- Wiesel Commission
The Wiesel Commission is the common name given to the International Commission on the
Holocaustin Romania, which was established by former President Ion Iliescuin October 2003 to research and create a report on the actual history of the Holocaust in Romania and make specific recommendations for educating the public on the issue. The Commission, which was led by Nobel Peace Prizelaureate Elie Wiesel, released its report in late 2004. The Romanian government recognized the report's findings and acknowledged the deliberate participation in the Holocaust by the World War II Romanian regime led by Ion Antonescu. The report assessed that between 280,000 and 380,000 Jews were murdered or died under the supervision and as a result of the deliberate policies of Romanian civilian and military authorities. Over 11,000 Roma were also killed. The Wiesel Commission report also documented pervasive anti-Semitismand violence against Jews in Romania before World War II, when Romania's Jewish population was among the largest in Europe.
The report was heralded as a landmark development because the true history of the Holocaust in Romania had been suppressed during the communist period, and few Romanians were aware of the extent of involvement in the Holocaust by Antonescu and many others in the military, government, and broader society. Indeed, the Wiesel Commission itself was established following statements made in July 2003 by Romanian President Iliescu and the Romanian Minister of Culture minimizing the Holocaust and indicating official belief that the Holocaust had not occurred in Romania. Iliescu established the Wiesel Commission after an international outcry over these erroneous assertions. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3736864.stm] .
In 2004, Romania observed its first National Holocaust Commemoration Day, established by the Parliament to take place on or around October 9 of each year. The date specifically marks the 1941 deportation of Romanian Jews to ghettos and forced labor camps. The establishment of the commemoration day was among the recommendations made in the Wiesel Commission report. Other recommendations included the establishment of an Institute for the Study of the Holocaust in Romania (subsequently established in 2005), explicit inclusion of the history of the Holocaust in Romania in public school curricula, and the construction of a national monument to the Romanian victims of the Holocaust. All of these are currently being implemented by the Romanian government. As of 2006, Holocaust studies have been implemented into Year 10 high school curricula, and the designs for a National Memorial for Romanian Victims of the Holocaust have been finalised. On October 9, 2006 (the
National Day of Commemorating the Holocaustin Romania), the keystone for the memorial was laid by Romanian President Traian Băsescu.
*The Final Report of the Commission is available two places on line:
author = International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania
title = Final Report of the International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania
Yad Vashem(The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority)
language = English
url = http://yad-vashem.org.il/about_yad/what_new/data_whats_new/report1.html
format = HTML index, chapters are PDFs
accessdate = 2006-07-25
author = International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania. Also includes a related October 12, 2004 speech by
Ion Iliescuand a message from Elie Wiesel | title = Final Report of the International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
language = English and Romanian
url = http://www.ushmm.org/research/center/presentations/features/details/2005-03-10/
format = HTML overview and index, chapters are PDFs
accessdate = 2006-07-26 [http://www.ushmm.org/research/center/presentations/features/details/2005-03-10/pdf/english/executive_summary.pdf Executive Summary] .
History of the Jews in Romania
Romania during World War II
Tismăneanu Commission, which published in October 2006 a report on Communism in Romania.
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