August Ferdinand Möbius


August Ferdinand Möbius

Infobox Scientist
box_width = 300px
name = August Möbius


image_size = 300px
caption = August Ferdinand Möbius (1790–1868)
birth_date = November 17, 1790
birth_place = Schulpforta, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
death_date = September 26, 1868
death_place = Leipzig
residence = Germany
citizenship =
nationality = German
ethnicity =
fields = Mathematician
workplaces = University of Leipzig
alma_mater = University of Leipzig
University of Göttingen
University of Halle
doctoral_advisor = Johann Pfaff
academic_advisors = Carl Friedrich Gauss
Karl Mollweide
doctoral_students = Otto Wilhelm Fiedler
notable_students = Hermann Hankel
known_for = Möbius strip
Möbius transformations
Möbius transform
Möbius function
Möbius inversion formula
Möbius–Kantor graph
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author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
awards =
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footnotes =

August Ferdinand Möbius (November 17, 1790 – September 26, 1868, (pronounced|ˈmøbiʊs) was a German mathematician and theoretical astronomer. He was born in Schulpforta, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany and died in Leipzig.

He is best known for his discovery of the Möbius strip, a non-orientable two-dimensional surface with only one side when embedded in three-dimensional Euclidean space. It was independently discovered by Johann Benedict Listing around the same time. The Möbius configuration, formed by two mutually inscribed tetrahedra, is also named after him. Möbius was the first to introduce homogeneous coordinates into projective geometry. Möbius transformations, important in projective geometry, are not to be confused with the Möbius transform of number theory, which also bears his name. His interest was also in number theory, and the important Möbius function μ("n") and the Möbius inversion formula are named after him.

Möbius studied under Carl Friedrich Gauss and Johann Pfaff.

Collected works

* [http://gallica.bnf.fr/notice?N=FRBNF37264645 Gesammelte werke Erster band (v. 1)] (Leipzig : S. Hirzel, 1885)
* [http://gallica.bnf.fr/notice?N=FRBNF37265486 Gesammelte werke Zweiter band (v. 2)] (Leipzig : S. Hirzel, 1885)
* [http://gallica.bnf.fr/notice?N=FRBNF37268072 Gesammelte werke Dritter band (v. 3)] (Leipzig : S. Hirzel, 1885)
* [http://gallica.bnf.fr/notice?N=FRBNF37268085 Gesammelte werke Vierter band (v. 4)] (Leipzig : S. Hirzel, 1885)

Trivia

*Möbius was a descendant of Martin Luther by way of his mother.
*The character of Johann Wilhelm Möbius—a particular scientist who tries to evade his own inventions by pretending to be insane—in Dürrenmatt's satiric drama "The Physicists" is named after him.
*The asteroid 28516 Möbius is also named after him.
*In StarCraft, the upgraded energy reactor of the Terran Ghost is called "Moebius Reactor"
*There is a tribute to him in "", in the form on the deathmatch map dm_mobius (which has since spawned various spin-offs such as in the Unreal Tournament series).
*Möbius also plays a pivotal part in Brian Lumley's "Necroscope" book series.

External links

*
* [http://www.genealogy.ams.org/id.php?id=35953 Möbius math genealogy]
*A beautiful visualization of Möbius Transformations, created by mathematicians at the University of Minnesota is viewable at [http://youtube.com/watch?v=JX3VmDgiFnY]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • August Ferdinand Möbius — August Ferdinand Möbius. August Ferdinand Möbius (* 17. November 1790 in Schulpforte (Naumburg (Saale); † 26. September 1868 in Leipzig) war ein deutscher Mathematiker und Astronom an der Universität Leipzig …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • August Ferdinand Mobius — August Ferdinand Möbius Pour les articles homonymes, voir Moebius. August Ferdinand Möbius. August (us) Ferdinand Möbius ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • August Ferdinand Möbius — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Moebius. August Ferdinand Möbius. August (us) Ferdinand Möbius (17 novembre 1790 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • August Ferdinand Mobius — noun German mathematician responsible for the Mobius strip (1790 1868) • Syn: ↑Mobius, ↑August F. Mobius • Instance Hypernyms: ↑mathematician …   Useful english dictionary

  • August F. Mobius — noun German mathematician responsible for the Mobius strip (1790 1868) • Syn: ↑Mobius, ↑August Ferdinand Mobius • Instance Hypernyms: ↑mathematician …   Useful english dictionary

  • Möbius, August Ferdinand — born Nov. 17, 1790, Schulpforta, Saxony died Sept. 26, 1868, Leipzig German mathematician and theoretical astronomer. He began teaching at the University of Leipzig in 1815, and established his reputation with many publications. His mathematical… …   Universalium

  • Möbius , August Ferdinand — (1790–1868) German mathematician Möbius worked mainly on analytical geometry, topology, and theoretical astronomy. He was born at Schulpforta in Germany and held a chair in theoretical astronomy at Leipzig, making numerous contributions to the… …   Scientists

  • Möbius, August Ferdinand — ► (1790 1868) Matemático alemán. Fue uno de los fundadores de la topología. (V. banda de Möbius.) * * * (17 nov. 1790, Schulpforta, Sajonia–26 sep. 1868, Leipzig). Matemático y astrónomo teórico alemán. Empezó a enseñar en la Universidad de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Auguste Ferdinand Möbius — August Ferdinand Möbius Pour les articles homonymes, voir Moebius. August Ferdinand Möbius. August (us) Ferdinand Möbius ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • August Möbius — August Ferdinand Möbius. August Ferdinand Möbius (* 17. November 1790 in Schulpforte bei Naumburg (Saale); † 26. September 1868 in Leipzig) war deutscher Mathematiker und Astronom an der Universität Leipzig …   Deutsch Wikipedia