vienna Circle- Vijnanavada- Vijñānavāda- vijnapti- vijñapti- Michel Villey- Tommaso de Vio- violence- vipassana- vipassanā- virtù- virtu- virtue - virtue epistemology- virtue ethics- virtue theory- virtues- virtues and vices- virtuous circle- Vishnu- vision- Visistadvaita Vedanta- Viśistadvaita Vedanta- visual arts and design - Vital du Four- vital lie- vitalism- Francisco de Vitoria- Juan Luís Vives- Gregory Vlastos- Eric Voegelin- void- Voidism- volition- Voltaire- voluntariness- voluntarism- voluntary act- voluntary euthanasia- August von Ciezkowski- Edouard von Hartmann- Hermann von Helmholtz- Wilhelm von Humboldt- Rudolf von Jhering- John von Neumann- G.H. von Wright- G. H. von Wright- Georg Henrik von Wright- Vorstellung- vortex theory- voting paradox- vulnerability- vulnerability and finitude- Lev Vygotskii- Lev Semenovich Vygotskii- Lev Semënovich Vygotskii- Lev Vygotsky- Lev Semenovich Vygotsky- Boris Vysheslavtsev- Boris Petrovich Vysheslavtsev

W

- Friedrich Waissman- Alfred Russel Wallace- Michael Walzer- wang- wang and pa- Wang Chong- Wang Chuanshan- Wang Ch'ung- Wang Fu-chih- Wang Fuzhi- Hao Wang (academic)- Wang Pi- Wang Yang-ming- Wang Yangming- want-belief model- war and peace- war and philosophy- war of all against all- James Ward- Geoffrey J. Warnock- Mary Warnock- warranted assertability- Warsaw School- John Broadus Watson- Tetsuro Watsuji- Watsuji Tetsurō- wave mechanics- wayward causal chain- weak law of large numbers- weak semantic completeness- weak soundness- weak supervenience- weakness of will- Max Weber- Karl Emil Maximilian Weber- Weber-Fechner law- wedge argument- Simone Weil- Ota Weinberger- Welfare- welfare economics- welfare liberalism- welfarism- well-being- well-formed formula- well-ordered set- well ordered set- well ordering- Weltanschauung- Wertrationalitat- Wertrationalität- Edward Westermarck- Western philosophy- Hermann Weyl- Weyl's paradox- Frantisek Weyr- František Weyr- Franz Weyr- wff- Wheel of life- William Whewell- Benjamin Whichcote- Thomas White- white horse paradox- Alfred North Whitehead- why- why be moral- wide content- wide reflective equilibrium- David Wiggins- will- Wille- William Ockham- William of Alnwick- William of Auvergne, Bishop of Paris- William of Auxerre- William of Champeau- William of Conches- William of Heytesbury- William of Moerbeke- William of Ockham- William of Sherwood- Bernard Williams- Bernard A. O. Williams- Bernard Arthur Owen Williams- will to believe doctrine- will to live- will to power- Willkur- Willkür- John Cook Wilson- Wilt Chamberlain argument- Wilhelm Windelband- P. G. Winch- wisdom- John Wisdom- Wissenschaftslehre- John Witherspoon- Ludwig Wittgenstein- Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein- Wittgensteinian ethics- Wittgensteinians- Adam Wodeham- Adam de Wodeham- Christian Wolff- William Wollaston- Richard Wollheim- Mary Wollstonecraft- Nicholas Wolterstorff- women in philosophy- Wonchuk- Wonch'uk- Wônch'ūk- Wonhyo- Wōnhyo- woof- work- worker control- works- world-soul- worldline- worldview- Chauncey Wright- Crispin Wright- G. H. von Wright- Georg Henrik von Wright- Jerzy Wroblewski- Jerzy Wróblewski- wu- wu-hsing- wu wei- Wilhelm Wundt- Wilhelm Maximilien Wundt- John Wyclif

X

Xenocrates- Xenophanes- Xenophon- xin- xing- Xun Zi

Y

Yajnavalkya- yang- Yang Chu- Yang Xiong- Yangzhu- Yen Yuan- Yi Ching- Yi Hwang- Yi I- Yi Kan- Yi Yulgok- Yijing- yin- yin and yang- Francis Parker Yockey- Yoga- Yogācāra Buddhism- yong- Yoruba epistemology- Young Hegelians- You are what you think- Arthur M. Young- you-wu distinction- - yu- Yugoslav philosophy- yung

Z

Z- Jacopo Zabarella- Peter Wessel Zapffe- Zarathustra (fictional philosopher)- ZC- Zeami Motokiyo- Zeigarnik effect- Zeitgeist- Eduard Zeller- zen- Zeno of Citium - Zeno of Elea- Zeno of Sidon - Zeno of Tarsus- Zeno's paradoxes - Ernst Zermelo- Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory- zero-sum- ZF- ZFC- Philip Zhai- Zhang Zai- Zheng Xuan- zhi- Zhi Dun- Zhiyi- Zhongyong- Zhou Dunyi- Zhou Guoping- Zhu Xi- Zhuangzi- Zimboe- Zionism- Slavoj Žižek- Florian Znaniecki- Zohar- Zombie- Zongmi- Zorn's lemma- Zoroaster- Zoroastrianism- Zou Yan- Xavier Zubiri- Zweckrationalität----
List of philosophical topics (A-C) --
(D-H) --
(I-Q) --(R-Z)


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