- Canadian Museum of Nature
Canadian Museum of Nature Victoria Memorial Museum Building
The Victoria Memorial Museum Building
General information Type Museum Architectural style Gothic Revival, Scottish baronial. Location 240 McLeod Street, Ottawa, Ontario Coordinates Coordinates: Current tenants Canadian Museum of Nature Construction started 1905 Completed 1912 Design and construction Owner Government of Canada Architect David Ewart Official name: Victoria Memorial Museum Building Designated: 1990
The Canadian Museum of Nature (French: Musée Canadien de la nature) is a natural history museum in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Its collections, which were started by the Geological Survey of Canada in 1856, include all aspects of the intersection of human society and nature, from gardening to gene-splicing. The Museum is affiliated with the Canadian Museums Association, the Canadian Heritage Information Network, and the Virtual Museum of Canada.
The building, known as the Victoria Memorial Museum Building, was built in former farm fields known as Appin Place, the estate of the Scottish-born merchant, William Stewart. The neighbourhood became known as Stewarton and residential development started in the area during the 1870s. The government purchased the land in 1905 hoping to develop the site as a sort of 'end piece' to complement the stone structure of the Canadian Parliament Buildings at the opposite end of Metcalfe Street, on Parliament Hill.
This massive stone structure is an excellent example of early 20th-century architecture in Ottawa, and was built for $1,250,000 by architect David Ewart who is responsible for many similar structures around the city. The construction of the building involved the importing of 300 skilled stonemasons from Scotland. The architectural style is sometimes described as Scottish baronial. Ewart was sent to Britain to study the architecture of Hampton Court and Windsor Castle, which greatly influenced his design of this building.
Unfortunately, because of the presence of unstable Leda clay in the geology of the site, a tall tower that was situated at the front of the building had to be taken down in 1915 due to settling and the concern that the foundation could not support the weight. The unstable site forced some workers to stop working, as shifting foundations in the basement shot bricks and stones out from the walls, hitting some construction workers.
The building found itself filling a more auspicious role than originally intended when in 1916, fire consumed the majority of the Centre Block on Parliament Hill. The recently completed Victoria Museum Building became the temporary home of the House of Commons from 1916 to 1919 and the affairs of the government were run from the site until the completion of the new Parliament building in 1922. The Senate used the first floor mineral room (now Talisman Energy Fossil Gallery) and the Commons used the amphitheatre on third floor (now the Salon). Chairs and tables for members were brought in, as well as the speaker's chair for both the Senate and Commons.
In 1968, the National Museum that occupied the building was split into the National Museum of Natural Sciences (eventually renamed the Canadian Museum of Nature) and the National Museum of Man (eventually renamed the Canadian Museum of Civilization), although both entities continued to share the same edifice. In 1989, the Canadian Museum of Civilization moved to a new location in Gatineau, Quebec, and the Canadian Museum of Nature was able to occupy the entire Victoria Memorial Museum Building.
A major renovation of all parts of the building began in 2004 and was completed in 2010, including a lighter-weight glass "lantern" taking the place of the tower removed in 1915. For most of the duration of the renovation, parts of the building were still open to the public, but the entire building was closed temporarily on 26 April 2010 for final changes. The newly renovated museum re-opened again on 22 May 2010, and the lantern structure was christened the "Queens' Lantern" in honour of both Elizabeth II, who visited the building on her 2010 royal tour, and Queen Victoria.
Bull Moose mosaic at front entrance was hidden under carpetting from 1950 to 2010
- ^ historica (2010-05-22). "The Canadian Encyclopedia". The Canadian Encyclopedia. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0005629. Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- ^ Kalmam, 52.
- ^ a b c d Fletcher, 148.
- ^ Kalman, 52.
- ^ Fletcher, 149.
- ^ "Parks Canada - Meetings of Parliament". Pc.gc.ca. 2005-02-22. http://www.pc.gc.ca/apps/lhn-nhs/det_E.asp?oqSID=1272&oqeName=Meetings+of+Parliament&oqfName=Assembl%E9e+des+Communes. Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- ^ Victoria Memorial Museum, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
- ^ Victoria Memorial Museum, National Register of Historic Places
- ^ Canadian Museum of Nature - Grand Reopening[dead link]
- ^ Cook, Maria (2010-05-16). "''Ottawa Citizen'' - The Wonders of Nature". Ottawacitizen.com. http://www.ottawacitizen.com/news/Wonders+Nature/3024408/story.html. Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- ^ Canada. "Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II Marks the Naming of the "Queens' Lantern" at the Canadian Museum of Nature". Nature.ca. http://nature.ca/en/about-us/museum-news/news/press-releases/her-majesty-queen-elizabeth-ii-marks-naming-queens-lantern. Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- Ray, Randy, The Big Book of Canadian Trivia, Dundurn Pres, ISBN 9781554884179, http://books.google.ca/books?id=RoBytz0-XuQC&lpg=PA94&dq=Canadian%20Museum%20of%20Nature&pg=PA94#v=onepage&q&f=true
National museums of Canada National Gallery of Canada Corporation Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation Canadian Museum of Nature CorporationCanadian Museum of Nature Canada Science and Technology Museum Corporation Canadian Museum for Human Rights Corporation Canada's National Museum of Immigration National Historic Sites of Canada by location Provinces TerritoriesNorthwest Territories · Nunavut · Yukon Other countriesFrance Landmarks in Ottawa Infrastructure Sport in Ottawa Entertainment
MuseumsBillings Estate Museum · Bytown Museum · Canada Agriculture Museum · Canada Aviation and Space Museum · Canadian Museum of Nature · Canadian War Museum · Central Experimental Farm · Currency Museum · National Gallery of Canada · National Museum of Science and Technology · Nepean Museum · Royal Canadian Mint Parks, squares, and
Historical Demolished structures Shopping Neighbourhoods
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Canadian Museum of Nature — Museumsgebäude Das Canadian Museum of Nature (französisch Musée Canadien de la Nature) ist ein staatliches Naturkundemuseum in Ottawa (McLeod Street 240). Das Museum ist auch Forschungsinstitut. Es entstand 1856 aus Sammlungen des Geological… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Canadian Museum for Human Rights — Location Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, at the historic Forks Website www.humanrightsmuseum.ca … Wikipedia
Canadian Museum of Civilization — For other uses, see CMC (disambiguation). Canadian Museum of Civilization Established 1856 (1989) Location Gatineau, Quebec … Wikipedia
Canadian Tulip Festival — Tulips from the 2006 Tulip Festival. Date(s) 3 weekends in May … Wikipedia
Canadian Arctic Archipelago — Infobox Islands name = Canadian Arctic Archipelago image caption = Polar projection map of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago image size = locator map custom = no native name = native name link = nickname = location = Northern Canada coordinates =… … Wikipedia
Museum — For other uses, see Museum (disambiguation). The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world … Wikipedia
Museum of Man — The Museum of Man may refer to: Musée de l Homme (English: Museum of Man ), Paris, France San Diego Museum of Man, anthropology and pre Columbian museum in San Diego, California Lowell D. Holmes Museum of Anthropology, of Wichita State University … Wikipedia
Canadian Forces Military Police — Opperational Patrol Dress Shoulder Patch of the CF Military Police … Wikipedia
Canadian National Vimy Memorial — Veterans Affairs Canada Commonwealth War Graves Commission … Wikipedia
Canadian university scientific research organizations — Expenditures by Canadian universities on scientific research and development accounted for about 40% of all spending on scientific research and development in Canada in 2006.Research in the natural and social sciences in Canada, with a few… … Wikipedia